Now showing items 21-40 of 72

    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Narrowing the gap: Using telemental health during COVID-19 to address disparities for resettled refugees

      Disney, Lindsey (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Abstract: While the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have been varied and wide-reaching, certain groups have experienced an exacerbation of existing health and mental health disparities, particularly refugees, immigrants, and migrants. Additionally, refugees have specific and often urgent mental health needs related to their experiences in countries of origin and during the process of resettlement. Telemental health, which has been used for service provision in some refugee camps prior to the emergence of COVID-19, presents unique benefits and challenges for refugee-serving providers and clients. This chapter will explore existing empirical work while centering the experiential knowledge of a refugee-serving practitioner, with a focus on innovative policy and practice recommendations for culturally responsive service provision.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: COVID-19, Technology, and the Digital Divide: Implications for NYS

      Bennett Gayle, DeeDee; Yuan, Xiaojun (Jenny); Knight, Thora; Dubois, Elisabeth (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Technology rapidly became a necessity during the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. At the height of the pandemic amid social distancing strategies such as New York State on Pause, broadband wireless and internet-based technologies became critical lifelines. These lifelines enabled citizens to maintain some semblance of normalcy with work, education, access to healthcare, and other daily activities - albeit online. While technology was a necessity during this time, the pre-existing digital divide issues (among others) may have further marginalized, underrepresented populations during the pandemic. This chapter summarizes the efforts of the Technological Innovation amid COVID-19 Working Group and poses questions regarding the potential secondary impacts of the pandemic on racial and ethnic minority groups in New York State. The workgroup was convened in 2020 and has since had over 15 publications (journal articles, commentaries, conference papers, books, and book chapters) related to the impacts and use of technology during COVID. The meta-analysis considers broadband wireless technology as a super social determinant of health, crossing all health domains. Using a modified ecology theory framework, the conclusions are presented across the five domains of influence focused on the implications for New York State.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Exploring differential impacts of COVID-19 related fear and psychological health consequences on college students

      Flagg, Amanda M.; Welch, Laura; Chong, Li Shen; Lin, Betty; Gordis, Elana (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      The global spread of COVID-19 induced fear and stress, increasing the risk and severity of mental health problems. In particular, college students have been impacted academically, physically, financially, and psychologically. Further, college students from racial and ethnic minority groups have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19, experiencing higher rates of infection, hospitalization, mortality, and discriminatory events, as well as inequities related to healthcare insurance and access, and having pre-existing health disparities. Taken together, the uncertainty of COVID-19 may induce marked fear across domains, thus increasing the risk of anxiety and depressive symptoms among students. The current study drew data from 249 undergraduate students to examine whether fear of COVID-19 predicted anxiety and depression, and whether associations varied as a function of race or coping strategies. Results indicated that White students endorsed significantly less COVID-related fear compared to Black and Asian students. Further, associations between fear of COVID-19 and anxiety differed significantly across racial/ethnic groups, such that COVID-related fear was only tied to more anxiety among Hispanic students. Moreover, greater fear of COVID-19 was associated with greater anxiety and depression among students who endorsed higher levels of maladaptive coping strategies and lower levels of adaptive coping strategies. The current study provides insight into the role of race and ethnicity on COVID-related fears and its influence on mental health symptoms, as well as the role of coping strategies in modifying their associations. Findings suggest that mechanisms through which COVID-19 may influence college students’ mental health may vary depending on race/ethnicity and individual risk and resiliency factors. These findings may help to inform the development of strategies targeted toward vulnerable communities to provide better support. Strategies to address mental health disparities exacerbated by COVID-19 among students are discussed.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Selecting and Training Contact Tracers to Address Minority Health Disparities: Lessons from COVID-19

      Dowden, Aileen; Danna, Gabrielle; Randall, Jason; Dalal, Dev (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Like most public health emergencies, COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted minority communities and exacerbated pre-existing health disparities (Hooper et al., 2020; Selden & Berdahl, 2020). Consequently, state and local governments had to rapidly hire, train, and send forth an “army” of contact tracers to help mitigate the spread of COVID-19. However, not much was known about the individual characteristics required to perform this critical job effectively, particularly in a way that ensured equal treatment of all individuals and effective contact with minority communities. Randall et al. (2021) and Dalal et al. (2021) showed that well selected and trained contact tracers, and trust and knowledge about the contact tracing role are critical aspects of contact tracing compliance among minority individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Drawing on theories from personnel psychology (e.g., Guion, 2011), we present a blueprint to extend this work by presenting a comprehensive picture of procedures to efficiently, fairly, and validly select and train contact tracers to address future public health crises, and to effectively work within minority communities. Future steps to develop selection and training systems are also identified to facilitate the establishment of a contact tracing personnel system and to expand these procedures to other public-facing health support positions. Being more proactive in preparing public health personnel to work more effectively in minority communities should increase preparation for future health crises and contribute to the elimination of minority health disparities.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: The Ecological Impact of COVID on the Mental Health of Black Children

      Cooke, LaNina N. (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      COVID-19 has widely exasperated existing issues within societal areas, including educational and mental health systems. These systems, which are guided by socioeconomics, are in no way isolated, connecting and spilling into the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Especially magnified and significant are the disproportionate perception and treatment of Black children with mental health concerns. Consequential undesirable behavior is often not connected with cognition issues, especially anxiety and depression. Instead, due to assumptions of normative “culture” or irreparable internal flaws, they are often diverted away from therapeutic environments. Relatedly, similar system behavior is also seen in the criminal justice system, which is a possible consequence of this disproportionality. This work considers the dearth of emotional and connectivity resources in areas that couple with low socioeconomic status. These challenges, which were present pre-pandemic, regard technological resources, demographically framed workforce burdens, and community mental health resources. The posed issue focuses on workplace culture and system functioning, rather than teacher, parent, or child shortcomings. Noted also are policy and system suggestions that hope to alleviate pressure and change the disproportionate impact of system behavior on Black children, even with the changing bearing of COVID. These recommendations include educational and community services, policy changes, professional development, increased funding sources, and parental empowerment, along with changing of stigmatizing perceptions and responses on the part of societal systems.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Changes in Educators’ Awareness of Racial Inequality in Two Small-City School Districts During COVID-19.

      Schiller, Kathryn; Horning, Beth Anne (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      The rapid pivoting to fully online schooling in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated existing educational and social inequalities between students, especially in urban districts serving marginalized populations. This chapter highlights changes in teachers’ perceptions of racial inequality and related challenges in two small-city school districts between April 2019 and April 2021 by using responses to a school climate survey administered as part of a project piloting professional development for early career teachers around promoting racial justice. Compared to 2019, teachers in 2021 tended to indicate being more accepting of attention given to multicultural and diversity issues. However, these increases were largest for untenured teachers, who were also more likely than their more experienced colleagues to agree that COVID-19 made racial and ethnic disparities more prominent and contributed to students’ mental health struggles. In open-ended responses, teachers in these districts expressed frustration over a lack of time to address both their own mental health and the mental health of their students due to district focus on curricular instruction. Drawing upon lessons learned in piloting project workshops, suggestions are provided for adapting mentoring and other professional development activities to better support teachers challenged by more prominent racial disparities and increased mental health issues among their students and for themselves.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: COVID-19-Anxiety and Using Substances to Cope: Differences Across Race and Gender in a New York State College Student Sample

      Longo, Laura M.; Fresquez, Cara L.; Martin, Jessica L.; Cimini, M. Dolores; Sumski, Natalie (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      This chapter examines prevalence rates of alcohol use, marijuana use, and reports of using substances to cope during the COVID-19 pandemic gathered through the University at Albany’s 2020 Recent Issues and Student Experiences (RISE) Survey. Using findings from the RISE study, this chapter investigates how using substances to cope and COVID-related anxiety differed among college students identifying as racial and ethnic minorities, and men and women. Specifically, the impact of multiple minority identities on substance use coping motives and COVID-related anxiety was explored. We discuss implications for research, clinical work, targeted prevention initiatives, and place special emphasis on approaching prevention of health-risk behaviors through a comprehensive public health framework.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Related Stressors on Graduate and Undergraduate Students at a Majority-Minority University in New York State

      Maroney, Meredith R.; Zhou, Shangyun; Cimini, M. Dolores; Karter, Justin M.; Feuer, Emily (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      The COVID-10 pandemic exacerbated stressors for undergraduate and graduate students, particularly those with minoritized identities. The purpose of this study was to explore student experiences and related stressors during the pandemic related to their education. We conducted focus groups with 30 students through seven focus groups in December 2020. We used thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) to analyze qualitative data which resulted in three higher order themes and several subthemes: Worries related to health, sociopolitical anxiety, dancing around the issues and impact. We conclude with implications for university systems including flexible policies, access to mental health interventions, and the use of a public health framework to understand barriers and access for students.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Housing Insecurity and Eviction Likelihood among Renters during the Pandemic in New York State and Beyond

      Friedman, Samantha; Lu, Yi; Nakatsuka, Mayuko (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Since the coronavirus pandemic, little research has examined racial and ethnic differences in housing insecurity or eviction among renters. This study seeks to build upon and expand the existing literature on these topics using data from the Household Pulse Survey administered by the U.S. Census Bureau since 2020 for the U.S. (overall), New York State, California, Texas, and Florida. These four states have the largest state populations, and they received nearly 30% of the $25 billion in aid from the Emergency COVID-19 Relief Bill. New York and California had state-based eviction moratoriums in place much longer than in Texas and Florida. Our results reveal that race and ethnicity are significantly associated with housing insecurity in the U.S. and all four states. Blacks and Hispanics are significantly more likely than Whites to report not being caught up on their rent. With respect to the analyses of eviction likelihood, Hispanic renters in the U.S. and Florida are significantly less likely than Whites to report being very likely to be evicted, relative to reporting that they would not be at all likely to be evicted. There is no difference between Blacks and Whites in their likelihood of being evicted. In spite of the availability of federal aid to renters, racial and ethnic disparities in housing insecurity among renters have persisted during the pandemic. Future research should study racial and ethnic differences in actual evictions rather than just perceptions of eviction, particularly since most eviction moratoriums have been lifted.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: COVID-19 and disability services in Upstate New York: A survey of disability organizations

      French-Lawyer, Jeremy; White, Lindsey; Goss, Katherine D.; Turk, Margaret A. (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Introduction/purpose People with disability, who represent 1 in 4 adults in the U.S., experience a number of health disparities. These disparities have been exacerbated by the recent SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (COVID-19). Individuals with disability may rely on services from organizations for support, and anecdotal evidence suggests that these services have been impacted by COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to understand changes in service provision in a number of categories, organizational priorities related to COVID-19, and the information needs of disability organizations in New York State. We hypothesized that disability services would have decreased and that more services would be offered remotely during COVID-19 compared to prior to COVID-19. Methods We conducted a survey of disability organizations, contacting individuals at those organizations via phone, email, and listserv. The survey was developed by the research team and included questions about services offered prior to COVID-19 versus during COVID-19, as well as questions about additional precautions, health information, and organizational priorities. Disability services assessed in the survey included advocacy, caregiver, education, emergency/crisis services, health promotion programing, mental health, and recreational services, among others. Additional precautions included social distancing, use of masks, use of other PPE (face shields, gowns, gloves), reduced hours, reduced staff density, reduced group sizes, increased sanitizing of space/equipment, temperature screenings, other (please specify). The survey was conducted from August to December 2020. Descriptive analyses and paired sample t-test were conducted to compare service provision prior to and during COVID-19. Results Fifty-three respondent completed the survey from twenty-two counties in New York State. Organizations represented were of varied size and served a broad range of populations. The majority of organizations indicated that staff and clients had been impacted by COVID-19 positive cases. Overall, there significantly were fewer disability services offered during COVID-19 compared to prior to COVID-19. In addition, there was a significant change to remote disability services during COVID-19. Several disability services were no longer offered by organizations during COVID-19 that had been offered previously, while at the same time some services were initiated by organizations during the pandemic. Many respondents from disability organizations reported use of additional precautions. Disability organizations accessed information and COVID-19 related information from sources including National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD), New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Almost all of the respondents reported sending COVID-19 health and wellness resources to their consumers and/or stakeholders. Discussion/Conclusions As hypothesized, disability services decreased during COVID-19, and more services were offered remotely. The resulting impact of this change on health disparities experienced by people with disability is not yet clear, and these results represent a starting point for understanding that impact. In addition, the finding that some services were no longer offered, while others were initiated, warrants further investigation. Further research on this topic utilizing clear definitions and investigating the changes in specific services would be valuable, especially related to the effect on people with disability in rural areas and other instances where alternatives might not be available.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Positive Impacts on Health Disparities for Kinship Caregivers Using Technologies New to Them: Lessons Learned about Virtual Peer Support Services Compelled by COVID-19

      Coen Flynn, Karen; Glaser, Rae (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Kinship caregivers are non-parent relatives, commonly grandparents, or anyone with a positive relationship to the family who cares for a child full time in the absence of a biological parent. Many kinship caregivers identify as Black or Hispanic, members of minority groups long documented to suffer health disparities, including challenges in behavioral health. In 2018 New York State Kinship Navigator implemented the Kinship Navigator System of Care Project (see www.nysnavigator.org). As part of the project evaluation, University at Albany researchers survey participants and track peer support group services delivered by five agencies. In March 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic forced agency staff to transition in-person peer support meetings to online ones, forcing already burdened kinship caregivers to learn how to connect with their peers through digital technologies new to them. This exploratory study examined the relationship between a pandemic-mandated technological change in family service delivery and how this change shaped some kinship caregivers’ access to and benefits received from peer support meetings. Researchers conducted ten focus groups and two individual interviews between November 2020 and March 2021 with 46 individuals. Themes surfaced, among others, included: (1) transitioning to virtual meetings presented insurmountable hurdles for some, and (2) transitioning to virtual meetings was relatively easy. The findings suggest that this pandemic-induced technological change in kinship caregiver peer support will likely have a transformative effect post-pandemic on the delivery of family support services, perhaps in a hybrid in-person/virtual form. Study limitations and future directions for research are discussed.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: COVID-19 & The Black Church

      Hastings, Julia F.; Cooke, Collina D. (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      Throughout American history, the Black Church has endured and overcome every crisis and continues to stand during the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic. As the most recognized, trusted, and stable social institution in Black communities, churches have significantly enhanced psychological, health, educational, and cultural well-being. From March 2020 to present day, the Black Church has helped to make sense of, and support public health responses to, life sustaining practices. The research literature offered no record on how New York Black Churches might make necessary adjustments to the historic health crisis. In order to examine how Black Churches persisted through the COVID-19 pandemic, the present study explored the type of public health information shared on church-related social media sites. Secondly, researchers captured recollections from Senior Pastors about the decision-making process and actions taken to maintain the Black Church’s presence. The qualitative study analyzed data using ATLAS.ti (version 9. 0) from 20 randomly selected New York Black Churches varying in denomination and congregation size. Findings revealed how many churches provided food, clothing, masks, hand sanitizer, disinfectant, and communal prayer to all who needed it. Technology became essential for many churches to virtually support congregants through prayer and remain a steadfast, trusted resource within the Black community. Our study underscored that the Black Church, as an institution, continues to serve as strong partners for any public health social work effort in that it is supportive, culturally appropriate, and can be responsive to needed interventions improving the lives of Black populations.
    • Everyday Sustainability

      Sen, Debarati (SUNY Press, 2017-11-01)
      Everyday Sustainability takes readers to ground zero of market-based sustainability initiatives—Darjeeling, India—where Fair Trade ostensibly promises gender justice to minority Nepali women engaged in organic tea production. These women tea farmers and plantation workers have distinct entrepreneurial strategies and everyday practices of social justice that at times dovetail with and at other times rub against the tenets of the emerging global morality market. The author questions why women beneficiaries of transnational justice-making projects remain skeptical about the potential for economic and social empowerment through Fair Trade while simultaneously seeking to use the movement to give voice to their situated demands for mobility, economic advancement, and community level social justice.
    • Creating Sustainable Communities

      Scarce, Rik (SUNY Press, 2015-06-01)
      From Mount Marcy to Manhattan and beyond, the Hudson River region has become an incubator for rich and varied experiments in sustainable living. In this fascinating book, Rik Scarce showcases some of these efforts by telling the stories of dynamic individuals and organizations that are remaking the region's landscape through ecosystem stewardship, nurturing agricultural practices, and urban renewal for the twenty-first century, along with those promoting creative land-use planning, richly functioning communities, and green businesses. Together, their achievements point to the potential for other areas of the country to forge sustainable futures, and also remind us of the sobering realities and daunting challenges that await us as we attempt to remake our relationships with the planet and with each other.
    • Adventures in Sustainable Urbanism

      Krueger, Robert; Freytag, Tim; Mössner, Samuel (SUNY Press, 2019-11-01)
      In the context of urban sustainable development, the "details" of sustainability's current expressions perpetuate environmental injustice, untenable growth, and the destruction of functioning ecosystems. In response to this state of affairs, Adventures in Sustainable Urbanism aims to prompt new debates about the consequences of sustainable urbanism as it moves from planning to practice. Contributors explore policy, practice, and experience from cities around the world, including Calgary, Christchurch, Dortmund, Vancouver, and others. Written by scholars who live in these cities, chapters offer empirically rich descriptions for opening up new lines of thinking, theorizing, and debate about the sustainable city and its actual material expressions in place. By examining the sustainable city through various analytical framings, contributors urge readers to move from viewing the sustainable city as something everyone can agree on, to a highly politicized and contested process. Additional resources are provided for readers who may wish to extend their own research into a city or theme.
    • The Arab Revolution of 2011

      Arjomand, Saïd Amir (SUNY Press, 2015-04-01)
      How do we make sense of the Arab revolution of 2011? What were its successes, its failures, and significance in world history? The Arab Revolution of 2011 brings together a broad range of perspectives to explain the causes, processes, and consequences of the revolution of 2011 and its critical implications for the future. The contributors, in this major addition to the sociology of revolutions, step back from the earlier euphoria of the Arab Spring to provide a sober analysis of what is still an ongoing process of upheaval in the Middle East. The essays address the role of national armies and foreign military intervention, the character and structure of old regimes as determinants of peaceful or violent political transformation, the constitutional placement of Islam in post-revolutionary regimes, and the possibilities of supplanting authoritarianism with democracy. The revolution of 2011 is also examined within a broad historical perspective, comparing the dynamics of revolution and counterrevolution in countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya with such epochal events as the European revolution of 1848 and Russia in 1917.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: Discovering Differential Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Education Workforce

      Wilcox, Kristen; Schiller, Kathryn; Lawson, Hal; Durand, Francesca; Leo, Aaron; Yu, Lisa (Fang); Tobin, Jessie; Mola Ávila, José Antonio (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      This mixed method study sought to illuminate stress, job satisfaction, and performance disparities of educators working in schools serving different subpopulations of students (i.e., ethnically, linguistically, and socioeconomically) and in different types of communities (i.e., urban, suburban, rural) across New York State. Through a survey, the research team collected information from educators working in all grade levels and in both classrooms and pupil support positions (e.g., counselors, school psychologists, social workers), and with students requiring specialized instruction such as students with disabilities and English Language Learners. Analyses for this chapter focus on the research question: To what extent do educators serving different percentages of economically-disadvantaged children indicate changes in job satisfaction since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to what do they attribute their levels of stress and job satisfaction? Our analysis provides evidence that the pandemic, with its multiple disruptions and sources of stress, decreased educators’ satisfaction with their jobs, and this effect was especially evident in schools serving more economically-disadvantaged students. Because dissatisfaction is a strong indicator of the likelihood of leaving a job these results suggest that educator turnover in schools serving more economically disadvantaged children may be higher than for other schools. Leadership and school-community relationships during the pandemic were also associated with workforce effects, suggesting that school, district, and community leaders serve as critical buffers for stress-inducing elements of a crisis.
    • Addressing Differential Impacts of Covid-19 in NYS: The Impact of COVID-19 Related Anti-Asian Rhetoric and Racial Discrimination on the Mental Health of Asian Americans

      Dubois, Elisabeth; Yuan, Xiaojun (SUNY Press, 2023-02-27)
      The COVID-19 pandemic disproportionately affects socially vulnerable populations, including Asian Americans whereupon anti-Asian rhetoric and stigmas have worsened their mental health amid the crisis. In this paper, we seek to investigate the theory of interactionism as it relates to the nature of the disparities faced by Asian Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic. Through the analysis, several disparities rooted in historical racism, socioeconomic state, and culture are identified stemming from racially charged messaging and actions. These disparities are used as a baseline to highlight recommendations aimed at mitigating the mental health challenges arising from associating COVID-19 with people of Asian descent. This paper has implications for scholars and practitioners interested in understanding how labeling and stigmatizing populations who are already vulnerable amid a public health crisis can negatively affect mental health and lives.
    • International Librarianship

      Constantinou, Constantia; Miller, Michael J.; Schlesinger, Kenneth (SUNY Press, 2017-02-01)
      International librarianship stems from a desire to bring about political change, transcultural understanding, collaboration, and mutual respect. Historically, librarians have been deeply involved with challenging issues of information sharing, equity in information access, and bridging the digital divide between different socioeconomic communities. This collection draws on case studies from American librarians who traveled to Central America, the Caribbean, Central Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean, and Asia to participate in librarian-initiated and sponsored projects. They united communities, promoted religious and cultural tolerance, developed new facilities, or enhanced existing libraries and archives, thereby enriching communities with resources, professional expertise, new partnerships, and sustainable development practices. International Librarianship offers insight into how these experiences might serve as templates and promote best practices in collaborations within the library profession in the United States and abroad, and it also demonstrates how international experiences can enliven home institutions upon return.
    • Louise Blanchard Bethune

      McAlonie, Kelly Hayes (SUNY Press, 2023-03-01)
      As America's first professional female architect, Louise Blanchard Bethune broke barriers in a male-dominated profession that was emerging as a vital force in a rapidly growing nation during the Gilded Age. Yet, Bethune herself is an enigma. Due to scant information about her life and her firm, Bethune, Bethune & Fuchs, scholars have struggled to provide a complete picture of this trailblazer. Using a newly discovered archival source of photographs, architectural drawings, and personal documents, Kelly Hayes McAlonie paints a picture of Bethune never before seen. Born in 1856 in Waterloo and raised in Buffalo, New York, Bethune wanted to be an architect from childhood. In fulfilling her dream, she challenged the nation to reconsider what a woman could do. A bicycle-riding advocate for coeducation, Bethune believed in women's emancipation through equal pay for equal work. This belief would be tested during the design competition for the Woman's Building for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, where female entrants were not paid for their work. Bethune refused to participate on principle, but nonetheless her career thrived, culminating in the most important commission of her life, Buffalo's Hotel Lafayette. A comprehensive biography of the first professional woman architect in the United States, who was also the first woman to be admitted to the American Institute of Architects, this book serves as an important addition to New York and architectural history.