Recent Submissions

  • Stress management in college students: why journaling is the most effective technique for this demographic

    Pastore, Caitlin (2020-05)
    Stress is a major health problem that faces college students today. There are many stress management techniques that get attention in the media or become popular in the form of “fads,” but journaling is one technique that goes underappreciated. This thesis will be an in-depth literature review that aims to show the effectiveness of journaling as a stress management technique among college students. Journaling will be comprehensively analyzed in order to determine the factors that make it more effective than other techniques. Other techniques that will be examined in comparison to journaling include meditation, exercise and therapy. Some factors that will be used in the examination of these techniques are cost, accessibility, convenience and overall effectiveness. The implications of this research will be applicable to all college campuses in implementing stress reduction initiatives, and in promoting overall positive well-being for their students.
  • The evolution of cannibalism in Lake Minnewaska

    O’Brien, Brenna (2020-05)
    Cannibalism is the evolutionary anomaly where an organism consumes individuals of the same species. Through literature analysis, the conditions that foster cannibalism are introduced and explained with principles of evolution. The different types of cannibalism are identified with examples that cover a variety of invertebrate and vertebrate organisms. The cultural and biological evolution of cannibalistic practices observed in humans are also discussed. The scope of cannibalism and its adaptations are narrowed by case studies of fish, and specifically the largemouth bass. An experimental design was proposed by the Richardson lab in order to determine the health of largemouth bass in the New York lake, Lake Minnewaska. The largemouth bass were the only fish species to inhabit Lake Minnewaska since 2014, so the health of this population was determined from data acquired by mark and recapture, scale analysis, and standard measurement techniques. The relatively stable population trends and below average growth of the largemouth bass were consistent with the literature on cannibalistic largemouth bass and supported the hypothesis that cannibalism was an evolutionarily adaptive means of survival for the largemouth bass in Lake Minnewaska. The evolution of cannibalistic practices under starvation environments was exemplified in the largemouth bass population of Lake Minnewaska and may be used to understand the state of natural ecosystems.
  • Academic advising during a global pandemic

    Musmacker, Brooke (2020-05)
    A major goal that nearly all undergraduate students have is to graduate. But how to do that? What do they have to do? Who can they go to with questions during their most stressful days? Advisors. Advisors are key individuals that students in the college and university settings depend upon for support and guidance during their journeys to discover their passion, themselves, their career paths, and to graduate. During the worldwide Coronavirus pandemic of 2020, schools, colleges, and non-essential businesses have become remote. With these closures, colleges have been forced to transition, not only classes, but also support systems to an alternative, and somewhat unfamiliar, communication style. Primarily, advising is reliant on in- person meetings and creating genuine connections, a feat that becomes much more difficult when human interaction is limited or cut off. The following will focus on crisis adaptation and whether or not incorporating remote advising could be beneficial when in-person advising is a possibility.
  • The reality of black owned business, what can we do to make a difference?

    McDonald, Lonniece (2020-05)
    As a black woman studying finance, I am concerned about the success of black owned businesses. I explore the history of black owned businesses highlighting challenges and factors that made them successful. Going back as far as the 18th century, black people have always been a part of the business community but unfortunately were never able to prosper immensely compared to white businesses. They have been systematically oppressed and suffered from hidden agendas inflicted by the white race; including but not limited to; racism, sexism, classism and the list goes on, causing a cycle of debt. After interviewing a few individuals involved with the business industry, we continue to see people of color face similar problems. It is only through education and with the help of organizations devoted to the economic development of black communities that we see black businesses thriving. While there are a number of black owned businesses with successful stories, black people are inadvertently struggling to find investments and run a self-sufficient business. Reasons ranging from a lack of support from their communities to poor reputation from white superiors. As a result, black businesses are disproportionately represented, impairing their socio-economic status and causing a life of struggle. With everything being said, there is a way that we can help black owners achieve success and get the proper investment needed for their businesses. With the help of banks, local communities, government officials etc., people can work together to uplift black businesses. There is a dire need to establish diversity, equity and inclusion, support groups, directly invest in black owned businesses, and educate the ignorant and uncertain. The end goal is for people to have the same opportunities, despite their race class or gender, and to develop a world where there are a higher number of black owned businesses thriving.
  • Composting the Big Apple: climate mitigation efforts in New York City

    Mayer, Lindsey (2020-05)
    55% of the world’s population lives in cities(United Nations 2018). Cities are responsible for high pollution levels, with urban areas making up for 67% of greenhouse gases (World Bank 2018). The question is what are cities doing to mitigate climate change since urban areas are massive contributors to pollution? International organizations are in place for cities to partner together on the topic of climate change. The New Urban Agenda gives cities a framework to mitigate climate change while the C40 transnational climate network gives city leaders the opportunity to share ideas on addressing climate change. To understand the progress cities have made, Helsinki and Copenhagen are closer to a zero-carbon reality. When looking at New York Cities’ effort compared to other cities, New York City has made progress in reducing its carbon dioxide level, but the city still has room for improvement. New York City has seen a decrease in carbon dioxide in the building sector and the waste sector. There has been only a .1 percent decrease in emissions from transportation between 2014 and 2015. Looking at specific policy, New York City must be pushing for sustainable alternatives that lower greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Dream catchers

    LaSita, Emily (2020-05)
    Laurel is a fifteen-year-old who has grown up in foster-care, moving from home to home. She considers herself to be fairly normal, aside from the small fact that she keeps having dreams of dead people she doesn’t know, asking for their dying wishes. When her caseworker, Gina, brings Laurel to her new rich foster-family, where she must attend a new school with privileged kids, she begins to uncover the mysteries of their lives as well as her own. Some things aren’t as they seem and what might happen to her new friends, the memory of her “clients” and Gina if these secrets are exposed?
  • The spirit of a composer: 
an analysis of the works of Joe Hisaishi

    Laaninen, Mark (2020-05)
    Joe Hisaishi is one of the most prominent and popular composers in modern Japan. Whether he writes European inspired Waltzes, Jazz inspired piano pieces, or airy music box pieces, Hisaishi’s music remains utterly unmistakable in all its forms. This characteristic sound inspired my research. I set out to analyse several of Joe Hisaishi’s most well known pieces to understand the building blocks of his trademark musical style. But analysis could only take me so far. I also wrote a pair of pieces drawing directly from the techniques I observed in Hisaishi’s work to have a deeper understanding of how and why he uses the techniques he does. My findings changed the way I viewed Hisaishi’s music. Hisaishi’s musical sensibility synthesizes classical tonal techniques of counterpoint and more modern techniques, particularly the superimposition of relative major and minor tonalities.
  • Literature in America: the effect of worldstates on literary popularity

    Kapusinsky, Carly (2020-05)
    How does the impact of historical events which occurred throughout a generation’s formative years affect the popularity of stories, and how might this analysis be used for current estimations of literary trends?
  • Watering strange fruits: a study and analysis of the inadequate advising received by students of color at a predominantly white institution

    Joseph, Eryka “Ree” (2020-05)
    Throughout predominantly white institutions nationwide, the contemporary issues surrounding race, access, ethnicity, and diversity have been put under an increasingly bright spotlight over the past decade, calling into question the impact these matters have on a Student of Color in regards to educational control. The main aim of this dissertation is to examine how Students of Color, attending predominantly white institutions, are not being supported in academic spaces, specifically in regards to academic advising. Moreover, how they are redefining and reclaiming what scholarship means to them. This dissertation will possibly be structured in five main chapters: (1) Introduction, referring to aim, scope and background reasoning, (2) Case Study, addressing the methodology and analysis of interviews, (3) Literary Analysis, addressing prior scholarly works surrounding this issue, (4) Solutions, discussion on how to fix the question at hand, and (5) Conclusions, Limitations and Future Research, discussing the relevance and how this can and will mostly be used for future implementation for master’s work, professors and future career work as a diversity and inclusion expert.
  • Making an online movement:
 a content analysis of tweets by @AMarch4OurLives account

    Hannan, Erin (2020-05)
    The March for Our Lives movement began four days after another historic school shooting occurred at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. With more than 400,000 followers in 2020 and more than a million supporters taking part in nationwide school walkouts and protests over the last two years, this social media movement that began with #MarchForOurLives has developed into a rigorous campaign to call on U.S. elected officials to change gun-control and for citizens to get educated and vote. This study looks at how Twitter users engaged with the March for Our Lives movement’s (@AMarch4OurLives) original tweets from February 18, 2018 to December 31, 2019. The impact of this social media movement has resulted in unprecedented U.S. policy changes on gun-reform and an ongoing conversation on gun control policy. A content analysis was conducted (n = 500) to discover what characteristics of the tweets such as topic, tone, hashtags, and year influenced social media engagement in the form of likes, retweets, and replies. The purpose of this research was to uncover how the popularity of this movement online could have played a role in setting a new political agenda on gun-control. The results showed that tweets about the topics of the NRA received the most replies from Twitter users, and tweets pertaining to the topic of shootings gained greater user engagement in the form of likes and retweets. The general tone of @AMarch4OurLives tweets on a 5-point scale of negative to positive varied depending on the topic of the tweet, with an average tone of all the tweets being slightly above neutral (M= 3.38). Lastly, the results of this study reflected that tweets posted in 2019 received less user engagement than tweets in 2018 which were shared closer to the events of the Parkland shooting.
  • Parental autonomy support and transformational leadership in student resident assistants

    Halligan, Samuel (2020-05)
    This study investigated the association between parental autonomy support and transformational leadership in resident assistants at the State University of New York at New Paltz. Resident assistants (n= 35) were asked a series of questions about their leadership style, personality, and parents. Results indicated that there was no relationship between parental autonomy support and transformational leadership for resident assistants, but that there were relationships between father involvement and transactional leadership, and openness to new experiences and transformational leadership.
  • Neuromodulation of aggression behavior by Neuropeptide-F in Drosophila melanogaster

    Gopee, Tyler (2020-04)
    Neuromessenger proteins such as Neuropeptide-F (NPF) have been linked to aggression in animals such as the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. To better understand NPF’s influence on aggression, we investigated the direct effects of NPF release on fly fighting aggression behaviors. Utilizing targeted gene-expression techniques that can be confirmed via antibody- based immunohistochemical tissue analysis, we created a transgenic line of flies with light- inducible ion channels in NPF-secreting cells. Upon confirmation, utilizing optogenetic tools we performed fly fight bioassays in a ring with limited food to see the direct effects of NPF on aggression through light activation. The results of this study suggest the secretion of NPF impinges upon aggression circuits enough to depress aggression levels in flies.
  • Designing novels for a visual audience: font psychology, digital text, and the value of printed books

    Gay, Lauren (2020-05)
    In early book design, printed text was defined by production demands and economic pressures. The standard of book design that most people are familiar with reflects traditional needs for communication. Now that modern society has evolved beyond the need for printed text and relies primarily on digital media to receive information, book design must reach a new standard of artistic and personal value to remain relevant. This paper analyzes the history of printed books and their transition from a primary source of information into an art form, as well as the differences between digital and printed texts, font psychology, and the necessity of defining print and digital reading as separate experiences. The primary outcome of this study is a redesign of the classic novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë that highlights the central moments of the novel in a way that is visually appealing and more understandable to a large audience.
  • Accessing disability accommodations: the barriers that college students face when trying to even the playing field

    Fachin, Brianna (2020-05)
    An increasing amount of people with disabilities have decided to attend post-secondary school. Disabilities can make schooling more difficult making it harder for students with disabilities to obtain degrees in higher education. Accommodations such as extended time on tests or receiving digital notes aid students with disabilities in achieving higher grades in class. Disability accommodations essentially even the playing field for students which is why laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) have been put in place. The Americans with Disabilities Act ensures that accommodations will be available for students. Recent studies have suggested that students with disabilities that take advantage of the accommodations that are available to them are more successful academically and have higher graduation rates. Despite the fact that accommodations are available, many students with disabilities do not choose to use them. There are many different reasons why students may not take advantage of these accommodations, all of which have the ability to alter the quality of the education experience for students with disabilities.
  • Jamie’s Italian ice business plan

    Ericksen, Jamie (2020-05)
    Italian ices is a popular frozen dessert that is not yet offered in the town of New Paltz. This document outlines a business plan to sell Italian ices by day and a frozen alcoholic treat by night. This product will be distributed from a push cart located in the heart of New Paltz. Through data, research, and my own personal findings, a complete breakdown of the company is discussed in detail. This breakdown includes the company overview, the marketing and management plan, the financial plan, and everything in between to realistically start this business venture. The purpose of this establishment will be to accommodate a frozen dessert to customers with dietary restrictions as well as bring an American staple to the Hudson Valley.
  • The territorial expansion of rising powers

    Dalland, Konrad (2020-05)
    This paper is concerned with why rising states choose to skirt international norms and expand their territory. As opposed to explaining territorial expansion as the result a need for material benefits and physical security (Realism); territorial expansion is seen as a practice states that see themselves as a great power will use when their identities are misrecognized. It examines the affects of status recognition on a rising state’s identity in order to ascertain if and when a rising state will expand. Rising powers will attempt to have their identity as a great power recognized by established powers. If that identity is recognized then the rising power is accepted in their great power identity and joins the established powers as the leaders of the international order. If the identity of the rising power is misrecognized then the rising power will feel insecurity and mitigate that insecurity by reaffirming their identity. One of these ways of reaffirming ones identity is territorial expansion. My argument is that a rising power that has a great power identity will expand territorially only after it has been maximally misrecognized by established powers. I examine the relationship between the United States, NATO and Russia from 2000 onward to explore this theory.
  • Performing history: artistic responses to tragic events

    Cooper, Miranda (2020-05)
    Stories are powerful because they break the repetitive, circular movements of life. Through both creation and destruction, imagination, and evoking reality, new movements can be created. Through the performativity that exists in David Albahari and Sylvia Plath’s Holocaust art, Götz and Meyer and “Daddy,” authors, and by extension, enactors find a balance between destruction and creation, imagination and evoking reality. This allows both to use the creative process to come to a greater understanding of the human condition within the context of the Holocaust and break the repetitive circular movement of patriarchal violence. The findings from this paper will be used as guideposts in the creation of the performative aspect of my honor’s thesis.
  • Epigraphic decoration of three time periods:
 case studies on the connection of written language and visual culture

    Cooke, Sophie (2020-05)
    This paper analyzes the connection of written language and artistic expression, through three case studies on epigraphy. Written language is secondary to spoken word and has been given various forms, even within the same culture. I aim to addresss the significance of written language in the cultural purpose of an object. Through three case studies I will analyze the way in which the artists are conveying a message to the viewer through written language. First is pectoral necklaces of Ancient Egypt, which are artistically produced and communicate a sentence in hieroglyphs. Second is the study of Greek funerary epigraphic decoration on tombstones which utilize first person narrative. First is pectoral necklaces of Ancient Egypt, which are artistically produced and communicate a sentence in hieroglyphs. First is the use of Pseudo-Arabic in the Italia Renaissance, particularly in paintings of religious subjects. Three very different cultures all carefully using language to convey political power, autonomy in death, and cultural literacy / connections to early Christianity, respectively. I will back up these connections with specific artistic objects, paying close attention to their purpose and cultural origins. I will convey the importance of the analysis of written language in an art historical sense, and its significance in the analysis of visual art.
  • The relationship between family socialization and financial behaviors in college students

    Casanova, Samantha (2020-05)
    This pilot study examined the relationship between family financial skills and behaviors and the financial behaviors and skills of college students. The goal of this study was to see if findings from Gudmunson and Danes (2011) who developed family financial socialization theory, would be replicated among SUNY New Paltz college students. Fifty-nine college students were surveyed using items from Jorgenson and Salva’s (2007) College Student Financial Literacy Survey (CSFLS). A correlational study was conducted; results suggested a positive, weak relationship; as family financial skills increased, financial skills increased. Overall results were not statistically significant; family financial interactions were not associated with the financial behaviors of college students. While no associations were identified at the variable level, at the item level, several associations were identified in the expected direction. Self- reported ability to manage one’s own finances was associated with learning about and observing financial management from parents/guardians. Self-reported ability to manage one’s own finances was associated with observing parents/guardians save money. Furthermore, among the 37 students who reported having one or more credit cards, family saving was negatively associated with owing money on one’s own credit cards. This research suggests the importance of family communication about financial skills and behaviors to encourage better financial behaviors in young adults.
  • Intersections between interpersonal trauma and substance use: increasing support in existing programs

    Bryden, Alexa (2020-05)
    Interpersonal trauma and substance abuse are two issues that are incredibly intertwined, but they are often treated as separate issues. This thesis will examine how interpersonal trauma and substance abuse interact, and discuss how existing treatment programs can be improved to create better outcomes for service participants.

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