• Assessment of Invasive Quagga Mussel Populations and Forced Circulation Devices on Lake Water Temperature in Otsego Lake, NY

      Yokota, Kiyoko; Stickney, Sierra (2021)
      Aquatic invasive species pose a threat to our local ecosystems and can have economic impacts. Quagga mussels (Dreissena bugensis) and Zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) are two types of invasive bivalves from Ukraine that have infiltrated Otsego Lake, in Otsego County, New York. Quagga mussels were recently identified in the Northern end of the lake on August 22, 2020. Both Quagga and Zebra mussels can be transported from water body to water body via watercrafts, fishing gear and other recreational equipment. Quagga mussels can survive and reproduce in deeper waters compared to zebra mussels. This poses a problem as reproductive females of Quagga mussels were observed in Lake Erie at a depth of 37 and 55 m, with temperatures ranging from 6 and 4.8°C respectively (Roe and MacIsaac 1997). Therefore, it can be expected that Quagga mussels could potentially colonize Otsego Lake all the way to the bottom. Additionally, several forced air circulation devices are found around Otsego Lake, including at the SUNY Oneonta Biological Field Station boathouse. These devices known as “ice eaters” prevent the formation of ice on the surface as it runs continuously through the winter. The artificial loss of ice at the surface, eliminates the natural “reverse stratification” where deeper water (4 to 5°C in Otsego Lake) is well protected from decreasing temperatures due to the less dense water and ice at the top. However, if more shoreline artificially loses ice, there could be faster “lake-wide-ice-out” in the spring when solar radiation and warmer air heat the surface of the water faster in the absence of snow or ice. Mussel sample traps will be deployed at several locations around Otsego Lake including locations near an “ice eater” and in deeper parts of the lake. In May, the traps will be collected and both Quagga and Zebra mussels will be tallied, sized, and estimated for age using the ridges located on the surface of the shell. Temperature loggers will be deployed by a rope attached to an anchor at strategic locations around the “ice eater” at BFS Boathouse. This will then capture data from the area affected by the artificial circulation as well control sites that have otherwise similar bathymetric and shoreline characteristics. This research aims to evaluate the ability of Quagga mussels to survive and grow during the winter of 2021, and this will be compared to the established Zebra mussel. This study also aims to determine the effects of continuous forced air circulation on lake water temperature. The results will aid in predicting the possible consequences of continued forced circulation on lake-wide thermal dynamics and how this may influence water quality. Additionally, the results from the mussel traps may reveal potential effects of ice eaters on the population dynamics between Zebra mussels and the recently introduced Quagga mussels.
    • Child Abuse, Gender, and the Cycle of Violence

      Seale, Elizabeth; Bohart, Katie (2021)
      This study is a secondary data analysis comparing 877 subjects and 877 controls, with specific focus on childhood victimization and adult crime correlations. Subjects were individuals found to have been abused or neglected in caseloads of a large urban county in the Northwest United States for 17 years. Controls were matched to subjects on the basis of socio-economic factors. We find that subjects are more likely to be charged with a violent crime as an adult than are controls. The percentage of subjects who were charged with a violent crime is 8.8%, compared to 0.8% of the control group. The second hypothesis – subjects of emotional, physical, or sexual abuse are more likely to commit violent crime as an adult than are subjects who have only been victims of neglect, or controls – is also supported: 8.7% of subjects who were emotionally, physically, or sexually abused were charged with a violent crime as an adult, compared to 2.9% of the group that was not subject to abuse. The third hypothesis tested is subjects whose abuse was perpetrated by a member of the same gender is more likely to commit a violent crime as an adult than those subjects whose abuse was not perpetrated by the same gender. It should be noted that the differences found by gender are not statistically significant. Implications of this study for understanding the cycle of violence is discussed.
    • Fashion Illustration through the Current Times

      Monchaitanapat, Jan (2021)
      My independent study focuses on fashion illustration as a vessel for creating beautiful thought-provoking garments that could be made in the future. There will be two components to my project, the study of diverse types of models, from petite to plus size, dynamic poses, and the use of multiple mediums to produce a unique collection of illustrated wearable art and traditional fashion plates. I will diverge from current fashion illustration by presenting more diverse and inclusive models and designs that spark innovation and inspiration for others. My research will include the influence of social movements, climate changes, and changing times due to current events on fashion trends and emerging new styles from textile innovations as well as recycled materials. I will use accessories, like different functional yet aesthetic masks types, to help enhance the visual experience of the illustrations that reflect our current “new normal.” I will be conducting research and applying the advance technical components of fashion illustration such as fashion design principles, illustration layouts and using a variety of mediums to mimic fabric drapery and textures. My study will be reflected in mood boards, references, and swatches along with the final fashion portfolio photographed for virtual review. My goal for the end of the project is to use these illustrations as a representation of my personality as well as my design aesthetic to further my fashion portfolio.
    • Groovy Outfitters: Modern Clothing for Old Souls, Fall/Winter 2021 Collection

      Portway, Sarah; Molumby, Niamh (2021)
      “Groovy Outfitters” is a clothing brand developed for a tentative business plan for the class Fashion Entrepreneurship (FASH 231) during the Spring 2020 semester. It is intended for potential investors with the purpose of obtaining a loan to launch the business. The brand is inspired by vintage clothes from the 1960s and 1970s. It is fun, retro clothing that is easy to mix and match and has big pockets that are perfect for the modern, on-the-go woman, combining vintage styles with modern comfort. The debut collection includes five pieces and caters to young women between the ages of 18 and 30 who live in New York. This business plan covers several vital aspects of starting a successful company, including illustrations of the products, market research, competition analysis, and financial planning.
    • Racism and Sexuality: How Women of Color Learn about Sex and the Body

      Seale, Elizabeth; Medrano, Jay (2021)
      The purpose of Racism and Sexuality: How Women of Color Learn about Sex and the Body is to explore how women and female-assigned people of color are taught about sexuality and sex-negativity through the lens of race. Sex negativity is described as the perception of sex being dangerous, harmful, or deviant; those who grow up in sex-negative cycles believe sex and therefore their body is shameful. Participants were nine women and female-assigned people of color aged 18-20 interviewed through Zoom due to COVID-19 restrictions. The results showed a triple jeopardy of youth, race, and gender as significant factors in how participants viewed body image and sexuality. Participants resorted to self-regulation as a way to combat certain perceptions and sex-negative roles in their daily lives as a result of their intersecting identities.
    • Student Textbook and Course Material Survey

      Jensen, Jennifer M. K.; Beck, Edward J.; Strauss, Jade; Cordice-Little, Britney (2021)
      The average cost of college textbooks has risen dramatically over the last decade, contributing to textbook price inflation and students’ inability to access the same educational resources. Open Educational Resources (OER) allow teaching, learning and research materials to be open to the public in any medium under a family of copyright licensing policies. Openly licensed course materials can be equally accessed by all students on the first day of classes and are often low or no cost. As students ourselves and workers with the on campus OER team, we constructed a Student Textbook Survey and explored the data to better understand the effects of textbook cost on students at Oneonta. The survey contains 21 questions that range from textbook accessibility, cost and purchasing logistics. Data is still being collected, and so far, our findings indicate the average amount of money spent on textbooks is ~$100-$300 each semester. A majority of student respondents indicated that they did not purchase/rent the required textbook for a course in the past. Students also informed us that throughout their entire college career approximately 5 books were purchased but then were not used in the course. This baseline survey analysis is a push for open educational resources to improve the OER initiative based on how students are affected by textbook costs.
    • Virtual Connectedness: Working Together to Create a Companion Site for Spanish Phonetics & Phonology

      Escudero, Alejandra; Carbone, Alyssa; Barreca, Nicole (2021)
      The creation of a resource for students who are struggling or who simply want to practice their skills, that is accessible to all, is crucial, especially during the current times of virtual learning. We have created a companion site for the Spanish Phonetics & Phonology course for all SUNY students to use, as there is no resource of its kind, that is in the target language (Spanish) and is free of cost for all students and faculty. This will be a long-lasting tool that will allow for clarification of concepts, practice with engaging virtual exercises, and many opportunities to exercise skills and learning. After students learn concepts in class, they can access the companion site to further reinforce the comprehension of content, test what they know, see diagrams, practice, and get tips from other students who have already taken the course. We use h5p plugins in order to create different types of interactive activities for students in each module, which enhance the practice and learning experience. Each module in the site follows the same structure: 1) objectives of the module, 2) a short pre-reading quiz, 3) the content of the module, used to review concepts covered in class with examples and diagrams, 4) a “tips from other students” section so that students can learn from other students who already took the course and remember some tricks that will help them when preparing for exams, 5) a section for activities and practice, and 6) a summary of what was covered in the module. Two key resources that have been crucial to the creation of the companion site are Pressbooks and Monday.com. Pressbooks is the site used to create content and interactive activities. Monday.com is a site that allows for task management, progress tracking, making comments, and for student-faculty accountability. This companion site is an Open Educational Resource (OER) and is ADA-compliant, so that all students- regardless of income and potential disability- can access it for free. This resource also falls into the category of Open Pedagogy, with our companion site being one of the few Open Pedagogy projects across the SUNY system, where content is planned and created by students under faculty supervision.
    • A wormy world: Summer research in fish parasitology at SUNY Oneonta

      Reyda, Florian; Mendez, Gustavo; Curtin, Claire; Whitcomb, Hannah; Fleming, Morgan; Bulmer, Emily; Nielsen, Emma; Reyda, Florian (2021)
      During the summer of 2021 four students – Gustavo Mendez, Hannah Whitcomb, Morgan Fleming and Emily Bulmer – assisted Florian Reyda with a variety of endeavors as part of the fish parasitology research program. Students were involved in both field work and laboratory work. A major focus was a study of the parasites of Oneida Lake fishes here in New York. Oneida Lake was the focus of a set of classic parasitological studies (Van Cleave & Mueller, 1932) that took place nearly 100 years ago. These studies are widely known within the field of fish parasitology (see Scholz & Choudhury, 2014) because they included descriptions of 33 new species of parasitic worms, from a diversity of fish species. Thus, Oneida Lake is the type locality (i.e., original place of discovery) for 33 species of parasitic worms—a truly remarkable number! Reyda and students conducted fish parasite survey of Oneida Lake fishes during the first half of the summer. The overall objective of that survey is to identify how many of the previously discovered 33 species of parasitic worms are still present today. They collected a diversity of fish from one particular stream, Chittenango Creek, but also examined a diversity of fish that were provided by colleagues at the Cornell Biological Field Station. Reyda and students also examined fish samples from Otsego Lake and Moe Pond—two water bodies that are accessible via the SUNY Oneonta Biological Field Station. In August, Reyda and three students traveled to Douglas Lake Michigan in order to sample fish parasites there. The specific objective was to collect two species of thorny-headed worms (acanthocephalans), from their type locality. One of those species, Octospinifer macilentus was the specific focus of one of the students in the lab, Claire Curtin. The survey work was an extra challenge because the main fish of interest, white sucker, were few and far between in the streams, and it took miles of stream walking with a backpack shocker in order to encounter enough white sucker to constitute a decent sample size. We obtained one of the two target species, but unfortunately not the one Claire needed for her project. In addition to field work, during summer students performed fish dissections in the lab and isolated parasites that they then prepared as permanent microscope slides. This aspect of the summer work is very important because it results in a set of study specimens that students can use for independent study projects during the upcoming academic year.