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Recent Submissions

  • The Intersection of Monty Python and Kantian Theory: A Digression

    Livan, Mela (SUNY Brockport, 2022-08)
    s the part of the paper in which we should provide a brief synopsis of the entirety, that is the whole and complete, reason for and information contained within the paper so that a person could quickly decide whether it was worth wasting any of their valuable time (that is, time during which they would be scrolling social media, swiping left or right, or engaging in highly ritualistic slaughter fests of the online hyper-realistic variety).
  • The Spectrum: A Scholars Day Journal

    SUNY Brockport; Executive Editor, Mitchell Christensen; Managing Editor, Mary Jo Orzech (SUNY Brockport, 2023)
    Scholar’s Day at SUNY Brockport returned to its pre-pandemic format of presentations and posters in 2022. This combined 2022-23 issue of The Spectrum includes a sampling of papers from both April 2022 and 2023 Scholars Day events. The sessions showcased a range of scholarly and creative activities in numerous disciplines, subjects, and specific topic areas. They provide evidence of an active intellectual spirit, inquiring curiosity, and academic ethos as the campus worked to return from Covid. Scholars Day 2022 and 2023 were marked by overall themes related to resilience, empathy, and sustainability. Special thanks to the Scholars Day Committee chaired by the Office of Scholarship, Research, and Sponsored Programs (Laura Merkl, Matt Kotula, Meghan Irving, and Kim Remley), keynote speaker Dr. Marcie Desrochers, poster judges, students, and faculty who helped to make Scholars Day a success. Brockport’s hosted journals like The Spectrum have a new look emphasizing individual author contributions that make articles more discoverable at the individual item level and include improved metadata without the appearance of a traditional journal. The change represents an opportunity to consider new forms of scholarly communication and dissemination. We hope that you find it engaging and welcome your feedback.
  • Fall movements of brown trout in Lake Ontario and a tributary.

    Haynes, James M.; Nettles, David C. (New York Fish and Game Journal, 1983-01)
    Movements of radio-tagged brown trout during pre-spawning, spawning and post-spawning periods were studied in Lake Ontario and Sandy Creek (Monroe County, NY) from September through November 1980. Until mid-October, most of the brown trout remained offshore in deep water during the day and moved inshore to shallow water at night, after which fish began to move upstream to spawn. In November, after spawning, tagged fish moved offshore to deeper water.
  • Comparison of benthic communities in dredged and undredged areas of the St. Lawrence River, Cape Vincent, N. Y.

    Haynes, James M.; Makarewicz, Joseph C. (Ohio Academy of Science, 1982)
    Macroinvertebrate communities were compared in dredged and undredged areas of the St. Lawrence River near Cape Vincent, N. Y., by sampling with a Ponar dredge in spring, summer and fall seasons. Total macroinvertebrate abundance was greater in undredged areas. Differences in total invertebrate abundance and relative abundance of individual species in dredged and undredged areas appear to be related to the presence of gyttja-type sediments caused by breakwater construction and dredging operations at least 40 years ago.
  • Misrepresentation of Queer Folks in Theatre

    Mace, Kendra (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This essay uses content analysis to explain the misrepresentation of queer folks in theatre. This topic is important because a lack of proper representation can harm young queer people. I hope readers understand the information presented and advocate for proper representation.
  • The Reality of Maternal Mortality

    Kim, Julie (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This paper explores the racial disparities of maternal mortality, with a focus on the disparities between Black and White women. This topic is important because it is not gaining enough attention on a national scale and it highlights the fact that institutional racism is still very well prevalent in the medical world (e.g., Tuskegee syphilis study, sterilization of Puerto Rican women or the exploitation of Henrietta Lacks’ (HeLa) cells). I hope to bring knowledge on how racism and medical implicit bias can affect people’s quality of life specifically women of color.
  • Stolen Sisters…Violence against Indigenous Women

    Smith, Kylene (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This essay investigates the violence perpetrated against Indigenous women using a social constructivist and feminist perspective. This topic is important because it is often overlooked by society and the media. The violence and assault that Native women experience is an epidemic that has been an ongoing issue that has plagued the Indigenous community. I hope readers will understand the importance that all women regardless of race or class deserve to feel safe.
  • Not Woman Enough: A Trans Lesbian Epistemology

    Timmons, Kay (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This essay explores the concepts of epistemic oppression and gender essentialism from a transfeminist, transfeminine, lesbian lens utilizing a mixed-methods autoethnography which incorporates elements of discourse analysis and phenomenology. This topic is important because of the continued underrepresentation of trans, especially transfeminine, voices in the study of trans experiences. I hope that readers will examine their own relationship with gender essentialism.
  • The Changes in Sexuality Over Time Through Life Experiences

    Rivera, Alexis (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This essay explores the evidence of changes in sexuality that may occur throughout time during the course of many women's lives. The multiple theories proposed in this essay include ideas addressing variation in sexual attitudes and desires as different life experiences present themselves. This essay challenges biology and the concept of nature and nurture in a way that sexuality can be a result of both, not just one or the other. By having an understanding of how sexuality can change, we can begin to acknowledge the women who are struggling with these newfound inclinations and find ways to help them continue on with their lives as desired.
  • Healthcare Inferno: Exposing Medical Bias and Recounting Stories

    Colletti, Leana (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023-08)
    This essay explores medical/healthcare bias, its harms, and how it has personally impacted my health and been exacerbated by my social identities. This topic is important because healthcare bias is under-recognized and causes people to suffer and even die. My goal is to educate readers on healthcare bias and inspire healthcare professionals to work on their biases.
  • Providing Mental Health Counseling Services at Harm Reduction Programs: A Review of the Literature

    Bowe, Grace (SUNY Brockport, Department of Counselor Education, 2023-08-22)
    This paper examines the need for mental health counseling services at harm reduction programs and seeks to answer the question of why mental health services may be beneficial to harm reduction programs and how best to implement and enact these services. It covers the rationale for providing these services, such as the lack of integrated substance use and mental health services and harm reduction programs' ability to engage hard-to-reach populations. The paper also summarizes the available research on existing counseling services at harm reduction sites and the broader field of harm reduction psychotherapy. From this literature, best practices for program design and therapeutic process for mental health counseling at these locations are identified.
  • Dissenting Voices Volume 12

    Women and Gender Studies, Senior Seminar Students (SUNY Brockport, Department of Women and Gender Studies, 2023)
    Epistemic control of gender oppresses us. We challenge biology and the concept of nature and nurture in a way that sexuality can be a result of both, not just one or the other. We argue that violence and assault against Native women is an ongoing epidemic that plagues the indigenous community. We confront the toxic misrepresentation of queer identity in theatre. We expose the detrimental impacts of healthcare bias and highlight ways healthcare bias increases Black maternal death. We come together in strength and unity to dismantle oppressive systems around us. Leana Colletti (she/her), Julie Kim (she/her), Kendra Mace (she/her), Alexis Rivera (she/her), Kylene Smith (she/her), Kay Timmons (they/them) Table of Contents: Opening Voices-- Kay Timmons: Not Woman Enough: A Trans Lesbian Epistemology..1; Kylene Smith: Stolen Sisters…Violence against Indigenous Women ..13. More Voices --Alexis Rivera: Nature and Nurture: The Changes in Sexuality Over Time Through Life Experiences.. 23; Kendra Mace: The Misrepresentation of Queer Folks in Theatre..31. Closing Voices-- Leana Colletti: Healthcare Inferno: Exposing Medical Bias and Recounting Stories..41; Julie Kim: The Reality of Maternal Mortality..53
  • Systemic Change for ELL Success: Empowering Teachers to Foster Family Engagement

    Brady, Thomas C (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2023-08-23)
    This capstone explores the issue of lack of family engagement in the education of English Language Learners (ELLs). Despite the consensus on the benefits of family involvement in the education of ELLs, schools are not well equipped to effectively include families of ELLs. Therefore, the overarching research question of this capstone is how can schools develop initiatives that foster ELL family engagement? In order to mitigate the problem, this capstone presents a professional Development (PD) that is targeted at school staff and families of ELLs. The anticipated outcomes for this capstone are increased ELL family engagement, improved academic performance for ELLs and for educators to create a more inclusive school environment. The main goal of this capstone is to create a school environment where ELL families feel welcomed, engaged, and able to contribute to their child’s success.
  • Meeting the Educational/Emotional Needs of ELLs

    Corey, Emily Elizabeth (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2023-08-15)
    English Language Learners (ELLs) in United States Public Schools face barriers that limit their ability to have the same educational and social opportunities as their peers. According to research, lack of teacher preparedness appears to be the biggest cause of the lack of social and educational opportunities for ELLs. Teachers are often underprepared when it comes to assessment, instruction, how to access materials, and the social-emotional needs of ELLs.Teachers can become more knowledgeable about these topics through professional development opportunities. To solve the problem of lacking educational and social opportunities for ELLs, a professional development opportunity is proposed for any public school where staff need more knowledge about ELLs. The goal of the professional development is to allow school faculty to challenge their own previous beliefs regarding ELLs, and to give school staff the knowledge and resources to give ELLs a school experience that supports them both academically and emotionally. Ideas for future research and improvement include implementing the professional development yearly and including new information each year, giving a refresher on the professional development materials to staff who need it, and researching more ways to support ELLs and their teachers through behavioral challenges.
  • Movements of Pacific Salmon in Lake Ontario: Evidence for wide dispersal

    Haynes, James M.; Keleher, Christopher J. (Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 1986-06)
    After radio tagging, Pacific Salmon (Coho and Chinook) dispersed widely along shore (spring) and throughout Lake Ontario (summer) in 1984. They did not occupy areas near shore after water temperatures exceeded 9-10 oC, except when winds produced upwelling of colder water at the lake’s surface close to shore in summer. No significant differences were observed between the two species re: distances moved, daily movement rates, and water temperature occupied. One fish moved at least 500 km during 4 months of tracking.
  • . Disseminating Successful Undergraduate Science Curriculum Adaptation and Implementation Strategies and CCLI-ND Grant-Writing Techniques: Regional Workshops Led by Successful Innovators and Experienced Investigators, Evaluating Faculty Change Processes and Assessing Student Understanding of STEM Concepts

    Haynes, James M.; Hluchy, Michele M.; Connolly, Mark R. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2004)
    From 1980-2006, we showed multiple cohorts of undergraduate faculty how environmental impact analysis can be used in their STEM courses to tie together scientific concepts and theories, research and analytical techniques, and mathematical and communication skills appropriate to address local environmental problems. During more than 20 summer workshops (5 days to 3 weeks), we chose themes of Stressed Stream Analysis or Great Lakes Ecosystem Dynamics because those topics allowed us to demonstrate (and for participants to learn hands-on) new, ecologically based approaches to pollution control and to use spreadsheet models to explore the movements of pollutants in ecological systems. Faculty participants (mostly from the disciplines of biology, chemistry, geology, and engineering) worked in teams to address the environmental problems presented to them by the workshop instructors then wrote environmental impact statements. In later stages of our workshop activities for undergraduate faculty, we also developed units on developing their capacity to use and modify new assessment instruments to gather better data on student learning and managing the challenges of undertaking significant pedagogical and curricular changes in their courses.
  • Movements and temperatures of radio tagged salmonines in Lake Ontario and comparisons with other large aquatic ecosystems.

    Haynes, James M.; Gerber, Glenn P. (Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 1989-12)
    We used six years of radiotelemetry data (1980-86) to compare movements and temperatures occupied by four introduced salmonine species (174 tagged fish) in the nearshore region of Lake Ontario. Movement patterns, net movement rates, water temperatures occupied, and harvest rates by anglers were generally similar among species and seasons. The movement patterns and thermal habitats of salmonines in Lake Ontario generally were in the mid-range of those report for conspecifics in other large lakes and the North Pacific Ocean.
  • Diel and seasonal movements of White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) in the mid-Columbia River.

    Haynes, James M.; Gray, R.H. (Fishery Bulletin, 1981)
    In the mid-Columbia River, radio-tagged White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) exhibited seasonal and diel movement patterns from 1975-1977. Seasonally, movements >2 km away from release locations began in spring when water temperature exceeded 13 oC and ended in autumn when water temperature fell below 13 oC. Daily, sturgeon exhibited movements among habitats with different substrates, as measured by changes in water temperature during 24-h diel periods. Movement to cooler, deeper areas of the river occurred before sunrise, while movement to warmer, shallower areas peaked after sunset. Because water temperatures varied by only a few tenths of a degree among substrate areas, it is likely that photoperiod influenced sturgeon movements between deeper, darker resting areas and shallower, food-rich feeding areas.
  • Fostering Effective Co-Teaching Practices for English Language Learners

    Cohen, Melissa (SUNY Brockport, Department of Education and Human Development, 2023-08-01)
    Co-teaching is a common practice in education to address students with different abilities. With an influx of English Language Learners (ELLs) co-teaching practices are being utilized more to provide language supports for ELLs inside general education classrooms. There are many issues with co-teaching as there is not one specific framework that shows teachers how to implement this practice seamlessly. Therefore, the overarching research question of this capstone thesis is how co-teachers can work together to support all students in the classroom. The research discusses themes such as scheduling, equity, and implementation that require mediation for teachers to address and create a more inclusive environment for students. Providing professional development for both teachers and administrators is essential for fostering effective co-teaching practices. The professional development provides research on how to implement practices such as student-centered classroom and how to address issues of equity, co-planning, and lesson implementation. Participants in the professional development will have the tools to create a student-centered classroom and practices to create equity when implementing lessons. These practices will help foster an inclusive environment in the classroom where ELL students are able to receive language support and feel that they are receiving the same education as their peers
  • Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities in Southwestern Lake Ontario Following Invasion of Dreissena: Continuing Change

    Haynes, James M.; Stewart, Timothy W.; Cook, George E. (International Association of Great Lakes Research, 1999)
    Benthic macroinvertebrate communities were compared and quantified at natural cobble and artificial reef sites in Lake Ontario in 1983 (pre0-Dreissena invasion), and in both 1991-1992 and 1995 (1 to 2 and 5 years post-Dreissena invasion, respectively). Diversity and abundance of non-dreissenid macroinvertebrates generally rose from 1983 to 1991-1992, but returned to 1983 levels or lower by 1995. Although community similarity (excluding Dreissena from analysis) remained high across study years, the 1995 invertebrate community more closely resembled the pre-Dreissena community of pre-1983 than the initial post-Dreissena community of 1991-1992 because of recent declines in the absolute abundance and diversity of macroinvertebrates. In particular, gastropods responded negatively to Dreissena or to associated benthic habitat or community changes that occurred from 1991-1992 to 1995. These results suggest that short- and long-term effects of Dreissena on other organisms may be quite different, and illustrate the need for long-term monitoring of biological communities in order to more fully determine effects of invasive species or other environmental perturbations on ecosystems.

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