Now showing items 1-20 of 150

    • Great Lake Review Spring 2022

      Nirdishtha Raj Sapkota; Emily O'Brien; Christopher Eastman; Cambria Gordon; Kiley Kerns; Lauren Royce; Kaitlin Flint; Alexis Santos; Bryce Levac; Te'Zariah Hazell; et al. (2022)
    • Great Lake Review Fall 2022

      Olivia Murphy; Kiley Kerns; Shania Bumbury; Cambria Gordon; Ally Gero; Kirsten Hirt; Rachel Valente; Matthew Smearing; Lexi Wycoff; Lauren Royce; et al. (2022)
    • Great Lake Review Spring 2021

      Alexandra Borowsky; Emily O'Brien; Rachel Janish; Kaitlyn Stork; Rachel Janish; Marissa Specioso; Soma Mei Sheng Frazier; Mary Kate Moylan; Austin Colotti; Athena Lamicela; et al. (2021)
    • Great Lake Review Fall 2021

      Emily O'Brien (2021)
    • Great Lake Review Fall 2020

      Alexandra Borowsky; Emily O'Brien; Kaitlyn Stork; Rachel Janish; Jessica Sforza; Marissa Specioso; Athena Lamicela; Mary-Katherine Moylan; Chelsee Morris; Austin Colotti; et al. (2020)
    • Great Lake Review Spring 2020

      Alexandra Borowsky; Nirdishtha Raj Sapkota; Emily O'Brien; Emilee Crane; Harrison Mark; Samantha V. Zerbinos; Ishara Aryal; Mary-Katherine Moylan; Chelsee Morris; Douglas Tan; et al. (2020)
    • Great Lake Review Spring 2018

      Kirsten Staller; Kirstin Swartz; Francesca Leparik; Joseph Bandru; Lilly Kiel; Marissa Specioso; Emilee Crane; Evelyn Sokolowski; David Drake; Joseph Sigurdson; et al. (2018)
    • Great Lake Review Fall 2018

      Joey Bandru; Lilly Kiel; Merlin Tiisler; Harrison Mark; Sara Costello; Marissa Specioso; Emilee Crane; Evelyn Sokolowski; David Drake; Peter Humphreys; et al. (2018)
    • Great Lake Review Fall 2017

      Kirsten Staller; Kirstin Swartz; Francesca Leparik; Treasurer Alicia Hughes; Lilly Kiel; Marissa Specioso; Bridget Dinan; Evelyn Sokolowski; Nonfiction Joey Bandru; Morgan O�Grady; et al. (2017)
    • Teacher candidate self-efficacy and ability to teach literacy: A comparison of residency and traditional teacher preparation models

      Mazzye, Doreen L; Duffy, Michelle; Lamb, Richard (University of South Florida Libraries, 2023-07)
      This comparative study explored self-efficacy and ability for scientifically-based literacy instruction between a traditional and residency model of teacher preparation. Pre-/post-survey data was collected using the Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Scale. Mentor teachers completed a modified version of the survey on candidates’ abilities. Data were analyzed using paired sample t-tests, independent sample t-tests, and a trend analysis. Results revealed that candidates in the Residency Model held higher levels of self-efficacy for literacy instruction than in the Traditional Model. Mentor teachers rated candidates in the Residency Model as more able to teach literacy than those in the Traditional Model. There was alignment amongst the mentor rating and the resident perception of ability. In the Traditional Model, the mentor and student teacher were not as aligned in their perspectives of student teacher ability to teach literacy. Teacher preparation programs should consider the potential of teacher Residency Models to prepare pre-service teachers for the use of the Science of Reading for teaching literacy.
    • The Beast with Two Backs

      Wade, Erik (University of California Press, 2020-07-29)
      Today, the comparison of male homosexuality to bestiality is unfortunately too well-known from homophobic polemics. Yet this comparison has a history in the Anglophone world, and it emerged in the early European Middle Ages seemingly not in order to dehumanize men who had sex with men but in order to make bestiality appear serious by comparing it to male-male sexual acts. The eighth-century Paenitentiale Theodori—which collects the judgments of the Byzantine-born Archbishop Theodore—is the earliest extant English text to connect male-male sexual acts with bestiality. This comparison does not occur in the previous penitentials, but, after its appearance in the Paenitentiale, this comparison traveled throughout Western Europe. No scholarship to date examines the global origins of such a comparison. This paper argues that later medieval views of bestiality as perverse and as a serious sexual offense emerged from bestiality’s early comparison to same-sex acts (rather than vice-versa). Prior to the Paenitentiale Theodori, European theologians described bestiality as a minor sin akin to masturbation. Theodore borrowed the comparison of bestiality and male-male sex acts from a Latin mistranslation of the 314 Greek Council of Ancyra and from the Byzantine theologian St. Basil the Great. Since the early penitentials accorded male-male sexual acts some of the most serious penances, the comparison of bestiality to these acts elevated bestiality for the first time in Western Europe to the status of a serious and unnatural sin. Through connection to effeminizing male-male sexual acts, bestiality gained a reputation as a serious, boundary-violating sin in its own right.
    • Body-worn cameras: Technological frames and project abandonment

      Koen, Marthinus C.; Newell, Bryce Clayton; Roberts, Melinda R. (Elsevier BV, 2021-01)
      This case study examines the technological frames of administrators and users regarding the implementation of body-worn cameras at the Pennybridge Police Department, a mid-sized police organization (<300) in the Mid-Western United States. Using semi-structured interviews, a patrol survey, and ride-along observations; we found that different actors based on their hierarchy and function framed body-worn cameras differently over time. Administrators implemented body-cameras to protect officers from frivolous complaints while at the same time holding them accountable for their behavior. Users felt, for the most part, that the technology had become a “gotcha mechanism” as body camera footage was used to placate the public, monitor officer behavior, and charge them with minor infractions. Adding to their frustrations, users felt increasingly dispirited by the technical shortcomings of the cameras and the backend storage system provided by the vendor. At the same time, administrators were vexed by the financial and logistical burden of the program, ultimately leading to project abandonment and a search for a new system. Our findings have important implications for policymakers and future research.
    • The Pennybridge pioneers: understanding internal stakeholder perceptions of body-worn camera implementation

      Koen, Marthinus C.; Newell, Bryce Clayton; Roberts, Melinda R. (Informa UK Limited, 2022-08-22)
      Since body-worn cameras (BWCs) were catapulted into mainstream discourse, they have diffused rapidly across police agencies in the United States. Research followed swiftly, providing a wealth of information about how the police and citizens make sense of these technologies. Moreover, we have learned how these technologies have impacted important policing outcomes, such as citizen complaints and the use of coercive force during citizen encounters. However, despite the growing body of research, very little is known about how police stakeholders make sense of the implementation of BWCs and about their decision-making throughout the implementation process. Therefore, this research examines the decision to implement BWCs in one mid-sized municipal police department in the United States through the lens of Rogers (2003) Diffusion of Innovations theoretical framework. We rely on semi-structured interviews and observations with 17 stakeholders to address this question. Our findings show that BWC technology generally posed little uncertainty for stakeholders in terms of what it could offer conceptually. However, because the agency was an early adopter, decision-makers were confronted with significant uncertainty about practical matters such as the financial and logistical costs of implementing the technology, in addition to policy creation. These findings have important implications for scholars and practitioners.
    • Body-Worn Cameras and Internal Accountability at a Police Agency

      Koen, Marthinus; Mathna, Brooke (Modestum Publishing Ltd, 2019-12-16)
      Existing research on body-worn cameras have primarily focused on certain policing outcomes (e.g., citizen complaints and use-of-force), however, only a handful of research to date has considered how the implementation of body-worn cameras have impacted internal organizational processes at police departments. Using semi-structured interviews, a survey, and ride-along observations, we examined how body-worn cameras impacted the way police officers were held or felt accountable for their behavior. The study was conducted at the Sunnyvale Police Department (pseudonym), a small city agency in the United States that had been using cameras for two and a half years. Particularly, we describe how body-worn cameras impacted accountability at Sunnyvale within different organizational contexts that included reporting, citizen interactions, training, and supervision. Consistent with the hopes of reformers, body-worn cameras did seem to raise the general sense of accountability as they became a part of training, citizen encounters, reporting, and supervision. However, these changes were not like reformers would have imagined, as the department did not intently use cameras in a way to hold officers any more accountable for their conduct and performance on the street.
    • The effects of body-worn cameras on police organisation and practice: a theory-based analysis

      Koen, Marthinus C.; Willis, James J.; Mastrofski, Stephen D. (Informa UK Limited, 2018-04-23)
      This study applies the technical/rational model of organisations to help explain the effects of body-worn cameras on police organisation and practice in a single police agency in the United States. Consistent with the technical/rational model, cameras had enhanced those people processing and environment-changing features of the police organisation which had tangible goals and well understood means for their accomplishment. In comparison, body-worn cameras were less successful in changing supervision and training, which were not well developed technically. We posit that improvements in these people changing aspects of police work will likely require public pressure for higher levels of police professionalism, rigorous evidence on how these cameras can make training and supervision more effective, and police agencies willing to experiment with their strategic implementation.
    • “As Black as They Were Before”: The History of Skin Colour and the History of the Holy Rood-Tree

      Wade, Erik (Early Middle English, 2022-06-06)
      A twelfth-century manuscript preserves an English homily known as the History of the Holy Rood-Tree. In it, the three Rods of Moses perform a number of miracles, including turning the skin of several Ethiopian men and their sons white. The Ethiopian mothers, however, remain Black. The History is perhaps the earliest surviving English text to create a hierarchy of skin colour, and to explicitly state that white skin is more beautiful than black skin. This article frames the History as an early chapter in the history of European depictions of Blackness. The Ethiopians know and respect God, and the History represents their Blackness as abject yet affording insight into God that white characters do not have. At the same time, they implicitly desire whiteness, in an uncanny precursor to the internalized feelings of inferiority that Frantz Fanon described for modern Black people. The History reminds us of the truth of Fanon’s claims that the European past holds modern Black people prisoner, and that it is important to write long histories of race and anti-Blackness.
    • Supporting First-Gens in the Library Classroom

      Bauder, Deborah (2022-06-03)
      As librarian instructors our goal is to ensure that students have the tools they need to successfully navigate the research process. In this session, I present some strategies I use to create a more productive and inclusive library classroom. Session attendees will come away with enhanced skills for engaging with and empowering first-generation (and other) college students in their library instruction sessions to become better researchers and more confident members of the college community.
    • Face-to-Face with Social Media: One Archivist's Approach to Engagement

      Vickery, Zachary (New York Archives Conference, 2022-06-17)
      Inspired by the findings in Julianna Maiorano’s thesis “Engagement Levels on Social Media: A Case Study of Sojourner Truth Library’s Instagram”, the College Archivist Librarian at SUNY Oswego followed recommendations to increase engagement with distinct communities (internal campus members and external researchers) through the official social media accounts of Penfield Library. Julianna’s primary findings showed posts that including faces in photographs on social media indeed increase engagement, and that libraries should increase featuring faces in social media posts to increase engagement with patrons. Posts on Twitter and Instagram created by the College Archivist Librarian during 2021 were tracked, statistics were pulled from the respective platforms, and means were established to measure two groups (face/no face, human/no human) against the total post average. Poster information includes engagement strategies, data from the social media platforms, and low-to-no cost recommendations for increasing the social media presence of an archive.
    • Multi-Level Message Sequence Charts to Validate the Collaborative Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems

      Daun, Marian; Tenbergen, Bastian; Brings, Jennifer; Obe, Patricia Aluko (Athena International Publishing B.V., 2021-01-31)
      Autonomous driving and e-mobility are swiftly becoming not only the work of science fiction or popular science, but a reality. A key focus of manufacturers and suppliers in the automotive domain is of course to specify systems that implement this reality. Often, scenarios at type-level are used throughout the development process to specify system behavior and interaction within the car, as scenario models are comparatively easy to understand and can easily be subjected to manual validation. However, autonomous driving and e-mobility require interaction not just of systems within the same car, but collaboration between multiple cars as well as between cars and miscellaneous road infrastructure (e.g., smart road signs). The car becomes a Cyber-Physical System that dynamically forms collaborating networks at runtime with other Cyber-Physical System to create functionality that goes beyond the scope of the individual vehicle (e.g., resolve a traffic jam). Consequently, a plethora of possible compositions of such a network exist and must be specified and validated completely to assure their adequate and safe execution at runtime. Doing this at type-level with scenario models becomes prohibitively tedious, error prone, and likely results in unrealistic development cost. To combat this issue, we investigate the use of multi-level Message Sequence Charts to allow for specifying interaction scenarios between collaborative Cyber-Physical System in a network of collaborating automotive Cyber-Physical System. To assist the developer in systematically defining multi-level Message Sequence Charts, we propose two processes. The resulting diagrams use a mixture of type and instance-level abstractions within one conceptual diagram. This allows reducing the required effort to manually validate the adequacy of scenarios to a manageable amount because information within the scenarios can be validated in batches. At the same time, instance-level defects become more obvious. Evaluation results from a controlled experiment show that multi-level Message Sequence Charts contribute to effectiveness and efficiency of manual validation for collaborative automotive Cyber-Physical System.