Browsing SUNY College at New Paltz by Subject "Older adults"
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Age-Related Stigma and the Golden Section HypothesisThe present study used the golden section hypothesis to examine age-related identities. The golden section hypothesis predicts that people will organize incoming information in a ratio-type pattern. When rating phenomena on bipolar constructs, people assign others to the positive pole of the constructs 61.8% of the time and to the negative pole the remaining 38.2% of the time. The present study predicted that people would rate identities of the aging population in accordance with a reverse golden section hypothesis. That is, people would assign negative ratings 61.8% of the time and positive ratings 38.2% of the time. Approximately 148 surveys were analyzed. Along the top of the golden section survey were 15 identities: child, elderly person, grandparent, middle-aged adult, nurse, musician, adolescent, senior citizen, business person, lawyer, secretary, mental patient, homeless person, retired person, and self. Along the left side of the survey were 12 adjective pairs: generous-stingy, pleasant-unpleasant, true-false, fairunfair,active-passive, energetic-lethargic, sharp-dull, excitable-calm, strong-weak, boldtimid, hard-soft, and rugged-delicate. Results indicated that elderly person and senior citizen were rated in a manner consistent with the reverse golden section hypothesis. In keeping with previous findings, the self was rated positively precisely 71% of the time while combined ratings of the remaining identities were consistent with the traditional golden section hypothesis. Finally, it was hypothesized that mental patient and homeless person together would produce a reverse golden section hypothesis, but this hypothesis was not supported. Findings shed light on society’s power to influence thought. Because American society has coupled aging with stigma, people have come to associate erroneous interpretations with certain age-related terms.
A review in geriatrics and quality of care: impact of communication disorders on older adultsThe interaction of physical and mental health factors determines life quality and social participation levels. Many conditions and communication disorders also contribute. Three that are highly prevalent in the older adult population are age-induced hearing loss (presbycusis), dementia/aphasia, and traumatic brain injuries. A brief overview is provided on the physiology of these conditions, as well the effects they have on someone’s language status. Due to the varying natures of the disorders, their comorbidity and overlapping development will be considered. The geriactric population is further examined in terms of nationality and economic background. This provides a focus on how different populations face a variety of issues because of these conditions. Health support systems that work with individuals to satisfy their needs are evaluated, in terms of the acceptance and accessibility they provide. The biases and issues resultant of healthcare disparities are expanded upon. Psychological and social systems of older adults are considered, as well as how they change when health or communication fails to function. Specific topics addressed include the development of mental illness, the effects of communication loss on social skills, and challenges with self image. The availability of support systems is vital. Understanding practices and systems that threaten life areas and quality of life for older adults enables service providers to produce better outcomes through advocacy.