Now showing items 21-40 of 584

    • Gender beyond the binary: computationally mapping gender to a spectrum using sex differences in the brain

      Williams, Reed (2022-05)
      Biological sex is far more complex than simply two categories: male and female. The mere existence of transgender and intersex individuals displays this complexity clearly on the surface, while the differences between cisgender people within their own respective categories brings this idea to a deeper level. While sex differences reveal themselves in many different scientific disciplines, this study will focus on findings in the field of neuroscience; specifically, it will narrow in on volumetric measurements of brain regions known to have differing trends across the male and female sexes. The construction of a surrogate data set driven by measurements extracted from existing literature will be used to fit a logistic regression model. The resulting probability function will be used to first create a base Biological Sex Spectrum; this refers to a representation of biological sex as a spectrum in the absence of societal influence. This probability function will then be modified to produce a Societally Influenced Gender Spectrum; this refers to a spectrum that has been influenced by the concept of the gender binary and more closely represents our current world. The comparison of these two spectra will reveal the space for an increase in gender diversity as societal views continue shifting further away from restricting gender stereotypes.
    • Blood

      Philippas, Emma (2022-05)
    • Exploring the journey of nontraditional students in the music therapy field: a phenomenological inquiry

      McNally, Sean (2022-05)
      My journey to the field of music therapy was one I initially thought was a random amalgamation of events completely unique to me. I earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in film/video and upon graduation, decided I did not want to pursue a career in the film industry. I shifted to playing music at a professional level. After some time, I began losing passion for the type of late-night work I was doing. I felt an interest in special education after having had some experience lifeguarding for a Special Olympics program in high school. At the suggestion of a friend, I decided to take a daytime job as a teaching assistant at a school for students with developmental delays. During this employment, I was deeply moved to witness the work of music therapists. The social and emotional connections students would achieve in music were moments I viewed as profoundly meaningful. These experiences informed my decision to go to graduate school to pursue a career I found deeply meaningful and fulfilling.
    • Grounding music therapy in myth and ritual: a professional outlook inspired by the writings of Carolyn Kenny

      Marx, Benji (2022-05)
      The main purpose of this thesis is to describe my philosophical and theoretical orientation as a music therapist. I will describe a proposed music therapy group for adolescents with depression that will be based within my philosophical and theoretical orientation. This group can be implemented in collaboration with various institutions such as schools and afterschool organizations, or in my own private practice.
    • Does the focus of loving-kindness meditation matter for reducing implicit bias?

      Saitta, Christopher D. (2022-05)
      Implicit bias has been a popular area of research in recent years as the need to address it is a prerequisite for a just society. In the current study, different versions of loving-kindness meditation (LKM) were compared to see which one is associated with the lowest implicit bias levels. Participants followed an 8-minute LKM audio clip where the instructions were altered to manipulate the focus of the meditation across three groups. The meditation directed them to send their love and positive energy to either themselves, younger peers, or the elderly population. Then, participants took an age-based implicit association test (IA T) to compare whether the manipulation led to differences in implicit bias across groups. Additionally, participants were asked to rate their experience of several positive emotions to see if the conditions caused differences in types of positive emotion ( either other-regarding or non-other-regarding) and whether these different types of positive emotions mediated the effects of LKM focus on implicit bias. The results revealed that LKM focus did not have a significant impact on differences in positive emotions or implicit bias, and the mediating effect of other-regarding positive emotions on the relationship between LKM focus and implicit bias was not observed. The results suggest the subject of meditative focus may be a negligible factor when it comes to influencing positive emotion and implicit bias levels.
    • The United States Government Internet Directory 2021

      Lougen, Colleen (Taylor & Francis, 2022-05)
    • A music therapy program proposal for pediatric palliative care in hospice

      Fini, Alexa Marie (2022-05)
      The purpose of this proposal is to provide a framework for Hudson Valley Hospice to add music therapy as a treatment option for the children and adolescents they serve. Pediatric palliative care is a rapidly expanding field in American healthcare (Hildenbrand et al., 2021 ). The majority of pediatric palliative care programs in the United States do not meet practice standards set forth by The American Academy of Pediatrics. This means current pediatric palliative care programs are not providing patients and families with 24-hour availability and staffing that includes physicians, nurses, social workers, and chaplains (Rogers et al., 2021). Additionally, the lack of clinical units, funding, and the field's ever-changing nature have a negative impact on pediatric palliative patients' and their families' care needs.
    • Meltdown detection in autistic children combining stress sensors and machine learning

      Singh, Sarah (2022-05)
      Children with autism spectrum disorder face many challenges on a daily basis, including their struggle to communicate their needs, especially in times of distress. This can lead to meltdowns, making it difficult for them to learn, make friends, or have a positive social or educational experience. Existing research detecting meltdowns, specifically using deep learning combined with either facial recognition [1] or a variety of sensors such as heart rate, electrodermal, and temperature sensors [2], have proved successful. However, optimization for practical application utilizing more affordable technology could improve upon the accessibility of these tools for the autistic community, especially working class families. This thesis provides a method to detect and prevent autistic meltdowns inspired by my son, aiming to make a wearable device that can be used whenever and wherever by combining heart rate monitors and electrodermal sensors as a more practical means of detection, as well as a more cost friendly option using low power equipment. The device was built on an STM32-F446RE nucleo board using the kernel based operating system FreeRTOS. A bluetooth android application was created using MIT APP Inventor 2, allowing easy access to sensor data. The device was tested on a child diagnosed with autism by wearing a finger glove with sensors attached during their every day homework routine. A simple logistic regression model was applied to calculate the slope of the sensor's data. The logistic regression model showed promising results with an accuracy score of 0.82 and a recall score of 0.83. This device can be easily modified into a wrist watch interface, making it more comfortable and practical for autistic children to wear. The low cost sensors and processor, combined with a lower cost method of machine learning gives families a better chance at owning a device that could help their child. Meltdown predictions will allow teachers and guardians an opportunity for early intervention and meltdown mitigation.
    • Childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, openness to experience, and the use of imagination in the work of fine artists

      Carella, Amanda (2022-05)
      Why do some artists choose to create work from their imagination while others produce work based on things they see? Psychologists have long been aware of a link between mental health and the healing powers of creation, but have yet to examine if there is a specific distinction between why someone chooses fantasy or realism as the subject of their works of art. This study draws upon research done on childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, and openness to experience to determine correlations between artists who report using ideas from their imagination, and those who report using ideas from everyday life or other artists’ work. Childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, and openness have each been linked to greater creativity, which may help to better understand stylistic differences between artists. Participants were assessed using the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire, Creative Experiences Questionnaire, and openness to experience subscale from the Big Five Inventory, as well as a brief self-report survey regarding the use of imagination as the inspiration behind their art-making. Results showed significant support for a relationship between adverse childhood experiences and both fantasy proneness, and openness. These three variables were also found to significantly predict use of imagination, with openness being the only variable to contribute unique variance to the prediction of imagination. These findings give insight into some of the developmental and phenomenological aspects of artistic creativity.
    • Discord in Thornfield Hall: critical postcolonial intersectionality in Jane Eyre

      Ciervo, Emma (2022-05)
      By applying the lenses of postcolonial and trauma theory to the novel, we can begin to develop an understanding of how Jane and Bertha can become critically intersectional characters. Each of these lenses illuminates the clear struggle that each woman faces within a tightly structured Victorian society, and their means of navigating it result in their processing of emotions on a deeper level. I argue that while on the surface it appears that Jane and Bertha are each recognizing the other, they do so only on the most basic level because each only sees it in relation to her own self rather than on a more widespread level. Throughout this thesis, I argue that by exposing the crudeness of this original intersectionality, as well as the privileges gained and lost through the patriarchal structure of Victorian society and empire, Brontë's initial creation of crude intersectional characters can evolve into a deeper level of understanding of one another, or what I am calling critical postcolonial intersectionality.
    • Noshem Wearzen: a dream inspired poetry collection

      Hager, Robyn (2022-05)
      Noshem Wearzen is a made-up name for the places that we go to in our dreams. It is, literally, ‘nowhere’, as our dream landscapes are equally inspired by real life as they are projected to us in a fictionalized way, making them ‘nowhere’ in particular, but in an attempt to give a name to the places that we escape to in our dreams I’ve created Noshem Wearzen, a place that occupies as much of my dream world as it does my reality. The first poem of my collection is Noshem Wearzen and precedes the two parts, it functions as the beginning to a story that ends with each poem that proceeds it in the collection, which is emphasized by the lack of end punctuation in Noshem Wearzen while each other poem ends with a period.
    • About my world: MFA Thesis - Painting & Drawing

      Zheng, Xuewu (2022-05)
      My graduation creation is a series of drawings, the material used is charcoal pencil, I named the series of works "World". The epidemic that started in 2019 and quickly spread to the world has brought disaster to human beings. Since then, not only diseases, but also all aspects of human life have undergone tremendous changes. Everything we used to know has become unfamiliar. This is the background of my drawing works. I raise new questions about human existence and hope that people will rethink how to coexist between human beings and between human beings and nature.
    • "One Must Imagine Sisyphus Happy": Kafka, Camus, and enduring absurdities

      Boyle, Katherine R. (2022-05)
      In order to complete my present study, I will first provide a general background that encompasses the psychological and philosophical concepts that I plan to work with, outlining definitions and laying down rough descriptions of important concepts. I will then move towards an exanimation of Franz Kafka's literature, focusing mainly on The Trial and the tenets of absurdism present within the novel. Demonstrating a slightly altered concept of unknowability and illogic, I will discuss the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett, carefully unpacking the absurdities of Estragon and Vladimir. Third, I will analyze the visual rhetoric inherent in the works of artist Alfred Kubin, attempting to understand the images and themes present in his nightmarish pieces. I will conclude by returning to a discussion of meaning and absurdist philosophy, incorporating these elements into the three figures that I have named and analyzed, and working to understand with a bit more depth humanity's unending search for meaning.
    • Tensions of the body: transgender literature and the body in space and time

      Field, Sophia (2022-05)
      As academics are to understand it, transgender studies generally concerns itself with the triangulated relationship between the body, culture, and power (the power to name, to normalize, and to efface). This thesis is intimately concerned with such subjects, examining representations of the body, culture, and power in two contemporary transgender texts: Torrey Peters’ 2021 novel Detransition, Baby, and Maggie Nelson’s 2015 autobiography The Argonauts. In these two examples of transgender literature, authors represent the body as a heuristic tool; a field against which normative fantasies play out in frequently incongruent ways.
    • The transnational far right: an exploratory paper on common ideology amongst attacks

      Ryan, Emma (2021-12)
      Far-right extremist attacks are on the rise and have demonstrated the ability to inspire other attacks. This paper examines a cluster of seven attacks, five inspired by the Christchurch attacker, the Christchurch attack itself, and the 2011 Oslo and Ut⌀ya attack that inspired the Christchurch attacker. In this exploratory paper the common ideologies of the attackers are explored to look for commonalities and trends among the data.
    • The westernization of the night sky: a study of indigenous astronomy and sky culture

      Perles, Zoe Kaya (2021-12)
      When we examine the night sky and consider the history and progression of science and astronomy, we observe the sky through a specific cultural lens. Contemporary understandings and interpretations of the sky and of science have been distorted by the biases of Western European history and culture. Consequently, indigenous astronomy has been eradicated, depreciated, forgotten, and omitted from the historical record. After thousands of years of colonization and the purposeful destruction of indigenous cultures, much knowledge of indigenous astronomy has been lost. However, the knowledge that has been preserved is extraordinary. A study of the methods and strategies of astronomical observation developed by indigenous civilizations and the roles that astronomy served within indigenous societies crafts a compelling argument about the validity, sophistication, and value of indigenous astronomy and sky culture. With that knowledge, we can then consider the drastic repercussions of the erasure of indigenous astronomy and why it is essential that we incorporate indigenous knowledge into modern understandings of science and astronomy.
    • The representation of African American girls and women in popular culture throughout the 20th century

      Honigman, Lindsay (2021-12)
      Photographs are a key component in deepening one’s comprehension of Black portrayals and their profound impact on the Black community. This picture essay focuses on the positive and negative representations of Black girls and women throughout the 20th century. Black girls and women had been sexually and physically objectified by a variety of stereotypes. The most familiar example of this would be the Aunt Jemima caricature, a face and product of the Mammy stereotype that desexualized and devalued Black women. Meanwhile, another stereotype, the Jezebel, oversexualized Black girls and women. This advertised Black women as undesirable while simultaneously justifying assault from white men. While negativity about Black girls and women was created by white people, positive portrayals were also being produced by the Black community. Media like sheet music, Ebony Magazine, and The Cosby Show, were just a few examples of positive representations created by Black people. Rather than allowing white people to define Blackness as animalistic and Black culture as one that lacked civility, the Black community sought to assert themselves as valuable, respectable, and intelligent middle-class humans in America. As Black girls grew up with the white definition of Blackness, the effects from these portrayals shifted how they judged their own beauty, intelligence, and value. This paper strives to explain how the stereotypes that Black girls and women have been categorized under are prevalent and perpetuated through the early 20th century to the latter end of the century, and beyond. Keywords: ● Bachelor of Science Early Childhood/Childhood Education, History (B-6) ● Mammy Caricature ● Jezebel Stereotype ● Sapphire Caricature ● Picaninny Stereotype ● Colorism
    • Mismatch: translating concepts of evolutionary psychology into an aggregation of various aesthetic mediums

      McQuade, Brianna (2021-12)
      Preliminary research in regard to this thesis project began in part of Glenn Geher’s Seminar in Psychology course that focused on the concept of positive evolutionary psychology. This literature review, similarly to aspects of evolutionary psychology, is not stand-alone. In addition to research that will be provided on the concept of evolutionary mismatch, I will be discussing how I chose to artistically interpret these subconcepts within mismatch—and apply them to various mediums within the realm of fine arts. Having the space and support to combine my interests to create this interdisciplinary project is something I am really thankful for.
    • Marlboro Safety Group (MSG) Inc. goes to France

      Leduc, Olivia (2021-12)
      My thesis, Marlboro Safety Group (MSG) Inc. Goes to France, is a theoretical international expansion of my formerly owned company into France. This research explored internationalization strategy, accounting principles and a comparison of cultural dimensions between the United States and France. The purpose of this expansion would be to utilize our experience within the world of OSHA, specifically the procurement of OSHA 30 and 10 hour cards within the construction sector and focus on the greater New York City area, and donate our administrative services to the filing of the Carte BTP, the OSHA card equivalent, in France. Findings suggested that the creation of a subsidiary would be the most beneficial for the undertaking of this expansion with emphasis placed on finding a contact person who can both speak French and has experience with French policy and government. Once established as a subsidiary, accounting principles call for the subsidiary to be deemed an LLC and in France it is a SARL de famille due to the fact that there is more than one owner and MSG is a family-owned business. When taxed as an SARL de famille, income is subject to personal income tax and when filing income taxes at home, a tax credit is given in the amount of tax withholdings paid to the French government so that income made abroad is not taxed twice. Finally, cultural differences are imperative to acknowledge when creating a work environment that is both appropriate and comfortable for those working under our guidance in France. For this evaluation, research of Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions evaluated topics such as acceptance of the business hierarchy, individualism, factors for motivation, uncertainty avoidance, adaptation to or acceptance of change and indulgence. In addition to Hofstede’s dimensions, general culture norms were explored in order to give a baseline of accepted behaviors when doing business in France.
    • The Turkish public support for Erdogan

      Herzallah, Shahed (2021-12)
      Presidents apply the populist approach as a way to gain support from the public and to preserve their thrones. President Erdogan took this approach during his nearly 18 years in office, through multiple electoral campaigns. This research paper explores the level of Turkish public support for Erdogan and seeks to explain which citizens continue to support Erdogan’s agenda. The 7th wave of the World Values Survey in Turkey in 2018 was used in this research, in which over 2,000 Turkish citizens from all regions of Turkey were interviewed to collect the data. An analysis of those who expressed a willingness to vote for the AKP suggests that the usual demographic indicators do not predict support as expected. The Turkish public is divided in its support for continued AKP rule, and these divisions do not correlate with gender, or income. There is mild support for more religious people voting for the AKP, but most respondents actually report that religion is important in their life, even those that do not support the AKP. The picture becomes even more complicated when examining attitudes about democracy and perceptions about the democratic quality of the regime.