• Main Street, Marion, and Miscegenation: The Warren Harding Race Rumor and the Social Construction of Race and Marriage

      Parker, Alison; O'Brien, Kenneth; Lang, Stephen K.; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      In the final weeks of the 1920 presidential election campaign, an eccentric college professor from Ohio, William Estabrook Chancellor, distributed a series of leaflets across the Midwest that claimed the Republican candidate and future president, Warren G. Harding, was racially “impure.” Much has been written about Chancellor, his racist theories, which were based on the “scientific racism” of the time, and his relationship to the Democratic Party. What has not been examined, however, is how his allegations about Harding were connected broadly to the social construction of whiteness in America in the twentieth century. In this context, the Harding race rumor is not at all a marginal moment in the history of the twenty-ninth president. Rather, it helps to show that Warren Harding's experience with the race dichotomy of the early twentieth century had much in common with that of other persons accused of mixed-race status at the time. Harding's extended family members were put under severe risk of being discredited and disenfranchised in a nation where it only took a hint of white racial “impurity” to deprive a person of the privileges of whiteness. As such, there is ample reason to reconsider the ways we remember Warren Harding's life and presidency
    • Maintaining Untraditional Virginity

      Hurd, Ashley Norris; The College at Brockport (2009-09-01)
      Ovid's Metamorphoses contains a world full of supernatural beings, violent confrontations, and scandalous relationships. Many myths contain stories of sexual pursuits, which often involve a god lusting after a young virgin. Those tales establish the fragility of virginity within the poem, especially when a female is a beautiful huntress. According to those factors, Diana, the virgin goddess of the hunt, should be unable to maintain her virginity. However, she defies convention and keeps her virginity, despite the many factors within her life that align her with the sexual pursued females. Because of that, Diana stands out among gods and mortals alike as a superior being whose life does not follow the standard rules of her world. In a similar manner, the Cullen family from Stephenie Meyer's Twilight maintains their own brand of virginity by choosing to drink animal blood instead of human blood. They defy the conventions of their species and live as a part of human society. Although the Cullens possess a different type of virginity than Diana, there are striking similarities between the vampires and the goddess. Through their virgin connection, the two texts demonstrate the universality of the conception of virginity and the complexity that can come with it.
    • Major College Basketball in the United States: Morality, Amateurism, and Hypocrisies

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2011-01-01)
      The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and member institutions’ presentation of major college basketball in the United States as an endeavor of amateurism is contradictory to the realities of college basketball. Discussed are the following amateurism related hypocrisies: a) requiring players to fully engage in formally structured basketball activities as a priority over education, b) expansion of the post season March Madness tournament regardless of the fact that players will miss more classes, c) compensating basketball coaches with salaries contingent on success defined by winning, and d) the athletic scholarship. Literature supports amateurism hypocrisies in major college basketball (Bermuda 2010, Colombo 2010, Sundram 2010). Understanding the effect of NCAA and member institution hypocritical behavior on determining the moral standing of major college basketball is discussed in the context of claims by Grant (1997), that Machiavelli recognized the necessity of political hypocrisy. A utilitarian analysis using Jeremy Bentham’s holistic utilitarian approach calling for the agent to “sum up all the values of all the pleasures on the one side, and those of all the pains on the other” (p. 39) to determine the degree of morality, indicates a presence of morality in major college basketball. Under the premise that major college basketball is an extension of core values held by higher education, Aristotle’s Golden Mean (Aristotle, 1941) is used to help identify a point of balanced moral perspective concerning sentiments of the sporting community held for the sport. The end goal is to maintain major college basketball’s strong level of satisfaction among members of the sporting community, while controlling the false representation of amateurism surrounding it to preserve the moral and structural integrity of major college basketball.
    • Make America Curious Again: Integrating Feminism into Undergraduate International Relations Studies

      Schroeder, Tambria (2017-09-07)
      The systems and institutions that exist in our country are strategically designed to maintain patriarchy and privileged masculinity. Complacency of the majority ensures that these structures remain intact. In this paper, I consider the exclusion of feminism and discussions of gender from undergraduate political science and international studies courses, and why it is critical for us to be paying attention to it now perhaps more than ever before. I suggest that this exclusion only helps to ensure that patriarchal dominance continues into the future. We have the potential to change by adopting a more curious mindset.
    • Make-Believe and Its Role in Pictorial Representation and the Acquisition of Knowledge

      Walton, Kendall L.; University of Michigan (1992-01-01)
      Pictures are not merely imitations of visual forms, nor are they merely signs that signify or stand for things of the kind they represent. Pictures, like hobby horses, are props in games of make-believe in which people participate visually, and also psychologically.
    • Making Confessions: The Confessional Voice Found Among Literary Genres

      Harrod, Mary Beth; The College at Brockport (2007-05-12)
      This graduate thesis will explore the term "confessional" and its application to literature. The term "confessional" varies; confessional writing can take different forms in different genres. In this thesis, works by contemporary authors of personal lyric poetry, memoir, and fiction are discussed and an investigation of confessional writing within their work is undertaken. While not all authors use a direct confessional voice, the overall effect of their writing creates an intimate space between the writer and reader. A sense of self-reflection on the part of the author gives a confessional feel to his or her work. While the lines of literary conventions separate genres, confessional writing tends to blur those lines by bringing the message of the work to the forefront. A piece of literature said to be of a particular genre is challenged when one discovers a confessional voice, as it weaves itself among genres and changes the face of the genre itself. While the confessional voice may be less pronounced in fiction, when we think we hear it speaking, albeit unconsciously on the part of the writer, the same effect takes place: writer and reader become engaged in a communicative relationship that reveals secrets of the heart. In exploring personal lyric poetry and memoir of Gregory Orr, personal lyric poetry of Linda Gregerson and Frank Bidart, short stories and essays by Susan Sontag, and finally, the short stories, essays, and letters of Flannery O'Connor, confessional writing proves to be ambiguous in meaning and difficult to define; nevertheless, each author uniquely incorporates varying degrees of confessionalism to achieve a sense of intimacy that is not a result of the genre they are working in, but in how they say what they do within the genre they have chosen to write in.
    • Making Connections: An Essay on Creativity in Science and Poetry

      Tilghman, B. R.; Kansas State University (1986-01-01)
    • Making Decisions About Nonpoint Source Pollution

      Point/Nonpoint Source Trading Program for Dillon Reservoir and Planned Extensions for Other Areas (p. 413) Optimizing Point/Nonpoint Source Tradeoff in the Holston River Near Kingsport, Tennessee (p. 417) Protecting Tillamook Bay Shellfish with Point/Nonpoint Source Controls (p. 425) Point/Nonpoint Source Interface Issues in Wisconsin (p. 426)
    • Making Healthy Babies: The Role of a Mother’s Education

      Adjei, Anabel (2019-01-01)
      The purpose of this research is to synthesize information that expectant parents can use in promoting long term health benefits, both for themselves and their new born baby. To achieve this, an extensive review of the literature review was conducted to identify the most up- to date peer- reviewed information on how the mother’s attitude and lifestyle choices play a role in their health, and how these decisions could ultimately determine their newborns long-term well- being as well. This literature review identifies several important themes for expectant parents and other stakeholders. These themes include: the role of education, prenatal nutrition, behavior, immunization and exercise during pregnancy.
    • Making It Real: Using a Collaborative Simulation to Teach Crisis Communications

      Olson, Karen S.; The College at Brockport (2012-01-01)
      Even seasoned public relations (PR) practitioners can find it difficult to handle communications during a crisis situation when the consequences of making poor decisions may seem overwhelming. This article shares results from using a collaborative simulation to teach college students about crisis communications in an advanced-level PR course. During this experiential-learning activity, students confront responsibilities and make decisions faced by PR professionals as they deal with a client’s crisis and plan a news conference that is attended by journalism students. During the simulation, students have many opportunities to “fail,” yet succeed at the same time. They also learn valuable lessons that stay with them years afterward.
    • Making Percents Make Sense

      Abbott, Melissa Leigh; The College at Brockport (2008-08-01)
      Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing so without the aid of technology. The average middle school student not only struggles with mathematic concepts and their application in real world situations but vocabulary and reading comprehension as well. This double challenge exacerbates the difficulty of instruction and application of lessons such as percentages. This thesis project explores different strategies for student understanding and engagement with a foundational mathematics concept, percentages. It looks at the literary and reading comprehension effects on teaching math as it impacts student acquisition of this particular subject. The research literature reviews the idea of mathematic concept comprehension as a necessary life-long skill beyond the math classroom. It highlights the partnership of reading comprehension and academic success in math. The project includes a curriculum unit for teaching percentages which incorporates visual aids, hands on activities, and different literacy techniques. A two week unit on percentages was taught in a rural middle school, eighth grade classroom of eighteen students. Conclusions observed from student testing comparisons showed not only increased understanding of the percentages unit material but student engagement was also noted as participants were able to articulate added understanding of life application for this skill.
    • Maladaptive Behavior in College Students and Breaking Student Codes of Conduct

      Dauenhauer, Kristin C.; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of conduct interventions to deter recidivism among college students. Colleges and universities have adopted student codes of conduct in an attempt to manage the college environment. A 12-item conduct effectiveness survey was emailed to students who had been found responsible of breaking the student code of conduct. Findings showed a 19% recidivism rate and that students who engaged in community service, attended a civility workshop, or lost residence hall privileges were less likely to violate the code a second time. Twenty-two percent of students reported an attitude change regarding alcohol and drug use post intervention and students who were mandated to individual counseling were more likely to report an attitude change. A one size fits all approach to alcohol polices, prevention programs, and intervention strategies may not be an effective way to address problematic drinking on college campuses.
    • Male County Correctional Facility Inmates' Attitudes Towards Male Sexual Assault and Sexual Assault Services

      Aycock, April C.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Male rape is a topic that has been neglected both in society and in research. When male rape is researched it focuses on male to male prison rape while neglecting treatment options for the male rape victims. An anonymous survey was distributed to 85 male inmates in a northeast correctional facility. Quantitative data was collected and analyzed from 51 male inmates. This research examined male inmates' attitudes towards male rape and the rape crisis services provided. The findings of this research helped to identify barriers that prohibit male victims from seeking rape crisis services.
    • Male Influence on the Neuro-Endocrine Control of Egg Production in the Female Milkweed Bug, Oncopeltus fasciatus - Dallas

      Herbert, James Michael; The College at Brockport (1972-01-01)
      The reproductive activity of male and female milkweed bugs is characterized by repeated, prolonged copulations during the whole adult life. This investigation was conducted to determine whether mating has any effect on egg reproduction. Virgin females were maintained under the three following conditions: 1) completely isolated from males, 2) visual contact with males through screening which prevented mating, and 3) physical access to one or two males at all times. The results in terms of number of eggs produced by females in each treatment demonstrates that egg production increased significantly when copulation could occur. It is postulated that in Oncopeltus fasciatus the actual physical stimulation of the female reproductive tract by the male during copulation initiates impulses in the ventral nerve cord which activate neurosecretory cells of the brain. Brain hormones activate the corpora cardiac and corpora allata to produce factors which stimulate protein synthesis in the fat body and yolk deposition in the ovary with a consequent increase in egg production.
    • Man Hours: The Construction of a Poet

      Gardner, Kevin; The College at Brockport (2010-10-04)
      Man Hours : the Construction of a Poet is a collection of Kevin Gardner's work designed to display the creative tools acquired in pursuit of a Master's Degree in English, with a concentration in Creative Writing, at SUNY Brockport. This thesis attempts to take a close look at Gardner's work in an effort to showcase these skills. As a more seasoned student of writing, significant and extensive life experience plays a key role in this collection. Growing up in the 1960s and 1970s, along with years of working in the construction industry, has influenced this collection in ways that supplement elements learned in the classroom. It is also the author's attempt to examine and present these influences in a way that shows the blending of life experience and higher education to create poetry that has meaning while appealing to a broad audience.
    • Man's Search for Freedom: A Continuing Theme in the Poetry of William Wordsworth and Robert Frost

      Maier, Anne C.; The College at Brockport (1982-01-01)
      As man searches for personal freedom he is confronted with limitations which not only complicate his quest, but remind him of his fragile human condition. The more he struggles with these limitations the more he questions the reality of ultimate freedom. In the following thesis selected poems of William Wordsworth and Robert Frost are used to define man's limitations and illustrate the various ways man attempts to overcome them. The first chapter explores some of the ways man limits his own personal growth. An individual's fear, indecision, and lack of creativity, for example, often prevent him from moving forward in the direction of freedom. This discussion leads to the matter of how man is limited by other men, both in the problems created by personal relationships and society as a whole. The third and fourth chapters present those limitations which are imposed on man by the greater forces of Nature, Time, and Space. Man's inability to overcome the power of Nature, to control the passing of time, and to fully understand the complexities of the universe, force him to submit to his limited state of existence. Robert Frost suggests a philosophy of simple acceptance. Once man realizes his limitations and learns to live with them, he will find happiness, peace, and a satisfying sense of freedom. Delving too deeply into the mysteries of life is a futile exercise, resulting in frustration and confusion. William Wordsworth, on the other hand, puts faith in the power of the imagination as the key to freedom. Once the imagination is discovered and developed by the guiding hand of Nature, man is no longer a limited being. His imagination provides him the freedom· to view the world creatively and attain joy and peace in his earthly life. Placing the works of two poets of two completely different literary periods side by side, supports the idea that man continually contemplates his limited existence. Furthermore, each poet offers the hope that man can indeed live happily despite his limitations.
    • Management Approaches for the Control of Aquatic Plants

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Beckstrand, Daina; Bosch, Isidro; SUNY Geneseo; The College at Brockport (1999-09-01)
      This guide is designed to provide information on the ecological values and problems associated with aquatic macrophytes, to present methods used to control the troublesome species, and to provide suggestions on how to implement a lake management plan that would deal with macrophytes as legally and as safely as possible.
    • Management Strategy for Oneida Lake

      Many people throughout the Oneida Lake watershed community have been working hard over the past several years to improve and protect Oneida Lake and its tributaries. This has involved extensive planning, creative program implementation, comprehensive data collection and analysis, and the development of professional partnerships leading to improved cost effectiveness and program effictency. The Central New York Regional Planning and Development Board (CNY RPDB) was responsible for coordinating the Oneida Lake Watershed Management Plan and worked with many watershed stakeholders to reach a diverse set of program goals. This has been an action-oriented, local level initiative involving extensive data collection and analysis, identification of priority issues, and the selection of opportunities for effective solutions. This report, A Management Strategy for Oneida Lake and Its Watershed (Strategy), contains a description of the environmental setting and cultural influences, background information on the priority water resource issues of concern, and recommendations to address these problems. The Strategy also presents a summary of the additional work (such as monitoring and education projects) that was accomplished as part of the watershed management plan over the past 3 Y2 years. Eight priority lake and watershed problem areas were initially identified through municipal surveys, stakeholder discussion groups, public comment meetings, and input from county Water Quality Coordinating Committees. Community leaders and agency representatives then met on a regular basis as "Working Groups" during 2003 and 2004 to compile background information and identify short and long-term goals for each of these issues. Recommendations were also developed for the long-term protection and enhancement of Oneida Lake and its tributaries. The findings were reviewed and endorsed by the Watershed Advisory Council and were then presented at six public meetings throughout the watershed. The findings from this effort are presented in this report. A Management Strategy for Oneida Lake and Its Watershed also provides information about the environmental and economic setting throughout the watershed. This information was taken from The Oneida Lake State of the Lake and Watershed Report (SOLWR) that was published in 2003. The SOLWR serves as a reference for local decision-makers. It is used in the identification and prioritization of goals and in the development of action plans for the protection of surface water and groundwater resources. Many watershed partners contributed to the collection of information for the SOL WR, which is now available at municipal offices, public libraries, and agencies throughout the watershed. It can also be found on the Internet at www .cnyrpdb.org/oneidalake.
    • Managing a Retirement Portfolio: Do Annuities Provide More Safety?

      Spitzer, John J.; The College at Brockport (2009-07-01)
      Even with the generally recognized “safe” withdrawal amount of 4% of the retirement portfolio starting balance, more than 5% of retirement portfolios will run out of money over a 30-year period. Bootstrap simulations were used to estimate the probability of outliving a retirement portfolio as increasing proportions of a tax-deferred account are annuitized. The impacts of Required Minimum Distributions and taxable Social Security income were incorporated into the analysis. Results indicate that annuities significantly extend the length of time the portfolio lasts, but the expected balance remaining (estate size) will decrease substantially, a trade-off of security versus a legacy. Advisors and planners may find the graphical exposition helpful when showing clients different tradeoff options.
    • Managing a Retirement Portfolio: Do Annuities Provide More Safety?

      Spitzer, John J.; The College at Brockport (2009-07-01)
      Even with the generally recognized “safe” withdrawal amount of 4% of the retirement portfolio starting balance, more than 5% of retirement portfolios will run out of money over a 30-year period. Bootstrap simulations were used to estimate the probability of outliving a retirement portfolio as increasing proportions of a tax-deferred account are annuitized. The impacts of Required Minimum Distributions and taxable Social Security income were incorporated into the analysis. Results indicate that annuities significantly extend the length of time the portfolio lasts, but the expected balance remaining (estate size) will decrease substantially, a trade-off of security versus a legacy. Advisors and planners may find the graphical exposition helpful when showing clients different tradeoff options.