• Clubwomen, Reformers, Workers, and Feminists of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, clubwomen, reformers, laborers, and feminists asserted their right to participate in the public, political sphere. Whether they intended to further their education, improve society, gain better working conditions, or control their own bodies, women expanded traditional gender roles and played an important role in transforming their society. Most significantly, the guarantee of voting rights provided by the Nineteenth Amendment marked a major milestone in the history of the struggle for women's rights. While women made important advances in other areas as well, many of the goals of tum-of-the-century reformers and feminists-for economic justice, racial equality, and women's full emancipation- remained unrealized, and would be left for subsequent generations of women to continue to pursue as the 20th century unfolded.
    • Frances Watkins Harper and the Search for Women's Interracial Alliances

      Parker, Alison M.; College at Brockport, State University of New York (2012-01-01)
      A chapter from Susan B. Anthony and the Struggle for Equal Rights.
    • "Hearts Uplifted and Minds Refreshed'': The Woman's Christian Temperance Union and the Production of Pure Culture in the United States, 1880-1930

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (1999-07-01)
      The Woman's Christian Temperance Union's (WCTU) Department for the Promotion of Purity in Literature and Art, established in1883, worked for legal censorship, but also created a "pure" literary, artistic, and popular culture. This WCTU program blurs the distinctions some historians have made between producers of culture and their audience(s) or, alternatively, between repressive censors and creative artists. This article documents the WCTU's publication of its own children's magazine, distribution of cheap reproductions of famous paintings, and promotion and production of educational pro-temperance movies. Moral transformation of youth, activists argued, could only occur through the positive influence of a pure culture. As WCTU women pursued a strategy of supporting and producing culture, they made crucial contributions to shaping the public arena in the United States. Asserting their right to be the arbiters of culture themselves, women reformers insisted upon a tie between art and morals.
    • Mothering the Movies: Women Reformers and Popular Culture

      Parker, Alison M.; College at Brockport, State University of New York (2006-01-01)
      From the book Movie Censorship and American Culture, edited by Francis Couvares.
    • Reading Race through U.S. Women's Biographies

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2012-10-01)
      Alison Parker reviews the following books: Lois Brown. Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins: Black Daughter of the Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008. Kimberley Mangun. A Force for Change: Beatrice Morrow Cannady and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Oregon, 1912-1936. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2010. Julia A. Stem. Mary Chesnut's Civil War Epic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Lea VanderVelde. Mrs. Dred Scott: A Life on Slavery's Frontier. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Margaret Washington. Sojourner Truth's America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
    • The Case for Reform Antecedents for the Woman's Rights Movement

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2002-01-01)
    • 'The Picture of Health’: The Public Life and Private Ailments of Mary Church Terrell

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)
      THROUGHOUT AMERICAN HISTORY, both in slavery and as free women, African American women have confronted the problem of whether to disclose or hide their bodies’ illnesses and pains. For some, redemptive suffering and pain served as a powerful metaphor that openly inspired their reform activism.2 For others, the risk of disclosure seemed too great, especially if their physical problems had a sexual or reproductive dimension that could be construed in a racist light by the dominant white American society. In this paper, Alison Parker confronts the question of how, when, and why Mary (Mollie) Church Terrell privatized pain and illness.
    • Twentieth-Century Transformations: Sexualities Defined and Sexual Expression Expanded

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2014-06-01)
      Alison Parker reviews the following books: Margot Canaday. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in TwentiethCentury America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009. xiv + 277 pp. Illustrations, notes, and index. $19.95 (paper). Leigh Ann Wheeler. How Sex. Became a Civil Liberty. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. xiv + 327 pp. Notes, bibliography, and index. $34.95.
    • What We Do Expect the People Legislatively to Effect

      Parker, Alison M.; College at Brockport, State University of New York (2000-01-01)
      In this chapter, from the book Women and the Unstable State in Nineteenth-Century America, Alison Parker explores the radical political thought of Frances Wright and the implications of reactions to her egalitarianism.