• Gaining Perspective: Social Media’s Impact on Adolescent Literacy Development

      Olmstead, Kathleen; Swan, Kayla (2017-05-12)
      This qualitative study explores both teacher and student perspectives of social media’s impact on adolescent literacy development. In addition, it also investigates perspectives concerning if and how social media could be integrated into a classroom to improve student literacy skills. Research remains in dispute regarding the impact of social media use on literacy skills, as there are studies that claim social media both positively and negatively impacts students’ skills. Surveys of both teachers and students as well as semi-structured interviews of students were given and analyzed to gain insight concerning both the impact of social media on literacy skills, as well as if and how social media could be used in the classroom.
    • Gaining Perspectives From Teachers, Students, and Parents about the Effectiveness of Looping in the Rochester City School District

      Bivone, Antonella; The College at Brockport (2000-05-01)
      The purpose of this study was to reveal the effectiveness of looping grades according to the perspectives of teachers, students, and parents in the Rochester City School District. The participants had all experienced looping in the past. The study analyzed and categorized responses given by these participants to various questions developed by the researcher. Eight teachers, 16 elementary school students, and 16 parents participated in this study. Data were gathered from the participants through written surveys and phone interviews. Various questions about the participants' looping experiences were asked. The research question was: What are the commonly reported strengths and weaknesses of looping by teachers, students, and parents? After all the data were gathered, the responses were placed into categories where strengths and weaknesses of looping could be noted.
    • Gamification Through Algebraic Coding

      Wade, Carol H.; Serpe, Rachel L. (2017-01-10)
      From an urban high school in upstate New York, gamification was introduced through coding to teach an Algebra I unit. The Value Instrumentality Expectancy (VIE) Theory was used to measure motivation to determine if learning coding by gamifying a unit and applying it in the computer lab motivated students to learn Algebra I content. There was a significant increase in each motivational construct. This implies that if teachers dedicate themselves to learn coding and the pedagogical knowledge needed to teach a gamified unit, then there can be an increase in motivation to learn Algebra I content.
    • Gandhi, Newton and the Enlightenment

      Bilgrami, Akeel; Columbia University (2008-09-01)
      Gandhi expressed opposition to the Enlightenment and even to science. His view is best understood in the context of a radical critique of a certain orthodoxy that emerged after the Enlightenment. That orthodoxy insists that we take a detached, impersonal standpoint in relation to nature. By contrast, Gandhi and his forebears in the radical enlightenment see nature as suffused with value, and allow us to approach nature from the first-person point of view.
    • “Gaps” in Intelligence Communications

      McGuire, Donald V.; The College at Brockport (2000-01-01)
      Information is particularly crucial within the military, where the results of miscommunication can be devastating. This master thesis explores the flow of information within the United States Air Force. The author is an intelligence operations officer and he relates his experiences, detailing many of the difficulties that exist in relaying information, and how these difficulties are dealt with. Difficulties explored within this thesis include the heavy use of acronyms and jargon within the military that can be confusing, especially to new recruits and people with no prior military training, as well as working with different commanders, or detailing information outside of the author’s own area of expertise. As a result, preparation for a briefing is widely dependent upon the composition of the audience. The thesis includes four sample modules to illustrate the differences between a situation briefing before and after revisions are made to make accommodations according to the target audience.
    • Gas Relationships

      Betancourt, Juan; The College at Brockport (2006-07-20)
      Students will understand the behavior of gases by manipulating a model of gases that changes the variables involved and demonstrate how these variables relate to each other
    • Gastrointestinal (GI) Motility is Unaltered by Feeding in Zebrafish

      Rich, Adam; Diamond, Amanda Marie; The College at Brockport (2012-08-08)
      Gastrointestinal motility patterns in humans are not constant and respond to the luminal contents and nutrient status (Degen and Phillips, 1996). The zebrafish is a new model system for human GI motility and regulation of motility patterns appears to be controlled by enteric neurons and interstitial cells of Cajal (Huizinga et al., 1995, Farrugia et. al., 2003, Sanders et.al., 2006, Rich et. al., 2007). Although several research laboratories investigate GI motility in zebrafish larvae, no standard protocol for feeding exists and experiments may be performed on fasted or fed larvae. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of feeding on GI motility when ICC and enteric neurons are developed and regulate GI motor patterns in larvae, at 7 days post fertilization ( dpt) (Rich et. al., 2007). Larvae were fasted or fed once daily beginning at 5 dpf. At 7 dpf larvae were fed dry food labeled with FITC-dextran and GI motility was measured using time-lapse imaging and image analysis techniques. Motility was examined in the anterior and the posterior regions of the GI tract. No differences were observed in fish standard length, a developmental marker. The total number and distance of contractions increased in the anterior intestine after feeding. These data suggest that feeding has little influence on GI motility patterns in the posterior intestine. The effects of Cisapride, a prokinetic in humans, was examined and found to increase the contraction number, velocity, and interval. The effects of Niflumic Acid and DIDS were also examined, because anoctamin 1 (ANOl), a chloride-selective channel, has recently been identified as a potential regulator for ICC pacemaker function. Both drugs dramatically reduced the total number of contractions as well as the GI motility index indicating a reduction in coordinated motility patterns. Cisapride, Niflumic Acid, and DIDS have similar effects on GI motility in mice and in the zebrafish, suggesting that similar molecular mechanisms regulate GI motility in zebrafish and mice. The findings contribute to the validation of the zebrafish model system for human GI motility function.
    • Gay New York: From Bars to Bathhouses

      Roberts, Ben; The College at Brockport (2014-08-20)
      This project is an analysis of the manner in which gender identity development was experienced by non-heteronormative people in the first half of the twentieth century, focusing on the experiences of gay men, with particular focus on the life of Anthony (Tony) Mascioli, a Rochester native and 1954 graduate of the Brockport State Teacher’s College , now The College at Brockport. Tony’s journey from a lower middle class, socially conservative, and mostly closeted lifestyle, to an upper class, extremely liberal, and totally open gay lifestyle sheds light on the manner in which American society’s view of homosexuality has evolved and on how heterosexism and classism intersect in both Tony’s life and in the formation of gay male identity as a whole. This research includes analysis of gay history, theories of gender identity and development, and personal experiences of identity as related in interviews and personal histories.
    • Gaze Types in D. H. Lawrence's The Rainbow and Women in Love

      Yarington, Earl F.; The College at Brockport (2000-05-01)
      This thesis project, centered on D. H. Lawrence’s The Rainbow and Women in Love, examines how the major characters in these narratives represent the “gaze” among themselves, and how Lawrence influences the reader's sight by his construction of the “narrative gaze.” The concept of the “narrative gaze” is defined and discussed and the project examines the idea of the “gaze,” as a trigger for sexuality, which plays a major role among Lawrence's characters because it can either hinder or assist in each character's and reader's stability as a spiritual and physical being. It further argues that, in order for the reader to understand how characters “gaze” upon one another, they must be assisted by the narrator in obtaining a visual picture of the characters and their actions.
    • “Gender (As Constant) Labor”: A Consciousness Raising Dialogue on Transfeminist Scholarship and Organizing

      White, Melissa Autumn; Hobart and William Smith Colleges (2017-12-06)
      This co-authored essay draws on student research conducted for an upper-level course called Trans*Studies that was originally presented at the Seneca Falls Dialogues Conference in October 2016. Drawing on Jane Ward's generative concept of "gender labor", our Dialogue highlights the material effects of representational politics, and articulates the need to centre a transfeminist critique of normative regimes of power, including the representation of "women's" history in the United States.
    • Gender Differences in Young Children's Perceptions of Writing, Writing Characteristics, and Knowledge of Production Rules in Writing

      Linn, Jeffrey B.; Smith, Luther E.; Baker, Patricia E.; Bezio, Jeanne; The College at Brockport (1996-10-01)
      Research has shown that children come to school with preexisting knowledge about writing. It is therefore essential for teachers to observe their students to learn what knowledge they already possess and to plan their lessons accordingly. The author asks whether there are differences between how boys and girls perceive the writing process, whether there are differences between the characteristics of boys’ and girls’ writing samples and episodes, and whether there are differences between boys’ and girls’ knowledge of production rules in writing. A subject pool of 34 children were selected and were given two interviews in which they completed writing tasks and answered questions from the author. The results of these interviews were collected and analyzed by type of response given. The author found that while many children just beginning school do not yet have a clear definition of writing, more girls than boys seem to have a closer perception of what writing is. Similarly, girls were seemingly more perceptive to the purposes of writing, though a majority of both perceived it as relatively easy. Lastly, the writing tests suggest that girls may obtain knowledge of writing’s production rules sooner than boys. The author argues that further research is needed to verify their findings and to better understand the role of families and teachers in a child’s writing development.
    • Gender Power and Social Class: The Role of Women in James Fenimore Cooper's The Pathfinder, Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hour

      Zeitvogel, Chuck; The College at Brockport (2004-11-22)
      This thesis deals with the role Cooper's female characters play in his novels of manners and social class. Though Cooper is best known for his Leatherstocking Tales and other novels of romantic adventure, he was also a critic of American society. Through his novels Cooper clearly illustrated what he believed were the proper gender roles for men and women. He also used his novels to show his frustration about changes in societal order. His writing was his way of coping with America's shift of power from the landed genteel class to the urban factory owner class. This thesis incorporates four of Cooper's lesser studied novels: The Pathfinder. Homeward Bound, Home as Found, and The Ways of the Hours. In each of these novels Cooper uses gender roles and social class to express his views of the ideal American society. The gender roles Cooper establishes are clear. Female characters are only allowed to wield power in small, enclosed spaces, or in life or death situations. Occasionally Cooper may grant female characters more power, but only if they are away from society, in the wilderness for example, or when there is no chance of them usurping power from men. Male characters, on the other hand, control all social spaces and political power. Although many scholars either attack Cooper's novels of social criticism, calling them the rants of a bitter man, or ignore them altogether, this is a gross injustice. Cooper was not a bitter man. He was a man living through a time of social change. Unfortunately he was not ready or able to cope with those changes. His novels are his attempt to cope with social change as best he could.
    • Gender’s Impact on Majors in Higher Education: The Causes and the Consequences

      Nau, Kelsi (2018-08-27)
      This paper looks at gender segregation in higher education. I am examining why certain majors are perceived as feminine and masculine, and what students experience when they study fields that do not socially align with their gender. I also summarize the impact gender socialization has on men and women choosing their fields of study and the consequences higher education gender segregation has beyond college. Feminine and masculine should not be labels affiliated with majors and they should not be a precursor for determining the value of majors.
    • Generalized Schwarz-Pick Estimates

      MacCluer, Barbara D.; Stroethoff, Karel; Zhao, Ruhan; The College at Brockport (2002-06-12)
      We obtain higher derivative generalizations of the Schwarz-Pick inequality for analytic self-maps of the unit disk as a consequence of recent characterizations of boundedness and compactness of weighted composition operators between Bloch-type spaces.
    • Genesee River Lake Sturgeon Project

      2005-01-01
      Fact sheet on lake sturgeon and a survey of them in Genesee River.
    • Genesee River Monroe County, New York

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Nowak, Matthew J.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      Originating in Potter County, Pennsylvania, the Genesee River travels 157 miles northward before emptying into the Rochester Embayment at the Port of Rochester on Lake Ontario. The 2,500-mi watershed of the Genesee River is predominately in agriculture and forest until it reaches the suburban urban environment of the City of Rochester, New York. Several wastewater plants, including Eastman Kodak’s industrial waste plant (King’s Landing) and Scottsville, and Honeoye Falls sewage treatment plants, discharge into the river. Just west and east of the outfall of the Genesee River into Lake Ontario are Charlotte and Durand Eastman Beaches that are periodically closed due to nuisance algae, bacterial abundance, and algal mat development along the southern shoreline of Lake Ontario. The Genesee River is also a major point of access to Lake Ontario and has over 1000 boat slips. The Genesee River’s high flow makes it a key contributor to the water quality of the Rochester Embayment in the nearshore zone. This short report provides a synopsis of data collected monthly from May through September (2003 to 2009) on the water quality of the Genesee River and the lakeside (swimmable depth) of Lake Ontario near the mouth of the river.
    • Genesee River Watershed Project. Volume 2. Water Quality Analysis of the Upper Genesee River Watershed: Nutrient Concentration and Loading, Identification of Point and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution, Total Maximum Daily Load, and an Assessment of Management Practices using the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Model. A report to the USDA.

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; Snyder, Blake; Smith, William B.; The College at Brockport (2013-01-01)
      An assessment of the Upper Genesee River (UGR) watershed was undertaken to determine sources of nutrient and sediment loss geospatially within the Upper Genesee River watershed and to determine the nutrient and sediment contribution (load) of this segment to the Lower Middle Main Stem of the Genesee River. To accomplish this task, a multifaceted, integrated approach was taken by a combination of monitoring, segment analysis, and modeling (Soil and Water Assessment Tool). To achieve this goal, the river was routinely monitored for discharge, water chemistry, and loss of nutrients and soil for an entire year (3 August 2010 to 23 August 2011) at the USGS gauging station at Wellsville and at Portageville, NY. The Upper Genesee River Soil and Water Assessment Tool (UGR-SWAT) model was created, calibrated, and verified for discharge, sediment, and phosphorus loss using these data. Based on the measured loading data to a subbasin outlet and the SWAT model, segment analysis was performed on selected subwatersheds to determine sources of material loss. The information derived from segment analysis, the SWAT model, and the total amount of nutrients, sediments, and bacteria lost from the watershed served to direct watershed management. Lastly, the UGR-SWAT model was employed to test the effectiveness of BMPs on land use and to determine the minimum potential phosphorus concentration expected in a forested Upper Genesee River watershed as a nutrient target for TMDL development.
    • Genesee River Watershed Project. Volume 3. Water Quality Analysis of the Honeoye Creek Watershed: Nutrient Concentration and Loading, Identification of Point and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution, Total Maximum Daily Load, and an Assessment of Management Practices using the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Model. A report to the USDA.

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; Snyder, Blake; The College at Brockport (2013-01-01)
      An assessment of the Honeoye Creek watershed was undertaken to determine the nutrient and sediment contribution to the Lower Middle Main Stem of the Genesee River and to determine sources of nutrient and sediment loss geospatially within the Honeoye Creek watershed. To accomplish this task, a multifaceted, integrated approach was taken by a combination of monitoring, segment analysis, and modeling (Soil and Water Assessment Tool). Thus, the river was monitored for discharge, water chemistry, and loss of nutrients and soil for an entire year (3 August 2010 to 23 August 2011) at the USGS gauging station at Honeoye Falls and Golah, NY. The Honeoye Creek Soil and Water Assessment Tool (HCSWAT) model was created, calibrated, and verified for discharge, sediment, and P loss using these data. Based on the measured loading data to a subbasin outlet and the SWAT model, segment analysis was performed on selected subwatersheds to determine sources of material loss. Together these two bodies of information, the total amount of nutrients, sediments, and bacteria lost from the watershed and the sources of these losses, served to direct watershed management. Lastly, the HCSWAT model was employed to test the effectiveness of Best Management Practices (BMPs) on land use and to determine the minimum potential P concentration expected in a forested Honeoye Creek watershed. Although Honeoye Creek is not one of the most impacted tributaries within the Genesee River basin, it does contribute a significant amount of P to the Genesee River. This study quantified the total loss of nutrients and sediments from the Honeoye Creek watershed, identified the location of point and nonpoint sources of nutrients and sediment, and determined the most effective practices to manage these sources using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). A water quality target of 65 ?g P/L for P in streams is obtainable by upgrading Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) in the Honeoye Creek watershed. To achieve the 45-?g P/L standard, management practices targeting nonpoint sources caused by agriculture would be needed in addition to the upgrade of the WWTPs to tertiary cleanup.
    • Genesee River Watershed Project. Volume 5. Water Quality Analysis of the Canaseraga Creek Watershed Nutrient Concentration and Loading, Identification of Point and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution, Total Maximum Daily Load, and an Assessment of Management Practices using the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Model. A report to the USDA.

      Rea, Evan; Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (2013-01-01)
      An assessment of the Canaseraga Creek watershed was undertaken to determine the nutrient and sediment contribution to the Lower Middle Main Stem of the Genesee River and to determine sources of nutrient and sediment loss geospatially within the Canaseraga Creek watershed. To accomplish this task, a multifaceted, integrated approach was taken by a combination of monitoring, segment analysis, and modeling (Soil and Water Assessment Tool). Thus, the river was monitored for discharge, water chemistry, and loss of nutrients and soil for an entire year (3 August 2010 to 14 February 2012) at the USGS stations at Shaker’s Crossing and Dansville, NY. The Canaseraga Creek Soil and Water Assessment Tool (CCSWAT) model was created, calibrated, and verified for discharge, sediment, and P loss using these data. Based on the measured loading data to a subbasin outlet and the SWAT model, segment analysis was performed on selected subwatersheds to determine sources of material loss. Together these two bodies of information, the total amount of nutrients, sediments, and bacteria lost from the watershed and the sources of these losses, served to direct watershed management. Lastly, the CCSWAT model was employed to test the effectiveness of Best Management Practices (BMPs) on land use and to determine the minimum potential P concentration expected in a forested Canaseraga Creek watershed. With approximately 76.7% of its phosphorus load from anthropogenic sources, the largest subbasin (88,578 ha) of the Genesee River, Canaseraga Creek, should be a high priority for water quality remediation. Reducing phosphorus loads from Canaseraga Creek into the Genesee River is an important step to reduce the impact that the Genesee River has on water quality in the nearshore zone of Lake Ontario. In general, nonpoint sources of agriculture were identified as the leading cause of phosphorus loss in Canaseraga Creek through segment analysis, determination of weekly and event water chemistry, and integration into the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model. Of the various BMPs simulated throughout the whole watershed, grassed waterways were the most effective in reducing TP loading (44.8% reduction) and reducing TP concentration (69.9 ?g P/L) at Shaker’s Crossing. But grassed waterways by themselves did not reach either of the target (45 and 65 ?g P/L) TP concentrations. Simulations combining grassed waterways with upgraded (tertiary) WWTPs foe the entire watershed resulted in a decreased P concentration of 49.7 ?g P/L at Shaker’s Crossing. This simulation suggested a 65 ?g P/L is a realistic target concentration and that the 45-?g P/L target may be met with more stringent BMPs. A less costly approach is to focus remediation to a smaller area known to deliver P to the streams. For example, by implementing grassed waterways in the impacted tributaries of Twomile and Buck Run Creeks and the Groveland Flats area, by implementing streambank stabilization in highly erodible main stem areas, and by upgrading WWTPs to tertiary treatment (Tributary Remediation 3), the CCSWAT model predicted a reduction in TP concentration from 104.3 to 71.6 ?g P/L.
    • Genesee River Watershed Project. Water Quality Analysis of the Oatka Creek Watershed. Volume 6. Nutrient Concentration and Loading, Identification of Point and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution, Total Maximum Daily Load, and an Assessment of Management Practices using the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) Model. A report to the USDA.

      Pettenski, Dale; Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Lewis, Theodore W.; The College at Brockport (2013-01-01)
      Oatka Creek is the second largest tributary of the Genesee River and is a highly prized trout fishery. The Oatka Creek portion of the Genesee River Project Study focused on identifying nonpoint and point sources, locating and quantifying the nutrient and sediment losses from Oatka Creek watershed, and through simulation identifying possible remediation or management practices. To accomplish this task, a multifaceted, integrated approach was taken by combining stream monitoring, segment analysis, and hydrologic modeling [Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)]. Runoff from nonpoint sources (Confined Animal Feeding Operation sites, agricultural practices, and urban areas) and point sources (wastewater treatment plants and State Pollution Discharge Elimination Sites), all anthropogenic sources, accounts for ~70% of the phosphorus load of Oatka Creek, suggesting improvements in stream water quality are possible. The most effective management recommendation to reduce the overall total phosphorus loading in Oatka Creek is to upgrade all four wastewater treatment plants (Warsaw, Pavilion, Leroy, and Scottsville) to tertiary treatment systems. Other effective management recommendations focused on nonpoint sources such as grassed waterways, buffer strips, and cover crops within the two most impaired tributaries (Wyoming Road and Roanoke Road) in the Oatka Creek watershed. Either or both practices together would significantly improve the water quality in the Oatka Creek watershed by reducing the average annual P concentration to below the 45-?g P/L target. Portions of the creek are experiencing stream bank soil erosion. Stream bank stabilization techniques, some already implemented, would have a beneficial impact on reducing the total phosphorus and total suspended solids loading in this segment of Oatka Creek.