• Saddle Sore: Skeletal Occupational Markers of Habitual Horseback Riding

      Rawlings, Tiffany; Zaia, Jolene; The College at Brockport (2019-05-15)
      Horses became a prominent part of everyday life for many tribes and communities many centuries ago. The horse has been used for transportation, war, and pleasure. These people who habitually used horses for all of these different functions show evidence of this within their skeletal remains in antiquity. The human skeleton can deform and change based on the amount of stress and activity put onto the bones. Seeing the affects of horseback riding on the human skeleton can help researchers, archaeologists and anthropologists find out more about the communities that they are looking at. The skeletons from antiquity and modern-day horseback riders can be affected in similar and differing ways, the body can start to form different growths or pits based on the level of stress. The human skeleton is amazing, but can give great insight into the lives of people everywhere.
    • Safe Braking Distance using Stella

      Colafubo, Steve; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      Examines distance and time required to stop a car under a variety of conditions and at various speeds.
    • Safe Imaging of Internal Organs

      Lash, Stephanie; Burleigh, Nathanial; Moulin, Katrijn; The College at Brockport (2014-06-01)
      The purpose of this model is to demonstrate the common ion effect on the solubility of salts. In short the common ion effect states that the addition of a salt to a solution containing some common ion will decrease the degree of dissociation of a weak electrolyte in solution. This effect is especially important when creating the Barium contrast solution ingested by patients for some medical imaging procedures. The barium sulfate in this material is not harmful to the body, however some will dissociate into relatively harmless sulfate ions and toxic barium ions. In order to make the solution safe for consumption sodium sulfate is added in order to bind the dissociated barium and make the solution non-toxic. This model will be used in conjunction with an exploratory lesson discussing the common ion effect along with the application of calculus concepts. Students will begin by researching a barium swallow and the negative effects of barium. Student will then do some pre-model calculations on the associated worksheet using the solubility product rules and their knowledge of chemistry to calculate the amount of Barium Sulfate to add to 500 ml of water in order to create a 2% wt/wt Barium Sulfate solution and the concentration of free Barium in the solution. Students will then open the project “ContrastSimulation” and the worksheet labeled “Contrast”. After pressing play students will see the Barium Sulfate molecules diffuse through the solution, with some molecules dissociating into barium and sulfate ions. Students should make note of the number of Barium ions after 30 – 45 seconds and then end the simulation. Students will then open the worksheet “ContrastAndSodiumHydroxide” and allow it to run as with the “Contrast” sheet again noting the Barium level after 30-45 seconds. The remaining worksheets should be explored in this manner starting with “ContrastAndBariumHydroxide”, then “ContrastAndPotasiumBromide”, and finally “ContrastAndSodiumSulfate” always noting the Barium level when the simulation is stopped. From exploration of the model students should realize that the salt they should add to their contrast material is Sodium Sulfate. Armed with this information and the rules for calculating concentrations based on solubility products students will then calculate the minimum amount of Sodium Sulfate to add to their contrast solution. The primary file is a lesson plan, accompanied by supplemental files. In the supplemental zipped files, you will find: Student worksheets Lesson plan Powerpoint presentations
    • Sales Tax with STELLA

      Shaw, Karie; The College at Brockport (2006-08-08)
      Objective: Students will learn how to apply discounts and calculate sales tax. This is a fun activity in preparation for the New York State Exam!
    • Salinity: A Nonpoint Source Problem

      Managing Headwater Areas for Control of Sediment and Salt Production from Western Rangelands (p. 347) Salinity: Nonpoint Source Problem in the Colorado River Basin (p. 352) Continuous Salinity Monitoring in the Colorado River Basin by the Utah Bureau of Water Pollution Control (p. 356) Salinity Control in the Grand Valley of Colorado (p. 359)
    • Sam Cookies: Sleuth Tales

      Schenk, Kiefer; The College at Brockport (2013-05-16)
      This senior honors thesis is a script for a humorous radio show composed of five scenes. The story is a pun-filled detective drama about Sam Cookies, as he tries to solve several cases involving anthropomorphic vegetables getting boiled. Sam must solve the mystery before he finds himself in hot water. This thesis fights right in with classic detective stories broadcasted on old-time radio, such as The Shadow, and Sam Spade, while interjecting the story with jokes and lightheartedness. Please contact author for performance rights.
    • Sample Annotated Bibliography and Guidelines

      Capurso, Judy M.; SUNY Ulster County Community College (2013-10-01)
      Students are given a set of guidelines and a sample annotated bibliography to guide them in creating entries for a variety of sources. They assemble all their entries into a formal Annotated Bibliography as their final assignment.
    • Sandy Creek Monroe/Orleans Counties, New York

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Nowak, Matthew J.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Sandy Creek is located in Monroe and Orleans Counties in New York State and drains 89 mi2 of land. Surrounding land use is predominantly agriculture, though there are also residential influences. The Orleans County Soil and Water Conservation District through the Water Quality Coordinating Committee (WQCC) has monitored nutrient loss from the watershed through continuous automated monitoring and event sampling. Sandy Creek was identified as moderately polluted, not as pristine as forested watersheds but not as polluted as streams receiving partially treated sewage. Soil loss was highest (75% of total) during precipitation events suggesting that agricultural runoff may play a large role in cultural eutrophication of the creek (Makarewicz 2000). Nuisance algae and algal mat development foul the nearshore waters along the southern shoreline of Lake Ontario and are major causes of beach closings and limited water recreation. This short report provides a synopsis of data collected monthly from May through September (2003 to 2009) on the water quality of Sandy Creek and the lakeside (swimmable depth) of Lake Ontario near the mouth of the creek.
    • Sarah Orne Jewett : Transcendence in Nature

      Leenay, Kathryn; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      Sarah Orne Jewett wrote about people and things “just as they are” (Silverthorne 35) . Her father had given her this advice and, in a way, she made it her mission in life to acquaint people with each other. Despite her simple language and seemingly simple characters her work is full of wisdom and touches on m any universal themes. Willa Cather believed Jewett’s last novel, The Country of the Pointed Firs, deserved a place alongside Huckleberry Finn and The Scarlet Letter (Cather vi). Although some critics in Jewett’s time complained of “very little plot” (Silverthorne 143 ) in her stories, other influential critics and publishers, such as William Dean Howells, enjoyed and revered her “ free movement, unfettered by the limits of plot, and keeping only to the reality, which no other eye than hers has seen so subtly, so humorously, so touchingly” (Silverthorne 207) . I will analyze The Country of the Pointed Firs using the 1925 edition, which includes the three appended stories: “The Queen’s Twin,” “A Dunnet Shepherdess,” and “William’s Wedding.” Natural settings in the novel and in the appended stories allow characters in Country to transcend apparently conventional human limitations such as physical and emotional isolation from community, linear time, traditional Christian religions, and gender. The anonymous narrator in the novel develops pliant and enriching relationships with other community members as she “returns” to her true self. In the first few chapters of Country, she realizes that isolation from community can renew the soul and make one a stronger member of a community in the long run. This Transcendentalist tenet is expanded throughout the original novel, as well as the appended stories. Using natural settings as a "school" for transcendence, Jewett also touches on the Transcendentalist tenet of “the great and small," as seen in examinations of linear time and traditional Christian beliefs in the novel. Most of the characters in the novel are of a mature age, appearing to be beyond the years of parturition. Despite this ‘‘limitation," the characters are able to prosper on seemingly infertile, rocky land. They also appear physically younger than their true age, thereby continually contradicting the limitations of linear time on a body. The merging of the two extremes, great and small, is a collapse of a traditionally linear, hierarchical structure. In other words, when the two extremes are brought together as one there is no longer a need for a bipolar relationship between youth and age, good and bad, and man and woman. An embodiment of all forces in oneness, as seen in the work of two of Jewett's influences, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Emanual Swedenborg, leads to transcendence. The Christian belief that the greatness of God was born into the microcosm of a human baby, Jesus Christ, is an example of the "great and small" collapsing into one. Jewett uses and, in a way, redefines this image when she juxtaposes the maternal Mother Earth figure, Mrs. Blackett, with the conventional Christian minister at the Bowden Reunion. She introduces a woman -centered Christianity in her book where the church is found in the domestic setting of the home. Finally, Jewett transcends gender role limitations (again using natural settings for her place of education) by allowing characters to visit both their maternal and paternal selves. Country is a subtle novel that reveals Jewett’s own exploration and, essentially, reconstruction of many traditional nineteenth century beliefs. Jewett does not work with young heroines like Alcott's Jo or Bronte’s Jane Eyre to convey her message, but rather she returns, as the title of Country’s first chapter implies, to the teachings of the past and chooses an older woman, Almira Todd, as a guide and mentor for both the reader and the narrator. In her characters, Jewett reveals the wisdom of all ages and so taps into perpetual knowledge, growth, and a youthful spirit.
    • Satisfaction Level of Parents of Children without Disabilities on the Idea of Inclusion

      Isaman, Carrie; The College at Brockport (2005-05-01)
      As a result of inclusion becoming more prevalent, it is crucial to know parents' perspectives toward inclusion. Therefore, the research question is: How satisfied are parents of children without disabilities on the idea of inclusion? In order to answer this question, the researcher developed an inclusion questionnaire, and sent it to all parents in a fourth and fifth grade class in upstate New York. Being a special educator, it is crucial to know how parents feel about inclusion. It is also important for parents to know the benefits and possible drawbacks of having their child in an. inclusive setting. The data that the researcher obtained from this inclusion questionnaire revealed what parents know about inclusion and how they feel about inclusion. The results show that parents of children without disabilities do not believe that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages for their child in an inclusive setting. These findings lay the foundation for future research to be conducted on parents' attitudes towards inclusion.
    • Saucy Stories

      Elardo, Sarah; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)
    • Saving New York's North Coast: Conference Executive Summary

      Restoring the ecological integrity of New York's North Coast -Lake Ontario's 300 miles of southern and eastern shoreline, embayments, river and creek mouths, wetlands and ponds-is key to the region's economic vitality. Remediation will require collaboration among public and private sectors and local, state, and federal agencies and elected officials. Restoration of the Lake Ontario ecosystem will also require broad public commitment, not only for remediation efforts, but also for prevention of adverse impacts and impairments that are now requiring corrective measures. The Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative (LOCI) is one response to these needs. The Initiative is a growing partnership which recognizes that current remediation efforts are fragmented, with projects, communities, and counties competing for the attention of state and federal agencies and limited funds. This conference will bring together local, state, tribal, and federal government officials and agencies, members of citizen organizations, representatives of environmental, business, and civic interest, agriculture, educators and researchers. The conference program will provide an opportunity to: learn about the Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative and other efforts of users, agencies and researchers identify issues and challenges not yet addressed network and learn from each other have input into the strategic plan being prepared by the LOCI partners and make a commitment to the restoration, remediation, protection, conservation, and sustainable use of the North Coast
    • Scaffolding and Encouraging Imaginary Play

      Robb, Susan; Barbaro, Michelle S.; The College at Brockport (2014-01-01)
      This paper is a self-study to look at ways in which I can encourage and engage my daughter's thinking by assisting and allowing her to use her imagination and creativity during play.
    • Scaffolding for ELLs: Increasing Academic Success in Literacy

      Mazurett-Boyle, Rosa; Bartone, Amber (2020-08-06)
      With the increasing rates of English Language Learners (ELLs) in general education classrooms, educators must implement instructional strategies to promote academic success for ELL students. The lack of professional developments suggest that educators are unfamiliar with cultural issues, assessing student progress, and developing instructional strategies for ELLs in a general education classroom. This capstone will examine the question of how elementary general education teachers can implement scaffolding based on the ELL’s proficiency level, zone of proximal development (ZPD), and drawing on diverse backgrounds to ensure academic success in literacy. In the literature review I will examine the effectiveness of the elements of the sociocultural theory, including scaffolding and the zone of proximal development (ZPD) as a tool for educators when applied in the general education classroom for ELLs. The professional development has been grounded on research findings to help educators understand ELLs cultural backgrounds factors, ZPD, and scaffolding strategies in literacy discussions. Keywords: English Language Learners, sociocultural theory, scaffolding, zone of proximal development, literacy
    • Scaffolding the Writing Process

      Yau, Hulda; The College at Brockport (2007-12-01)
      Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often need time to become accustomed to school routines and expectations. This research project investigates potential methods and strategies that would increase achievement and acquisition of secondary language competencies, specifically highlighting the writing process, and explores the impact a manipulative might have on the writing development of LEP students. The ten participants in this study were sixth grade LEP students in an urban school district in western New York. This study took place in a bilingual classroom during Writer's Workshop lessons. There was a bilingual teacher and two ESOL teachers working with the students at the time. Students' first writing drafts and final copy results were analyzed quantitatively. Students were given a survey and interviewed individually to assess their attitude toward use or non-use of silent teachers and a writing process booklet.
    • Scatter Plots

      Hall, Beth; The College at Brockport (2006-07-17)
      Students will be able to collect, organize and create scatter plots of two-variable data and determine the type of correlation the data suggests (positive, negative, none)
    • Schema Avoidance and Social Norm Application in Changing Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action Programs

      Knapp, F. Andrew; The College at Brockport (2008-05-01)
      The interpretation and implementation of affirmative action policies (AAPs) has had the effect of creating beliefs and attitudes concerning these policies that vary with personal experience, race, gender, and other factors. Since attitudes toward AAPs have been found to be especially difficult to change, it is important to understand attitudes and how to change them. Following Ajzen's (1991, 2005) Theory of Planned Behavior, two hypotheses were tested: first, the avoidance of schema activation (i.e., by assessing attitudes toward AAPs without calling them "affirmative action") results in more positive attitudes toward the goals and ideals of those policies, and second, for those without any firmly held beliefs concerning AAPs, the presence or absence of a social norm example will influence attitudes in the direction provided by the example. This study of 298 undergraduate students showed a significant relationship between attitudes toward AAPs (measured with two separate dependent variables: a semantic differential and a measure of justice) and presence or absence of the words "affirmative action." Results were mixed in the presence or absence of a social norm model, with significant results only seen in the groups where the term affirmative action was not used. These results suggest that attitudes toward affirmative action can be influenced by avoiding schema activation and that providing a positive norm model is ineffective in changing attitudes when the term affirmative action is used. Correlations were also found between attitudes towards AAPs and measures of knowledge of AAPs, as well as participants' intention to take some kind of action regarding AAPs.
    • Scholarly Communication: From Understanding to Engagement

      Myers, Kim L.; Orzech, Mary Jo; Oyer, Julie M.; The College at Brockport (2017-05-31)
      Presentation given at the 2017 CIT conference reporting on the results of the 2016 Innovation in Instructional Technology Grant.
    • School Attendance of High School Dropouts

      Beers, Morris J.; Hazard, Amy C.; The College at Brockport (1993-07-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if there is an identifiable pattern of absences for elementary school student who eventually drop out of high school. If so, attendance patterns could be used as an indicator for students at risk or dropping out. Using attendance data, the study investigated these absences. This study examined the elementary attendance records of 42 high school dropouts. All of these students attended school in the Fulton City School District. The study began by looking at grade levels. For each grade level, the percentage of each day of the week missed was calculated. The purpose of this was to determine if there was one particular day of the week, at each grade level, that was most likely to be missed. The next step was to determine if there was a particular day that was most commonly missed overall. The results of this analysis indicated that there is no one day that is more likely to be missed. In addition, a percentage of absences for each grade level was calculated. The purpose was to determine if there is an increase in the number of absences with increase in grade level. Results of the study did not support this idea. Finally, two students were examined more closely to determine if there was a pattern to their absences over three or more years. This analysis also failed to find any pattern that would be useful in identifying potential dropouts. While poor attendance is known to be an indicator of students at risk of dropping out, the specifics of particular days missed does not seem to be useful in identifying these students.
    • School Climate and Rituals

      DiGuardi, Paula; The College at Brockport (2005-01-01)
      A study was conducted to asses the quality of a high school's climate. School violence, bullying, absenteeism/dropout rates and suspension rates are some of the problems that exist in schools and are affected by and affect school climate. Other factors related to school climate that were discussed included student development, student learning, and relationships within schools. This study also discussed characteristics of positive school climates and how schools can improve their climates, with a focus on the use of rituals. It assessed student perceptions of their school's climate through the use of a questionnaire. It was discovered that some aspects of this school's climate were positive, while others were areas of concern.