• A Normative Plan for Administering an Audio-Visual Program in the Campus School of the State University of New York at Brockport

      Swartout, Sherwin G.; Herman F. Lybarger; Del Rosso, Joseph J.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1957)
      The ability to communicate clearly is essential for teachers to successfully teach students. Audio-visual (AV) materials and services can not only increase learning but also make it more permanent in the mind of the learner. The author seeks to examine Brockport’s Campus School to understand the school’s curriculum, objectives, teaching materials, and audio-visual equipment. Interviews and surveys of administrators, classroom teachers, and audio-visual coordinators were conducted and a catalog was made of the Audio-Visual Program’s organization and present equipment. The author explores the functions of the AV Program, the capabilities of the personnel, its budget, practices, and addresses a number of areas in need of improvement. Practical solutions are recommended with an emphasis on increasing knowledge of the AV department among the school’s teachers and increasing the department’s resources. A mixture of better planning and increased availability will allow AV materials to make a greater contribution to the students of Brockport.
    • The Formation of a Developmental Literature Program for the Intermediate Grade Level at Wheeler Avenue School, Valley Stream, New York

      Dorfman, Harvey A.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1961)
      Strong literacy skills lead to lifelong advantages. This study reviews the ideas and attitudes within the field of children’s literature, and proposes a new developmental literature program for intermediate grades at Wheeler Avenue School. The proposed program differs from the existing programs in its focus on developing students’ literary backgrounds, vs. simply improving students’ reading skills. The author emphasizes cultivating students’ interest in reading through read-alouds and providing them with enjoyable texts, and pays special attention to the importance of literature-based activities, such as puppet shows, choral speaking, and dramatic play.
    • Evolution, The Story of Life

      Incardona, Frank Stephen; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      The prime objective of this paper is to present some of the theories concerning human development beginning with some of the earliest theories and progressing to some of a more recent nature. A general definition of the word evolution means change. There is no doubt that there are many changes occurring about us every day. The evolution with which this paper is concerned is a special kind of change called organic evolution. This subdivision of evolution deals with changes undergone by living things.
    • A Study of the Audio-Visual Program in the Greece Central School District Number 1

      Liberto, S. William F.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      School programs must be evaluated to gauge their effectiveness and provide insight for future direction. This study seeks to evaluate the Audio-Visual program in a public school in Western New York and includes a brief history of the community. The researcher uses a modified Schwartz questionnaire to survey teachers, grade K-11, where employed by the school district during the 1960-61 school year. Results showed that the schools either met or exceeded standards for sufficient equipment, and that over 70% of teachers believed that schools’ audio-visual program was adequate. The researcher suggests further analysis of the schools’ audio-visual philosophy and the development of in-service training programs to improve teacher participation in/perception of the program.
    • Handbook for student-teachers : Abraham Lincoln School : East Irondequoit Central School District #1

      Gefell, Robert H.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      This booklet is directed to you who are about to embark on a career of teaching children. It is intended to help you in your work as a student teacher at Abraham Lincoln School, East Irondequoit Central School District #1. The task of any teacher is to provide situations in which pupils can acquire maximum growth. It is the author's hope that this guide will help you to arrange such conditions early in your student teaching assignment.
    • An Annotated Bibliography on Music and Painting

      McCormick, Addie S.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1962)
      The purpose of the study is to determine how many publications, in the Rochester area libraries, consider the common characteristics of art and music, and to analyze their content for relationships of music to visual art.
    • A Study to Determine the Value and Need of a Vocational Group Guidance Unit at the Eighth Grade Level of Brighton Junior High School Brighton School District One Rochester 18, New York

      Renner, Robert B.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1964)
      Educational systems often struggle to meet the needs of students who fall outside of the average and/or college-bound academic path. This research study examines the effectiveness of the vocational group guidance unit taught to eighth graders in the Brighton No. 1 school system. The author used the results of a pre-test given to 25 eighth graders to create a questionnaire investigating students’ and teachers’ perceptions of the unit. Of 254 eighth grade students, 236 responded to the survey. Results were split by gender and tabulated twice. Then responses were combined and tabulated to provide a check-reference for total responses. Seven teachers were surveyed. The researcher found that while the existing Guidance Unit was meeting most needs, it was not sufficient for assisting academically challenged students or introducing students to trade fields, nor did it adequately engage students regarding the “changing world of work”. As a whole, however, the unit was successful. The author recommends addressing the above issues, as well as reevaluating the oral presentations, while continuing the overall guidance unit program.
    • Mechanized Mathematics

      Wood, Britton; The College at Brockport (1/1/1964)
      The widespread availability of information requires people to know a lot more than was necessary in the past to qualify as educated citizens. Population growth, however, has made it difficult for education systems to meet their students’ learning needs. This paper examines changes in education methods, focusing on technology-based learning, or “teaching machines”. The researcher evaluated "programed learning” by juxtaposing two 9th grade algebra classes—a 30 member experimental group and a 32 member control group. The experimental group received “programed learning” instruction while the control group was taught using traditional methods. A post-test was administered at the program’s conclusion to determine each group’s mastery of the material. The researcher created booklets with the question on one side of the page and the answer on the other, allowing students to check their own work and proceed at their own pace. The booklets were then distributed to the experimental group. The researcher noted a marked improvement in the experimental group’s morale and engagement level. The experimental group completed the unit in four days, with fast learners completing the unit more quickly than average or slow learners. The control group completed the same unit in eight days, with the researcher noting lower engagement among control group participants. The post-test revealed no significant difference in student comprehension between the two instructional methods. The researcher remarks that time saved in the classroom is lost in program preparation, and notes that commercially produced programming may be the answer. He suggests further research and experimentation to determine the efficacy of program-based learning.
    • An Analytical Study of the Needs of Gates Chili Central School District's Proposed 16mm Film Library

      Paulick, Du Wayne F.; The College at Brockport (1/1/1968)
      The purpose of this study was to analyze the needs of Gates Chili Central School District’s proposed sixteen millimeter film library by (1) determining the extent to which the existing facilities, personnel, hardware and software could be utilized to establish a functional sixteen millimeter film library by September of 1968, (2) ascertaining the amount of additional facilities, personnel, hardware and software required to establish a complete, efficient and effective sixteen millimeter film library within two years, and (3) investigating the varied systems of administrating a sixteen millimeter film library in order to establish an effective and efficient system of operation whereby most, if not all, classroom teachers could be relatively assured of receiving the requested film before the use date. The hypothesis was that there is a normative plan for the establishment of a sixteen millimeter educational film library.
    • The Liminology of Oneida Lake - An Interim Report

      Greenson, Phillip E.; Meyers, George S. (1/1/1969)
      This interim report discusses the general concepts of lake eutrophication and presents the findings of the first year of field investigations on the eutophication of Oneida Lake, New York. Routine biological and chemical data revealed that the lake has become eutrophic both through the natural processes of lake aging and from the inflow of nutrient-rich water from the fertile drainage basin. The four most important factors affecting the biological activities within the lake are: (1) the high fertility of the drainage basin, (2) the physical position and shallowness of the lake, (3) mixing of the water by wind action, and (4) the inclusion of bottom sediments in the recycling of nutrient materials.
    • The Seasonal Fecundity of the Cladocera of McCargo Lake

      Brlan, Michael; The College at Brockport (1/1/1969)
      The fecundity of selected Cladocera was investigated from September, 1968 to August, 1969. Due to the differences in seasonal reproductivity, a sampling program of one year was followed. Data were collected from McCargo Lake, located in Orleans County in north central New York.
    • Lear and Nature

      Cohen, Marshall; The Rockefeller University (1/1/1970)
      Morris Weitz is mistaken in his interpretation of King Lear. The distinction between good and evil is maintained clearly and sharply throughout the play, and nature actually provides the key to the difference between the two.
    • A Scientist’s Comments on ‘The Scientific Enterprise and Social Conscience'

      Morison, Robert; Cornell University (1/1/1970)
      Professor Edel correctly emphasizes the ecological mode of thought. As we penetrate deeper into that ecological mode of thought, we will discover that almost every decision that we make in science will have consequences for many people. Thus, science has an obligation to consider and show, as clearly as possible, what the consequences of these decisions will be.
    • The Coinage of Man: King Lear and Camus’ Stranger

      Weitz, Morris; Brandeis University (1/1/1970)
      In Shakespeare’s King Lear, the universe is indifferent to human values, but human values are of the utmost importance for human life. Good and evil are not built into the fabric of nature. Rather, they rest of human prerogative. However, this does not diminish the importance of human values for human life. The plot of King Lear charts Lear’s own progress through the many stages of this realization.
    • Civil Disobedience in a Constitutional Democracy

      Cohen, Marshall; The Rockefeller University (1/1/1970)
      Civil disobedience is an action that is intended to appeal to the public, to show that they have violated principles that they otherwise generally accept. This is why acts of civil disobedience must be public acts. Acts of civil disobedience cannot involve violence to persons, for that might provoke fear, which undermines the public’s ability to listen to the appeal. The civil disobedient accepts his punishment in order to demonstrate his commitment to the rule of law, and also to demonstrate the seriousness of his commitment to the principles that have been violated by the public.
    • A Note on Professor Edel’s Paper

      Black, Max; Cornell University (1/1/1970)
      Professor Edel’s conclusions are excessively mild. We are often frighteningly ignorant of the consequences of scientific and technological innovations. This ignorance requires a much greater degree of caution in science than Professor Edel has admitted.
    • Remarks on Violence and Paying the Penalty

      Nielsen, Kai; University of Alberta, Calgary (1/1/1970)
      The civil disobedient need not accept his punishment in order to demonstrate his commitment to the rule of law, and in some circumstances it would be inappropriate to do so. The use of violence is justified when and only when the pain, suffering, and injustice that we overcome thereby outweighs the pain, suffering and injustice that results from our actions. There have been circumstances in recent history in which, it is plausible to believe, these conditions were met.
    • Weitz on the Coinage of Man

      Sparshott, F. E.; Victoria College, University of Toronto (1/1/1970)
      The events in Shakespeare’s King Lear are not represented as typical, nor are the judgments made in the play represented as wise or reliable. This complicates any attempt to interpret the play as making the sorts of claims that Professor Weitz attributes to it.
    • The Academy IS Political

      Harcleroad, Fred F.; American College Testing Program (1/1/1970)
      The university is political as a matter of fact, and the people who hold the power are the people who have the money and fund the university. However, Henry Aiken is wrong about the history of General Education. It was not created for ideological purposes.
    • Professor Ayer’s Honest Ghost

      Hartnack, Justus; The College at Brockport (1/1/1970)
      Professor Ayer is right that Ryle’s strongest thesis is incorrect. However, I do not agree with all of Ayer’s arguments for that conclusion. I also wish that Professor Ayer had examined some other mental concepts, which also seem to resist any kind of behaviorist reduction.