• 1/28,000: working for Disney World in the midst of a pandemic

      Fisher, Shyana (2021-05)
      The Walt Disney Company is facing the biggest employment crisis it has had in years. Since March of 2020, the company has been laying off and furloughing college students, interns and even upper management culminating in the firing of 28,000 part-time and full-time cast members in September. While this may not sound like a big deal, most cast members think of this as not just any job, but of THE job for them. ( I know I did.) In this written feature article and accompanying photo essay, paired with personal anecdotes, I intend to highlight a few of the employees that threw themselves into their roles and what it meant to work for the Walt Disney Company. I intend to focus on those in their mid-twenties who have participated in the Disney College Program and then made the choice to stay on with the company, and those who are based out of the Orlando theme park.
    • 3-D printed heterogenous substrate bandpass filters

      Nesheiwat, Issa (2021-09)
      With the demand for increasing frequencies in today’s communications systems, compact integrated circuits are challenging to achieve. Compact filters have typically been realized by modifying the circuit design including using LC resonators, defective ground structures, and adjusting the length ratios of resonators. Heterogenous substrates with controlled regions of dielectric loading offer a new design approach when it comes to manufacturing an RF component. In this thesis, additive manufacturing is used to selectively place low-K and high-K dielectric materials to achieve a compact form factor, improved bandwidth, and higher suppression in re-entry modes. First, microstrip coupled strip lines are simulated to model the basic coupling effects of loading a substrate. Next, three 2.45GHz parallel coupled bandpass microstrip filters are designed with differing substrates: low-K, high-K and high-K loaded to analyze the impact of loading within the substrate. The filter substrates are manufactured using a dual-extrusion FDM 3-D printer to combine both dielectrics, low-K ABS, and high-K PrePerm ABS1000, into a single heterogeneous substrate. Compared to the low-K dielectric alternative, the high-K loaded filter demonstrated a 30.8% decrease in length, while maintaining similar bandwidth and suppression of re-entry modes. Compared to the high-K filter, the high-K loaded filter showed a 9.4dB reduction in re-entry mode suppression, while maintaining similar footprint size.
    • Aaron Burr: villain to hero upgrade

      Pralat, Barbara (2018-05)
      The research project explores the historiography surrounding Aaron Burr. For most of United States history, he has been vilified as a traitor to the nation and the murderer of Alexander Hamilton. However, Aaron Burr’s reputation has been questioned through Gore Vidal’s novel: Burr, published in 1973, which humanizes Burr without taking away from his notorious reputation. Nancy Isenberg’s historical biography: Fallen Founder published in 2007, which explores Burr as a feminist and looking at the accusations against Burr in the political world. More recently the musical Hamilton by Lin Manuel Miranda, explores Burr as Hamilton’s first friend and someone who is sympathetic and wants to get ahead in life. Using both primary and secondary sources to trace the history of Burr’s reputation and to show if Aaron Burr is really a villain, based on his character and career. Included in the research is highlights of Aaron Burr’s life and events that led to his reputation being portrayed as negative. The paper explores how one of America’s most notorious founding fathers gained such a bad reputation and if he deserves this reputation or if he deserves a better reputation and belongs with the other founding fathers.
    • About my meditation: MFA Thesis - Printmaking

      Zheng, Xuewu (2020-05)
      I titled this body of my work Meditation. The works, include two series, contain both printmaking and installation. I have been working on both series for about 30 years. I examine both history and the present in a very personal way and I integrate both philosophy and religion into my work. Through my artistic practice, I bridge the language gap between the Eastern and Western cultures. I pay attention to the relationships between humans and nature, and how they are shaped by modern civilization. Meditation is both the content and the state of my life, and my primary means of instigating this research.
    • Abstracture, The Abstraction Of Architecture And Space: MFA Thesis - Painting and Drawing

      Long, Brooke (2016-05)
      If a room or space can alter how we feel, if our feelings are affected by the color of the walls, the shape of a door, the design of the wallpaper, what will happen to us in places we experience or inhabit?
    • Academic advising during a global pandemic

      Musmacker, Brooke (2020-05)
      A major goal that nearly all undergraduate students have is to graduate. But how to do that? What do they have to do? Who can they go to with questions during their most stressful days? Advisors. Advisors are key individuals that students in the college and university settings depend upon for support and guidance during their journeys to discover their passion, themselves, their career paths, and to graduate. During the worldwide Coronavirus pandemic of 2020, schools, colleges, and non-essential businesses have become remote. With these closures, colleges have been forced to transition, not only classes, but also support systems to an alternative, and somewhat unfamiliar, communication style. Primarily, advising is reliant on in- person meetings and creating genuine connections, a feat that becomes much more difficult when human interaction is limited or cut off. The following will focus on crisis adaptation and whether or not incorporating remote advising could be beneficial when in-person advising is a possibility.
    • Accessing disability accommodations: the barriers that college students face when trying to even the playing field


      Fachin, Brianna (2020-05)
      An increasing amount of people with disabilities have decided to attend post-secondary school. Disabilities can make schooling more difficult making it harder for students with disabilities to obtain degrees in higher education. Accommodations such as extended time on tests or receiving digital notes aid students with disabilities in achieving higher grades in class. Disability accommodations essentially even the playing field for students which is why laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) have been put in place. The Americans with Disabilities Act ensures that accommodations will be available for students. Recent studies have suggested that students with disabilities that take advantage of the accommodations that are available to them are more successful academically and have higher graduation rates. Despite the fact that accommodations are available, many students with disabilities do not choose to use them. There are many different reasons why students may not take advantage of these accommodations, all of which have the ability to alter the quality of the education experience for students with disabilities.
    • Acoustical test chamber

      Cabuk, Cansu (2018-05)
      The purpose of this project is to create an acoustical test chamber for use by students and faculty of the Division of Engineering Programs at SUNY New Paltz. An acoustical test chamber is a controlled environment that is instrumented with a microphone array. This allows the user to perform accurate acoustical measurements on sound sources without outside interference while also dampening internal sound. These measurements will help the user determine vital sound parameters and display information relating to the sound signal. The properties of sound that are measured include sound intensity and sound frequency. Sound frequency information is plotted and displayed using a spectrogram. In addition, a sound localization feature using time difference of arrival estimation was implemented into the chamber’s functionality. The sound is measured using four electret microphones, then transferred to a computer utilizing stereo microphone inputs. The computing environment, MATLAB, and its functions were utilized by establishing a user friendly, interactive interface between the sensor hardware and the test environment. MATLAB’s functions and Graphical User Interface (GUI) feature, proved to be critical tools in simplifying the data acquisition, algorithmic and display processes. Before final construction, the sound location feature produced results with an average of 17% error. While after final construction, the number of trials that produced feasible results decreased drastically. This may be down to slight changes in the array geometry during the chamber’s construction process. This project is important as it provides engineering students at SUNY New Paltz, an opportunity to further enhance their exposure to acoustical testing techniques. The sound chamber will be used to verify analysis techniques learned in the classroom, in addition to providing research opportunities to students. However, the sound location feature is inadequate and still needs development.
    • Action through music: a resource for change. Music therapy for a therapeutic day school. A program proposal for Ulster BOCES special education building

      Zifchak, Edward (2019-08)
      I am proposing a music therapy program for an Ulster BOCES therapeutic day school for children and adolescents with special needs. Among the wide variety of services that Ulster BOCES provides, which include occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, counseling, a career academics program, intensive and typical management needs programs, a life skills development program, and an autism program for independent education, a music therapy program has yet to be developed. After working firsthand within this special education program as a substitute teacher, conversations about the potential to provide music therapy has caught the interest of the principal, assistant principal, and other faculty and staff who have endorsed the need for it. Throughout my master’s level education, I have learned a great deal about how music therapy can positively influence the lives and education of children and adolescents with unique needs. I feel my past interactions with and knowledge of this population gives me the skills necessary to provide music therapy at the Ulster BOCES Special Education site.
    • Actions and Responses: MFA Thesis - Painting

      O'Hara, Colleen (2016-05)
      My process in the studio challenges notions of control versus chance. I work with fluid acrylic paint and inks applied to paper through pouring, throwing and dripping. I do this to maximize the spontaneity of the material and minimize my control. By manipulating the paint with squeegees, brooms, mops and other non-conventional mark making tools, I remove my preconceptions from the making of a mark. At this point, the information is created as the result of an event. This event is an external experience between the paint, the paper, and my body applying it, as well as the space we occupy. I am not proposing that I make paintings in which I am completely removed from decision making or control: rather I place myself in a dialogue with materials in real space and time, thus giving experience and movement the upper hand over my mind. Much of what I think about in regard to my practice parallels ideas of Phenomenology, the philosophy of experience. Specifically, I am interested in how my process relates to the concept of Aletheia, Martin Heidegger's ideas about thinking, and to Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s concept of active engagement in the world as a means of gathering information.
    • Adjustment Challenges for East Asian International Students

      Wang, Mian (2011-08-31)
      The process of adjusting to a new cultural environment is often considered to be quite stressful. International students of East Asian backgrounds sometimes experience even greater adjustment challenges (e.g., language barriers) which may lead to elevated stress levels. The psychological well-being of these students is also endangered if their excessive stress is not controlled and ameliorated. The current thesis therefore provides an in-depth review of literature documenting common stressors reported by East Asian international students, and the relationship of such stressors to possible outcomes such as depression and anxiety disorders. To better inform services providers about East Asian international students’ unique needs, help-seeking attitudes and behaviors of these students will also be briefly reviewed. Limitations of prior studies, future research directions, as well as suggestions for ways to better assist East Asian internationals are also discussed.
    • Affordable housing: there’s more to this than meets the wallet a longform, multimedia news report

      Staniscia, Tina (2020-05)
      The print article called, “Affordable Housing: This is More Than Meets the Wallet,” is a multimedia presentation with text, photographs, and data visualizations. Unfortunately, the human face/voice is lacking, providing another side to my story. But the professionals in their fields were incredibly generous with their time and expertise. With the focus being on my hometown of the City of Poughkeepsie, the pandemic has indeed stalled some projects which are providing new and renovated housing units, but others continue to move forward. For a future article, I hope to re-interview the Mayor, and others who can give me a different perspective about how they see the city continue to improve.
    • After the tipping point: investigating visuals of transgender bodies in magazine media

      Manzella, Samantha L. (2018-08)
      How do we trouble cisnormativity in a world that relies so heavily on gender identity? From the clothes we wear to the language we use, gender markers shape how we experience the world and engage with others. Too often, when we blur the boundaries of what “male” and “female” look like, we spur fear, confusion, and outrage. These sentiments have realworld repercussions: In 2017, Human Rights Campaign reported record-high numbers of fatal anti-transgender violence in America. After the Tipping Point: Investigating Visuals of Transgender People In Magazine Media seeks to explore the intersection of modern media and trans identities by analyzing editorial photographs of transgender individuals after TIME’s professed “transgender tipping point” in 2014. The project examines four key case studies from some of the U.S.’s most widely read magazines: Caitlyn Jenner’s Vanity Fair cover story (July 2015); Aydian Dowling’s Men’s Health photo spread (November 2015); National Geographic’s “Gender Revolution” issue (January 2017); and Ines Rau’s Playboy photo spread (November/December 2017), to investigate how, why, and for whom these images are produced and relate them to literature on the complex nature of publicly visible bodies. Because media content both manifests culture and informs it, magazines are a productive site for investigating public discourse on trans issues, including the shifts over time and limitations of such conversations. Though new photographs of transgender bodies have appeared in popular magazines post-“tipping point,” these depictions often fall prey to the familiar trappings of binary gender roles, highlighting the power of media representation as a force to both buck conventions and perpetuate them, sometimes simultaneously.
    • Age-related change in play: insights from a survey of Hudson Valley adults

      Ciraco, Maria R. (2019-12)
      This paper summarizes the findings of a local, unfunded study that analyzed changes in play across generations in the Hudson Valley. Adult participants were surveyed about their childhood play experiences to identify changes, or signs of decline of free play. The decline of free play in the United States has been studied by other professionals to hypothesize its future impact on children. Such research has brought about questions in regards to childhood development and academic success with future generations. Through a short survey, the experimenter examined changes in free play from 1924 to 2001. Changes include the setting of free play, the amount of time allotted for free play, the amount of supervision in play, and the use of electronics in play. The results of this study displays qualitative and quantitative evidence of changes in free play in the Hudson Valley.
    • Age-Related Stigma and the Golden Section Hypothesis

      Widrick, Rebekah M. (2010-03-18)
      The present study used the golden section hypothesis to examine age-related identities. The golden section hypothesis predicts that people will organize incoming information in a ratio-type pattern. When rating phenomena on bipolar constructs, people assign others to the positive pole of the constructs 61.8% of the time and to the negative pole the remaining 38.2% of the time. The present study predicted that people would rate identities of the aging population in accordance with a reverse golden section hypothesis. That is, people would assign negative ratings 61.8% of the time and positive ratings 38.2% of the time. Approximately 148 surveys were analyzed. Along the top of the golden section survey were 15 identities: child, elderly person, grandparent, middle-aged adult, nurse, musician, adolescent, senior citizen, business person, lawyer, secretary, mental patient, homeless person, retired person, and self. Along the left side of the survey were 12 adjective pairs: generous-stingy, pleasant-unpleasant, true-false, fairunfair,active-passive, energetic-lethargic, sharp-dull, excitable-calm, strong-weak, boldtimid, hard-soft, and rugged-delicate. Results indicated that elderly person and senior citizen were rated in a manner consistent with the reverse golden section hypothesis. In keeping with previous findings, the self was rated positively precisely 71% of the time while combined ratings of the remaining identities were consistent with the traditional golden section hypothesis. Finally, it was hypothesized that mental patient and homeless person together would produce a reverse golden section hypothesis, but this hypothesis was not supported. Findings shed light on society’s power to influence thought. Because American society has coupled aging with stigma, people have come to associate erroneous interpretations with certain age-related terms.
    • AlterPieces: MFA Thesis - Metal

      Williams, Amy (2014-05)
      Focusing on the intertwining themes of fantasy, identity, and value, this thesis uses jewelry to explore the role of the alter ego. Participants were invited to share stories and descriptions of alternate identities arising from sources such as role-playing games, online forums, and historical reenactments; these narratives were used to make a series of thirteen portrait miniatures in the medium of painted vitreous enamel. The work was created as experimental pseudo-anthropology—artifacts for both person and persona—with the ultimate questions of validity and reality left to the viewer.
    • Ambiguous Loss: A Critical Review of Current Research

      Purcell, Jessica (2010-03-18)
      This paper reviews past and current literature pertaining to Ambiguous Loss (AL), provides critique of current research, outlines possible directions for future research, and evaluates the most effective practices for treating AL. Two specific types of AL will be addressed: Physical and Emotional/Cognitive. In Physical AL the loved one is physically absent with no remains or opportunity for closure. Emotional/Cognitive AL occurs when the loved one is physically present but emotionally/cognitively absent. Lack of breadth and depth of research on this topic, especially as related to effective therapeutic approaches, indicates many possible avenues for further research. Quantitative data on best practices is nonexistent.
    • American macaroni: MFA Thesis - Ceramics  

      Rosenbach, Heather (2019-05)
      Working predominantly in ceramics, I seek to explore the concept of lowbrow art, verging on ugly, in conjunction with personal experiences growing up lower middle class-to-working class. Memories are exposited through narrative imagery and joke-telling. Political issues surrounding class vs. worth, fine art vs. lowbrow are discussed with satire and humor to deliver a personal message.
    • American politics: a local government analysis of how gender influences the decision to run for office

      Eckwall, Morgan (2019-05)
      How does gender affect the decision to run for local office? This article explains how the socialization of traditional gender roles influenced a public perception where men are more qualified for political positions than women, and how in turn, the public-perception influenced a negative self-perception where women feel less qualified to run for office. In addition to those factors, this article explains how political party, professional career and recruitment opportunities pose challenges for women where they pose fewer to no challenges for men. Identifying these factors is necessary in order for women to one day achieve representation proportional to their population. The survey conducted in this research on local town and city council governments throughout New York State, seeks to uncover how all of those factors influenced the decision to run for local office.
    • Analysis of ground plane size, topography and location on a monopole antenna's performance utilizing 3-D printing

      Ciraco, Vito (2021-09)
      The monopole antenna is widely used in communication applications and is typically mounted on various surfaces that act as ground planes; a prime example being the roof of a car. The shape of the ground plane can drastically change the patterns of the electromagnetic radiation of a monopole antenna as well as its RF performance. Extensive work [1,12-13] has been done on the numerical modeling of arbitrarily shaped ground planes. However, due to their geometric complexity, there is very little work reported on the practical testing component of physical antennas with these obscure ground plane structures. This thesis illustrates how the additive manufacturing process presented can be used to physically realize arbitrarily shaped ground planes and provides a low-cost process to verify the numerical model. Ground Planes were modified while maintaining the same antenna length to evaluate the impact on antenna performance. The antenna was not optimized or changed to a standard antenna design. Varying radius spherical ground planes are modelled, as well as modified ground plane structures to evaluate the impact of the ground plane on a 1.3GHz monopole antenna's performance and in some cases to modify the antenna's performance in terms of gain, bandwidth, and radiation pattern. Designs such as the planar ground with horn was found to enhance monopole bandwidth by more than 5 times that of a standard planar ground but significantly deteriorate the antenna's radiation pattern. Moreover, complex geometry such as the fin sphere ground plane offered a 25% increase in gain relative to the standard sphere ground. Designs like the edge-mounted sphere can offer directive gain and radiation characteristics simply by altering the antennas' location mount location with respect to its ground plane. The techniques presented in this thesis offer new ways of producing 3-D printed ground planes for RF applications that are easier to manufacture, lighter in weight, and can enhance antenna performance over their conventional counterparts.