• Gathering the perspectives of individuals with American sign language (ASL) as a First language (L1) on their English language acquisition

      Slegaitis, Erin (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2018-05)
      To continue to improve best practice for education, we must continue to research and improve our understanding of educational methodologies and the students who we work with. One way that we continue to improve is by seeking to identify perspectives which are either underrepresented or where there is a gap in the known research. Students who have American Sign Language (ASL) as a first language (L1) fall into that category regarding the lack of prevalent research into their unique language learning needs. Therefore, this study aims to give a voice to the perspectives of those who have ASL as an L1 on their English language acquisition experiences. The perspectives were gathered through an online survey which identified several key factors in the language acquisition experience. There were 7 participants in this study 3 who were deaf and 4 who were Children of Deaf Adult(s) (CODA)s. They share the characteristic of having ASL as a first language and their experiences provided insight into what made learning English a positive experience and where improvements may need to be made. Results showed that there might be positive correlations between an individual's self-efficacy, teacher efficacy, use of the L1 in the classroom, and direct English language instruction on the positive experience of acquiring English for individuals with ASL as an L1. Research must continue in these areas to determine the underlining features which contributed to these results and to add more information to the base of knowledge on English language acquisition for individuals with ASL as an L1. [from author's abstract]
    • Gender Games/Trauma Games: Gender and Victimology in the Hunger Games Trilogy

      Scherer, Ellen (State University of New York at Fredonia, 2015-08)
      In this thesis, I claim that victimhood and vulnerability can be used as a form of agency. I argue that many of the problems associated with the concept of vulnerability come from an outdated and binary way of thinking about gender. A brief review of media and literature reveals that this way of thinking has a history of plaguing the YA novel, thus limiting the ways in which YA readers think about women and vulnerability. Using elements of queer, feminist and trauma critical theory, I prove Suzanne Collins' Hunger Games trilogy creates the opportunity for the trauma of victimhood and vulnerability to be used for individual agency.
    • Get your facts straight! : the relationship among self-efficacy, automaticity, and mathematics achievement of adult-learners.

      Jagoda, Joseph R. (2013-01-17)
      In this experiment, adult learners at an alternative education program were asked to complete a timed multiplication drill and a survey identifying their self-efficacy prior to taking the TABE Mathematics. Upon completion of the three instruments, an analysis was performed to identify the nature of any existing correlations between TABE scores and both the multiplication drill scores and self-efficacy survey scores, respectively. The analysis revealed that a significant positive correlation existed between the TABE and the multiplication drill, and that a significant positive correlation existed between the TABE and the self-efficacy survey.
    • The Great Divide: A Study That Examines the Understanding of Long Division Across Multiple Generations

      Sturm, Steven (State University of New York at Fredonia, 2016-06)
      This research explores the understanding of the long division algorithm across multiple generations. It was hypothesized that over time, people either forget how to complete long division problems, or become more inaccurate when asked to solve a long division problem. Specifically, it was hypothesized that students between the ages of 12 and 17 would be more accurate than those between 18 and 23, and adults 24 or older. The results of this study indicate that students between the ages of 12 and 17 and adults 24 and older outperformed students between the ages of 18 and 23. However, there was no significant difference between 12 to 17 year olds and adults 24 or older as well as no significant difference in gender as a whole. Student work samples were collected and analyzed to observe the common mistakes made when dealing with the long division algorithm and inferences were made about how educators can combat these mistakes and misconceptions.
    • Grit relationship to student grade point average

      Erickson, Jordin (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2017-05)
      The importance of choosing students for a specific program has been something many specialized schools struggle with. There is little research completed on the relationship between Grit and GPA on middle school aged students. The author collected data on student grade point averages GPA and Grit score from 10th grade students who were enrolled in a dual college high school program. The top 5 performing students and bottom 5 performing students according to GPA were selected for the study. The researcher was investigating if there was a relationship between student GPA and Grit score. The findings showed there was a relationship between Grit and GPA. [from abstract]
    • Harmony, Mode and Meaning in Olivier Messiaen's La Nativite du Seigneur.

      Hoedle, Michael Joseph (2013-01-24)
      No Author abstract.
    • Have You Met Ric?

      Gilman, Jennifer (2013-10-21)
      This research explores misconceptions about metric conversion and the difficulties behind metric unit estimation. It was believed that middle school students would be able to convert from a large to a small metric unit more accurately than converting from a small to a large metric unit. Furthermore, it was also hypothesized that middle school students would be able to estimate units smaller than a meter more accurately than units of a meter or larger. During the study, students completed a ten-problem assessment containing conversion and estimation questions. The assessment was generated by studying past New York state exams. After the assessment, students completed a six-question follow-up survey. The results of the study indicated that students struggle with conversion questions regardless of the direction of the conversion. Additional results revealed that students were more accurate when they converted linear distances versus volume and capacity; students could estimate units smaller than a meter more accurately than units of a meter or larger, and there was no significant difference in the accuracy of estimation based on grade level. These results pose multiple implications for teachers. Educators need to be prepared to spend equal amounts of time teaching different types of conversions and educators need to find more time to teach and practice estimation during everyday activities.
    • The hitchhiker's guide to linear programming.

      Spencer, Allison (2013-01-11)
      No author abstract.
    • How Common Core Standards can be met through narrative play in a prekindergarten classroom.

      Adduci, Kathleen (2015)
      This qualitative case study investigated whether or not the Common Core State Standards could be met through narrative play in a prekindergarten classroom. This study aimed to answer the following questions: Can the standards in the New York State Prekindergarten Foundation for the Common Core be met through narrative play in the classroom? What specific skills under each developmental domain are being met through narrative play? What is the classroom teacher’s perception of the relationship between narrative play and the Prekindergarten Common Core State Standards? The participants were 15 prekindergarten children in a classroom in a rural school district in Western New York. The findings proved that when teachers intentionally provide meaningful materials for the children to use during narrative play, most of the standards across the five domains in the Prekindergarten Foundation for the Common Core can be met. Early childhood teachers can use this research to understand how developmentally appropriate play can still meet the requirements that New York State provides; it is not necessary to use only paper-and-pencil activities in order to meet the requirements.
    • How are teachers in Chautauqua county implementing the accommodation of assistive technology to impact the academic achievement of elementary students with disabilities?

      Palka, Emily (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2017-05)
      With the passage of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 2004, Assistive Technology (AT) has become a device or service teachers can implement into their classroom in order to better serve the needs of their students. Research has shown that technology is on the rise: more schools are implementing AT devices and services and more teacher preparation programs are introducing future teachers to the different types of AT available. This study looks into the different AT used within two rural schools in Chautauqua County: School 1 (S1) having a high population of students with visual impairments and School 2 (S2) with a population of students with a variety of disabilities. The results show both schools use different types and amounts of AT. S1 uses a large variety of AT to assist the students with visual impairments. S2 uses a very small variety of AT, with hopes more AT will become available to the students. Future research could continue the exact study and visit the remaining school districts and speak with their special educators on the types of AT they are presently using in their classroom. Future research could also follow up with S1 and S2 to see if any technology has evolved or been replaced, since technology is always evolving. [from author's abstract]
    • How home literacy skills lead to academic achievement

      Bursee, Jacquelyn (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2017-05)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the effect family has on emergent literacy skills of children and how that can effect academic achievement within the classroom. A qualitative research design was used to examine what home literacy practices parents engage in with their first grade child, how these practices lead to academic achievement and how parents' ethnicity or socio-economic status can effect parental involvement outside of school. The researcher held focus groups for students and surveyed parents about their home literacy environment. The purpose of this research was to understand which students were practicing literacy strategies in their home and which specific strategies they were using. The researcher adapted and modified the questions for the focus group from Readtosucceedbuffalo.org and used Survey Monkey as a reference and a framework to survey the participants in this study. {from abstract]
    • How long does it take to go 80 miles if you driving 80 mph?

      Schake, Elizabeth M. (2014)
      This study examined the methods and skills of college students to solve problems based on rates of changes and unit conversions. It was hypothesized that students have misconceptions about rates of change and unit conversions, students would make the most mistakes when solving problems with multiple tasks, and that students would rely on textbook methods when the context is unfamiliar. Participants took an assessment consisting of six problems ranging in difficulty according to the number of mathematical tasks within the problem and the students’ familiarity with the context. Students also completed a short survey in order for the researcher to collect background information on each student. In addition to grading the assessment based on correctness, the methods that students used for each problem were categorized. The results of this study indicated that problems solved using a logical or narrative method were answered correctly more so than problems solved using other methods. The problem with the most mathematical tasks proved to be the most difficult problem for the students to answer correctly.
    • How Much Is Enough?

      Steger, Justin L. (2013-01-17)
      No author abstract.
    • I Saw the Sign and it Opened up my Eyes I Saw the Sign!

      Kisiel, Valeri M. (2013-01-28)
      No author abstract.
    • Identifying important habitat features for Bat conservation using acoustic sampling and GIS.

      Townsend, Jonathan Peter (2014)
      Bat populations worldwide have been under pressure for decades due to loss of habitat, roost disturbances and environmental toxins. Recently a fungus causing White Nose Syndrome has been infecting bat hibernacula in the United States, and to date has killed almost 6 million bats. In order to improve bat conservation efforts, habitat delineations and bio-acoustical sampling were conducted along two transects in Chautauqua County, NY from mid-May until the end of August, 2013. Surveys were vehicular, and driven between 29 - 32 k mph in order to match bats flying speed. They were conducted 30 min after sunset on nights where the temperature was > 13°C. Twenty surveys were completed, and 1248 bats were identified to species. Log-linear analysis revealed a significant relationship between bat calling activity and forested habitats, specifically for big brown, silver haired, eastern red, and hoary bats. Wetland, stream, and residential habitats as well as elevation were also shown to have a significant relationship with calling activity. This study supports the hypothesis that bats forage in somewhat different habitats at the species level, and indicates the relatively strong importance of forested areas to bats. Additionally, the methodology for this study has the potential to gather rather large data sets in a short period of time, while collecting data on several species of bat at once.
    • Identity of categorization of adolescent refugees and its implication of teaching

      Glaser, Hannah; Glaser, Hannah (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2017-05)
      This study addresses the problem: When refugee children go through puberty they have additional factors, such as trauma, societal views, and cultural conflicts that contribute to their forming identities. Based off of the literature, the questions that drove this research were: What identity groups do adolescent refugees in the participating school identity with; how can teachers better include adolescent refugees and their experiences in classroom instruction? The purpose of this study was to determine which identities adolescent refugees associate with; these being assimilation, marginalization, integration, and segregation. Each of the four groups focus in on how individuals associate themselves with their home culture and new culture. The literature from this topic developed into a mixed-methods research study. The participating school was selected because of its large refugee student population and was located in Western New York. Six teachers and thirteen students were given questionnaires in their preferred language, which were used for data collection. The questions were designed to narrow down the students' responses into one of the four major identity groups. The research findings indicate that within this school, the majority of the students identify with the integration group. However, within the findings, there were some students that identified with the assimilation and segregation groups as well. This being said, implications for teachers are to teach adolescent refugees by using translanguaging strategies, growth mindset, and scaffolding. This study may provide as baseline data for future research in this field. [from author's abstract]
    • The impact of an inquiry based approach on attitude, motivation and achievement in a high school physics laboratory.

      Bittinger, David J. (2015)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an inquiry style laboratory on attitude, achievement and motivation in a high school physics class in Western New York. A quasi-experimental action research design was used to investigate student attitude, motivation, and achievement when exposed to inquiry style labs. The researcher investigated inquiry based laboratories as an intervention across a five-week period. Achievement, attitude and motivation were documented in Pre and post assessments. Data collection strategies included selected response check-ups, surveys, and classroom observations. Twenty-eight (28) High School Physics students enrolled in the researcher’s Physics class participated in this study. Collected data were displayed in bar graphs to detect patterns. It was found that inquiry learning in a laboratory setting has a similar effect on student achievement and motivation as the traditional approach, but can increase student attitude by promoting discussions and increasing student learning through errors. It is suggested that future research focus on the effects of errors on the learning process in a physics laboratory.
    • The Impact of Background Music on Student Reading Comprehension

      Seewagen, Amanda (State University of New York at Fredonia, 2019-05)
      Reading is the foundation for lifelong learning. It has been shown that music has an impact on students learning depending on what music you use in the classroom (Rashidi & Faham, 2011; Chew, Yu, Chua, & Gan, 2016; Chou, 2010). This brought up the problem of music impacting students reading comprehension. This problem led to the research question of does background music have an impact on students reading comprehension. An online survey was used to find if middle school general education and special education teachers used music in their classroom and if the music has an impact on the students reading comprehension. The results showed three major themes. The first theme was that music helps the student’s comprehension. The second theme was that the music teachers used in their classrooms are a range from upbeat to slow soothing music. The third theme was that music that the participants who used music in their classroom found their students to be more engaged and focus more on the lesson. The teachers also stated that they would also recommend using music in the classroom to other learners. These findings were important to the research because they showed that more research needs to be done on this topic. The teachers found differing results from the research stated in this study. There are limitations and recommendations offered for a future study.
    • The impact of Classwide Peer Tutoring for students with emotional or behavior disorders.

      Jo, Alex (2015)
      This study investigated how ClassWide Peer Tutoring can be effective for students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders. This research was a quantitative study and followed an A-B-A design, where the first A was the initial baseline observations, B was the ClassWide Peer Tutoring intervention, and the second A was the baseline reintroduced after the intervention was withdrawn. The study was six weeks and each phase of the research design was for two weeks with two observations each week. The study examined data from a single subject participant with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders in an 8th grade mathematics class. Results from this study found on-task behaviors increased while off-task behaviors decreased when ClassWide Peer Tutoring was implemented during intervention. In addition to improved behavior, academic accuracy was better with ClassWide Peer Tutoring. Implications for further research include lengthening the research study to an A-B-A design and examining the differences between student thought incentives and teacher incentives.