Browsing SUNY Brockport by Subject "Quality"
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Effectiveness of gluten-free and casein-free diets for individuals with autism spectrum disorders: An evidence-based research synthesis.In order to better assist practitioners and better serve persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their families, it is vital for professionals to systematically evaluate the existing body of literature and synthesize its scientific evidence, so that the efficacy of research can be translated to evidence-based practices (EBPs) (Wheeler, 2007; Zhang & Wheeler, 2011). This research synthesis evaluated adherence to EBP standards and analyzed the effectiveness of gluten-free and casein-free (GFCF) diets for individuals with ASD. Four hundred and seventy articles were screened among peer-reviewed journals in English language published through 2010 using the Academic Search Complete search database. Twenty-three studies were selected, and the researchers used a systematic analysis model developed by Mayton, Wheeler, Menendez, and Zhang (2010) to investigate the degree of adherence to specific evidence-based practice standards. In addition, the study utilized quality indicators proposed by (a)Horner et al (2005) for single-subject design studies and (b) Gersten et al. (2005) for group experimental design, to evaluate the efficacy of GFCF diet interventions. Results of this synthesis indicated that the efficacy of GFCF diet interventions for individuals with ASD is inconclusive, and the field needs better controlled studies to provide the scientific evidence base for the intervention.
Evaluating Phonics Games for Authentic Literacy Experience?sThis study examines phonics instruction in a first grade classroom. Using phonics games from the Pinnell and Fountas Phonics Bundle - Grade 1 (2003), a small group of participants were taught specific phonics skills to support literacy development. The games were analyzed through an Instructional Phonics Game rubric designed to examine the effectiveness and quality of each game as it relates to literacy development. Participants were observed, interviewed, and assessed in order to collect data that supports how the phonics games may have impacted learning. Data was collected, analyzed, and presented through individual case studies, as well as through larger trends.
Examining the Relationship Between Sleep and Athletic PerformanceSleep has been regarded in recent years as an important factor in the improvement of athletic performance. The distinction, however, between what is necessary for a normative population and what is optimal for an elite athlete population relative to both quality and quantity of sleep is not clear. Therefore, this synthesis reviewed literature concerning how sleep can impact performance, the areas of performance it most impacts and the methods of improving sleep for athletes, in order to aid their performance. Data was collected primarily using the sport-centered SPORTDiscus database through SUNY Brockport’s Drake Memorial Library database, EBSCO. Key words were utilized in order to develop a critical mass of 10 articles used to answer the following five research questions: (a) Does the number of hours of sleep impact performance, (b) Does the quality of the amount of sleep obtained impact performance, (c) What physiological aspects of athletic performance does sleep most impact, (d) What cognitive aspects of athletic performance does sleep most impact, and (e) What are practical applications for athletes to improve their sleep habits? Results indicate that an increase in both number of hours and quality of sleep improve athletic performance. The area’s most positively affected are health, avoiding injury and illness, increasing recovery, sports specific competitive advantages, reaction time, and mood while, surprisingly, anaerobic power was not significantly affected. Further research in the subject needs to increase the number of subjects, as well as create a consensus recommendation for the number of hours of sleep athletes need and the way that sleep quality is measured in order to generalize the findings.
International Reflections for United States Health Care ImprovementsIn 2000, the World Health Organization ranked 151 countries based on the quality of their health care systems. Those rankings found the United States of America to be ranked thirty-seventh on the list of countries. The top three ranked countries include France, Italy, and San Marino, respectively. The bottom three countries include the Central African Republic, Myanmar, and Sierra Leone, respectively (Tandon et al., 2000). By looking the health care systems of these countries, it is easy to see what makes a health care system good, or bad. The health care system of the United States of America currently has aspects of both the higher and lower ranked countries. By using the rankings and understanding the health care systems of the other countries, there are some recommendations that can be made in order to improve the current health care system of the United States of America.