• "R-BEST" Rationale: Impact of a Research Based Elementary Science Teaching Rationale Paper on Beginning Elementary Teachers

      Veronesi, Peter; Beers, Morris J.; Baker, Patricia E.; Lambert, Rebecca Ann (2001-07-01)
      The first year of elementary teaching can be overwhelming, often resulting in a decline in teachers’ sense of their own effectiveness. Teaching science in particular can be difficult for newcomers, as they may feel unfit to teach a difficult topic with which they may have little experience. Some researchers have suggested that a research-based rationale, understood as a statement of purpose, strategy, goals, and evaluation, can make teachers more confident and increase their self-efficacy. This paper asks what impact a research-based elementary science teaching (R-BEST) rationale has on a teacher’s first year of teaching elementary science and what improvements could be made with this assessment method at the pre-service level so that the impact can be made greater. The author interviewed first year teachers who completed an elementary science methods course in Fall 1996 to obtain their views on the effectiveness of the R-Best rationale which they had to write to complete the course. Demographic data was collected and participants were asked open-ended questions so they could identify what was most important to them. A majority of respondents thought the assignment of writing and defending an R-BEST rationale paper was beneficial to them and had a strong impact on how they viewed and taught science. A majority of respondents also felt comfortable in teaching science and had high self-confidence.
    • Racial Politics of American History and the United Nations: The Impact of the Cold War on the Civil Rights Movement

      Corey, Mary E.; Cody, Amy C.; The College at Brockport (2014-12-15)
      Thesis research focuses around the Civil Rights Congress' 1951 United Nations Petition charging the United States with genocide against the African American race. This thesis also examines the complexities of global politics and the impact Communism had on the civil rights organization's ability to gain support for reform on the domestic and international level.
    • Racing Through My Mind: An ALS Journey

      Griffiths, Gwyn; The College at Brockport (2013-04-08)
      The researcher will share the process and results of an independent study - she created a ten minute documentary piece on ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease. Over the course of the semester, she was responsible for all aspects of film production including scriptwriting, interviewing, filming, and editing. She chose this topic in honor of late family friend Douglas Adamson in hopes of raising awareness about the disease.
    • Racism and Education

      Corey, Mary E.; Hunt, Alicia M.; The College at Brockport (2014-08-04)
      This research focuses primarily on the effects of imperialism on the spread of racism. By evaluating specific historical relations, such as the British Empire and the Xhosa of Southern Africa, race relations are examined and their effect on American students of Social Studies clarified. Students are not always adequately instructed on the role of race in many historical events, and too often the role of minorities is minimized or even deleted from teaching materials. By understanding the legacy of imperialism, teachers may use carefully selected texts within their classrooms to help alleviate the disproportion of history taught in schools and elevate their awareness of race issues today, as well as creating a diverse curriculum for all students.
    • Racism and Xenophobia in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper," Herland and With Her in Ourland

      Mertsock, John S.; The College at Brockport (2001-01-01)
      This thesis project examines the literary work of Charlotte Perkins Gilman; in light of the xenophobic aspects of society in the 1920’s, namely the “Yellow Peril.” It argues that radical theories are present in the work of respected American scientists, political leaders, and authors of the time, and that Gilman, a feminist author, perpetuated these xenophobic ideas. This paper will focus on three of Gilman's major works, her short story "The Yellow Wallpaper," the utopian novel Herland and its sequel With Her in Ourland, from the perspective of race. It considers the symbols and images stemming from the "Yellow Peril" that pervade these works, conveying the racist notions inherent in popular turn-of-the-century sociological constructs, including eugenics and social Darwinism. The project notes Gilman’s role and progressive attitude regarding the feminist movement and oppression in tension with her xenophobic and racist beliefs as they co-exist in her personal writing and literary work.
    • Racism in a "Raceless" Society: The Soviet Press and Representations of American Racial Violence at Stalingrad in 1930

      Roman, Meredith; The College at Brockport (2007-01-01)
      In late August 1930, two white American workers from the Ford Motor Company in Detroit were tried for attacking a black American laborer at one of the Soviet Union's prized giants of socialist industry, the Stalingrad Traktorostroi. Soviet trade-union authorities and all-union editors used the near month-long campaign to bring the two assailants to “proletarian justice,” in order to cultivate the image that workers in the USSR valued American technical and industrial knowledge in the construction of the new socialist society, but vehemently rejected American racism. They reinforced this image in publications by juxtaposing visual depictions of Soviet citizens' acceptance of black Americans as equals against those which portrayed the lynching of black workers in the United States.
    • Radical Philosophy and Critical Theory: Examination and Defense

      Nielsen, Kai; Oxford University (1975-01-01)
    • Radioactive Decay

      Case, Ryan; Pritchard, Jayson; State University of New York College at Brockport (2016-06-20)
      The purpose of this model is to simulate the decay of radioactive nuclei to the stable isotope Lead-206. First and foremost, the model is designed to illustrate the concept of a half-life, which is the amount of time it takes for half a given quality of nuclei to decay to the next nuclei. In addition it also demonstrates that different radioisotopes have different half-lives than one another, and that the mass is conserved in nuclear reactions but not necessarily the number of protons, neutrons, or nuclei.
    • Radioactive Decay using Stella and AgentSheets

      Pennella, Annette; Java, Dorothy; The College at Brockport (2005-03-27)
      The topic of our Challenge Project is the half-life of radioactive elements. We chose this topic for several reasons. The 8th grade curriculum includes the investigation of fossils and radioactive elements. Students often have difficulty understanding and relating to this natural event since it cannot be observed. They do not see how it affects their lives today. Mrs. Java and I decided to have at least two of the investigated elements be related to medical procedures. The students are able to relate what they have learned and see how this information has an impact on peoples’ everyday lives. The radioactive elements used for the Challenge Project were: Carbon-14 that changes to Nitrogen; Iodine-131 that changes to Zenon-131; and Technetium-99 that changes to Ruthenium-99. The students were familiar with Carbon-14 since they read about the Ice Man and radiocarbon dating. Iodine-131 is use in medical procedures when diagnosing and treating cancer and thyroid problems. Technetium-99 is used to make images for the skeleton and heart muscle. It is also use for specialized medical studies on many other organs in the body. We chose to use two programs, Stella and Agent Sheets. Stella is a good program for the students to build models. It demonstrates the exponential decay of the radioactive elements. The students do not have to know a formula to build the model. Stella uses graphs and data tables to display the exponential decay of the elements. They can see the graphs being constructed at a slow pace and the data accumulated. The second program we chose was Agent Sheets. This program is good because the students have the visual representation of the element decaying over time. The students were then able to use the calculators with the Stella Program. They calculated the amount of time each segment on the data table represented in relation to their element’s half-life in Stella. The students are also able to calculate the amount of time each click represents when changing the parent element into the daughter element in the Agent Sheets Program. Exposing the students to new technology and experiences helps them learn in a different and more exciting way. They are able to construct concrete models that represent abstract natural events. Students can then calculate or predict outcomes that may not otherwise be experienced. They are able to see visual representations, learn how the information is applicable, making the concept or idea real to their everyday lives. Please unzip the attached files for a wealth of additional information.
    • Rainbow

      Marcus, Rebekah; Rush-Henrietta Senior High School (2019-01-01)
    • Rape Culture or a Culture of Rape? American Rape Culture Compared to South African Rape Accommodating Culture

      Kim, Moon Sun; Brown, Sarah; The College at Brockport (2018-05-15)
      Rape is a serious and heinous crime seen all over the world. Through various studies and research, new information about sexual assault has made the crime a hotspot for debate. Social, psychological, and legal views all examine the issue, but many do not internationally compare rape and sexual assault. There are many reasons for this, validity of information, differing legal definitions, government interventions, and legal power, all can play a part in the ability for statistical and document-based comparison. This does not mean, however, that it cannot and should not be done. By looking internationally, one nation can see how others have reacted to the increasing awareness or rape and possible intervention methods. But is that possible when it comes to two different nations that have treated rape so differently? The social and historical influences on cultural values or norms alter how certain actions are seen. In more recent years, an overwhelming number of social scientists have pointed to, what they call, rape culture as the basis of analysis for how people see rape in the United States. Is it seen the same in South Africa, though? The simple answer is no. South African culture has been altered by years of colonization and subjugation that differs dramatically from that seen in the US. The occurrences of rape in South Africa differ in many ways, from those who are involved, the occurrences of certain types of rape, and the social responses to each. As is explained through this analysis, South Africa faces an epidemic of rape that is so endowed in their own culture it cannot be separated into a culture of its own.
    • Rationale for and Examples of Internet-Based, Software, and Hardware Technologies That Can Be Integrated into the Science Classroom

      Harradine, Tara M.; The College at Brockport (2007-08-01)
      The global market and workplace today demand knowledge and skills associated with technology. More often than not the responsibility to provide students with the exposure to technology is left up to the classroom teachers, whether or not the teachers themselves are experienced with it. The natural intersection of science and technology is a recognized element of science education in 21st century classrooms. This thesis project presents some of the more accessible forms of technology to understand and offer assistance to both pre-service and in-service teachers as well as suggested methods for integrating technology in a science classroom. While technology integration can be straightforward, teachers still need introduction to and experience with its implementation. It is suggested that teacher preparation programs devote time in analyzing current curriculum and teaching practices for ways to incorporate more opportunities for intentional partnerships of science and technology. Some of the recommendations culled from the research analysis, specifically directed to science teachers, includes suggestions for teacher education programs on incorporating technology requirements into standard education classes, developing technology-specific mini "how-to classes" that on website development and podcast creation, and courses that involve both the introduction to and the use of handheld computers and probeware. (Appendices list instructional websites created for teachers; some with a direct science focus.)
    • Raymond Carver and the Menacing Search for Identity and Intimacy

      Bittlingmaier, Michael J.; The College at Brockport (2005-07-25)
      Raymond Carver has been called the master of menace by many critics who suggest his characters are devoid of self-awareness and have very few redeeming qualities regarding emotional growth. The menacing aspect of his work has been viewed by many readers as a plot-oriented tool that places the characters in hopeless situations the author refuses to let them out of, confining them to lives of "emotional paralysis and terror" (Wickenden 38). I intend to demonstrate the contrary that this menace is actually an incidental occurrence that derives from characters whose fears of being insubstantial are a result of identities in crisis. Failure to achieve a true delineated self provides the menace or tension that initiates the decision Carver’s characters are forced to make: to remain passively constrained by identity foreclosure or diffusion, or to liberate themselves from their self-imposed confines to actively set forth into moratorium: the explorative process of "forging an identity'' (Marcia, Patterson, and Sochting 1 2). While Developmental psychologist James A. Marcia' s identity statuses will provide a template for these adult characters experiencing a prolonged adolescent identity crisis, Erik H. Erikson's sixth stage of human development, Intimacy versus Isolation, will emphasize the lives of characters who fail to obtain true intimacy and who thus remain passive in their search for identity. Carver's use of first person narrative, ambiguity, epiphany, and symbolism are the technical aspects explored that emphasize the plight of the foreclosed and diffused character who must break free of the bonds of passivity by stepping forward into moratorium.
    • Re-Humanizing Descartes

      Simmons, Alison; Harvard University (2011-07-31)
      Descartes’ mind-body dualism and his quest for objective knowledge can appear de-humanizing. My aim in this paper is to re-humanize Descartes. When we take a closer look at what Descartes actually says about human beings, it casts his entire thought in a much different light.
    • Re-visioning Medea

      Caronia, Nancy A.; The College at Brockport (2008-05-01)
      The Euripidean Medea has been canonized as the de facto standard of all characterizations found within the Medea tradition. The image of Euripides's infanticidal murderess has persisted for nearly two millennia due to interpretations that have furthered the impression that the infanticide is her most salient character trait. However, Pindar, Apollonios, and even Euripides did not make infanticide the central concern of their texts. Pindar privileges Medea's divinity and skills as a prophetess, while Apollonios focuses on the ways in which she was manipulated by gods and mortals. Euripides, who may have originated the infanticidal twist, uses the children's deaths to indict Jason and Creon's willful disregard of the hereditary blood curse on the House of Aeolus, to which both were connected. Roman texts such as Ovid's Heroides 12 and Metamorphoses 7, Gaius Valerius Flaccus's Argonautica, and Seneca's Medea reveal the complexity of the Medea tradition by explicitly and implicitly indicting the brutality and arrogance of patriarchal authority. Ovid creates an abandoned wife in Heroides 12 and a wife who would do anything for her husband, including transforming herself into an amoral supernatural being, in Metamorphoses 12. Valerius chooses to subvert Medea's purpose in the quest for the Golden Fleece by portraying the Argonauts as a band of pirates bent on destruction. Seneca's Medea displays the attributes of imperial rulers, which suggests that Seneca was crafting a veiled critique of the depravity and corruption found in the first century C. E. of Rome. Contemporary texts including Ludmila Ulitskaya's Medea and Her Children and Toni Morrison's Beloved privilege a post-modem self-consciousness, which further displaces reductive interpretations of Medea as a static figure of murder and mayhem. Ulitskaya chooses to create a Medea who more closely resembles the earliest strands of the Medea myth where she was privileged as an herbalist and a priestess; Medea Sinoply has never left her homeland and is portrayed as the nurturer and stability of her large extended family, which directly contradicts any interpretations of Medea that choose to see her as the bringer of chaos and destruction. Morrison's Sethe has the most explicit characteristics of Euripides's Medea, but Morrison uses these traits to challenge any simple notions of Sethe's killing of her daughter in a severe indictment of the institution of slavery. Morrison offers no easy answers since her Medea-like creation not only loses her daughter and her connection to her community, but also her sanity. Close examinations of these texts will reveal the complexity and sophisticated nature not only of the myth, but also of these authors’ creations.
    • Reaction Rates

      Rinere, Frank; The College at Brockport (2004-10-29)
      Students will gather information on reaction rates through measurement, organize the data and determine the relationship that exists. They will support their findings using graphing and a linear regression.
    • Reaction Rates in Chemistry: A Learning Segment Using the 5E/GRC Instructional Model

      Veronesi, Peter; Hollister, Corey (2019-12-01)
      The following project utilizes the 5E Instructional Sequence and the Gather, Reason, Communicate Instructional Sequence to promote a single-cohesive learning segment. The content covered is that of chemical reactions specifically discussed in the Next Generation Science Standards as HS-PS1-5. Included are a literature review, the learning segment, materials, student prompts, and the rationale behind the various parts of the segment.
    • Reaction Rates with Stella

      Vitale, Vince; The College at Brockport (2003-08-09)
      The purpose of this lesson will be to reinforce the concept of using appropriate mathematical functions to model a realistic situation.
    • Read Alouds and Their Impact on Students' Literacy Development

      Olmstead, Kathleen; Walch, Rebecca L.; The College at Brockport (2016-05-08)
      This qualitative study explores the impact of reading aloud to upper or intermediate elementary students. The purpose of this study is to research how fourth grade students respond to a variety of read aloud texts, and how these rich literacy experiences impact students’ literacy development. This study gives background information about read alouds in the classroom and explores one fourth grade class's responses to read aloud text including the impact of these read alouds on students' literacy development.
    • Readability: A Study of Three Selected Stories from a Third Grade Whole Language Basal

      Begy, Gerald; O'Keefe, Susan T.; The College at Brockport (1991-08-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level. The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The data indicated a significantly higher readability level than the one assigned by the publisher. This study suggests that teachers should be cautious when choosing reading materials for their students. They should not assume that the readability level that is assigned by the publisher is accurate throughout the textbook. Some "collections of literature" that are found in basals may contain material that is at the students' frustration level more often than not.