• Analysis of Queueing Networks in Equilibrium: Numerical Steady-State Solutions of Markov Chains

      Lokshina, Izabella V.; Lanting, Cees J. M. (IGI Global, 2020)
      Equilibria of queueing networks are a means for performance analysis of real communication networks introduced as Markov chains. In this paper, the authors developed, evaluated, and compared computational procedures to obtain numerical solutions for queueing networks in equilibrium with the use of direct, iterative, and aggregative techniques in steady-state analysis of Markov chains. Advanced computational procedures are developed with the use of Gaussian elimination, power iteration, Courtois’ decomposition, and Takahashi’s iteration techniques. Numerical examples are provided together with comparative analysis of obtained results. The authors consider these procedures are also applicable to other domains where systems are described with comparable queuing models and stochastic techniques are sufficiently relevant. Several suitable domains of applicability are proposed.
    • Application of Integrated Building Information Modeling, IoT and Blockchain Technologies in System Design of a Smart Building

      Lokshina, Izabella V.; Greguš, Michal; Thomas, Wade L. (Elsevier, 2019)
      The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry has not adopted digital transformation enthusiastically like other industries, for instance, manufacturing, aerospace or finance. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an innovative technology that is considered as an opportunity for the AEC industry to move to the digital era and improve the collaboration among stakeholders by applying Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). BIM provides all required tools and automations to achieve end-to-end communication, data exchange and information sharing among collaborators. Accordingly, virtual 3D models, created by the BIM process, delivered as physical assets, monitored in real-time and managed using Building Management Systems (BMS), can adopt the Internet of Things (IoT) designs and services. However, the implementation of IoT in a highly modular environment with various moving parts and inter-dependencies between stakeholders leads to security concerns. Therefore, this paper proposes system design that employs the blockchain technology as a measure to secure and control the framework that involves integrated IoT and BIM technologies. Although this paper considers system design applied in a smart museum, the authors assume that design is generic and applicable in other building categories. For instance, this design can be implemented in the ongoing Alumni Hall renovation project at State University of New York College at Oneonta.
    • Doublespeak: Louisa Jacobs, the American Equal Rights Association, and Complicating Racism in the Early US Women’s Suffrage Movement

      Goodier, Susan (Cornell Press, 2021)
      Members of the U.S. women’s suffrage movement, usually noted as being from the 1840s to the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, faced many struggles related to race from the outset. Periods of close collaboration between Black and white activists have been punctuated by longer periods with virtually no cooperation between them. Turning our attention to Lou- isa Jacobs, the daughter of the once-enslaved Harriet Jacobs (author of Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl), helps us unpack racial cooperation—and the lack thereof—in the years immediately following the Civil War.
    • The Dutch Atlantic world, 1585–1815: Recent themes and developments in the field

      Noorlander, Danny (Wiley, 2020-08)
      Scholarship on the Dutch Atlantic has grown and changed a lot in 30 years, with older themes like colonial weakness and insignificance giving way to a newly discovered Dutch vitality. This essay demonstrates the change by summarizing the recent research and highlighting the military, economic, and cultural impact of the Dutch in West Africa and America, plus the possible impacts of both places on the Dutch in Europe. The essay also cautions writers against taking arguments about dynamism, diversity, tolerance, cosmopolitanism, and modernity too far.
    • The Effects of Marketing on Commercial Banks’ Operating Businesses and Profitability: Evidence from US Bank Holding Companies

      Chen, Kai (Emerald Publishing, 2020-04)
      Purpose: This paper aims to explore the role that marketing plays in commercial bank management. Specifically, we examine the effects of marketing activities on banks' operating businesses, i.e. deposit, loan and service businesses. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of marketing activities on bank profitability. Design/methodology/approach: A series of hypotheses about the associations of marketing activities with banks' deposits, loans, services and profitability are developed. The fixed-effects linear model with an AR (1) disturbance is applied on the panel dataset of FR Y-9C reports to test these hypotheses. Findings: The results show that total loans and service proceeds are positively associated with marketing activities, which is measured by banks' advertising and marketing expenses. The effects of marketing activities on loan and service businesses are far-reaching to the second quarter in future. Moreover, the results reveal that profitability, measured as net income over total assets, increases with marketing activities. Practical implications: From the findings of this study, bank managers can learn the strengths and weaknesses of their marketing strategies and therefore better coordinate the marketing resources used in different areas of business. The study provides bank managers with a direction to examine the weaknesses in their marketing management. Originality/value: An issue in bank marketing that has not been explored yet is whether and how marketing activities affect commercial banks' specific businesses, such as deposits, loans and services, and how improvements in the specific businesses further affect bank profitability. This study is the first one to address this fundamental issue in bank marketing. Furthermore, the study provides the supplementary evidence that marketing contributes to commercial banks' profitability.
    • Estimating the Discount Rate of S&P 500 Portfolio With Cointegration Analysis

      Chen, Kai; Marcus, Richard D. (North American Business Press, 2020-11)
      Using cointegration analysis, this paper examines the evolution of the discount rate of S&P 500 portfolio from 1926 to 2019. By estimating on a 30-year time window moving over time, we find that the discount rate has gradually become significantly smaller. The results suggest that capital cost in the U.S. stock market, represented by the discount rate of S&P 500 portfolio, has been declining as time goes by, which implies that the U.S. stock market has become more informative and efficient, since the risk of a stock, which determines its capital cost, is associated with the stock’s asymmetric information.
    • Ethical Climate and Ethical Leadership in Public Accounting Firms

      Buchan, Howard; Flynn, Lisa; Foley Deno, Charlene (American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences (ASBBS), 2020)
      The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between ethical work climate and corporate leadership. We discuss leadership style, ethical work climate, and ethical leadership. We seek to explore these relationships among established conceptual frameworks, and we intend to apply them to public accounting firms at the conceptual level. The paper concludes with a proposed model to empirically investigate how the frameworks and concepts apply to the public accounting setting. The goal is to ascertain whether the proposed relationships hold within the setting of professional service firms in order to better understand the factors impacting ethical behavior in public accounting firms.
    • Freedom Courts: An Analysis of Black Women’s Divorce in Attala County During Mississippi’s Anti-Divorce Campaign, 1890–1940

      Ashford, Evan Howard (University of BolognaInter-university Consortium for the Study of Euro-American History and Politics (CISPEA), 2021-03)
      The essay argues that divorce, as a legal maneuver, provided Black women with the opportunity tochallenge oppression within the household while simultaneously pushing back against broader ef-forts to curtail access to divorce. Framed within the New Negro Era, the article analyzes the compet-ing realities of divorce as both a racialized political issue and an internal struggle for independence.Utilizing newspapers and divorce petitions, the article captures how divorce gave Black women avoice and a platform in which they could declare independence in a society that was historicallyknown for its suppression of African Americans.
    • Presentation of Decadent Orientalisms: The Decay of Colonial Modernity

      Fieni, David (2021-10)
      Dr. Fieni will present selections from his book, Decadent Orientalisms: The Decay of Colonial Modernity, which explores how literature in French and Arabic has imagined the relative health and morbidity of France and the Arab World since the mid-19th century. Attentive to historical and literary configurations of language, race, religion, and power, Decadent Orientalisms shows the importance of understanding Western discourses of Eastern decline together with Arab and Islamic responses in which decadence returns as a characteristic of the West. The lecture will range from a discussion of a scandalously carnivalesque Arabic text from 1855 by the Lebanese author Faris Ahmed al-Shidyaq to contemporary writing in French by Arab immigrants in Paris exorcising the specters of their own supposedly “degenerate” status.
    • A Study on Wide-ranging Ethical Implications of Big Data Technology in a Digital Society: How Likely Are Data Accidents during COVID-19?

      Lokshina, Izabella V.; Lanting, Cees J. M. (IGI Global, 2021)
      Exponential growth in the commercial use of the internet has dramatically increased the volume and scope of data gathered and analyzed by datacentric business organizations. Big Data emerged as a term to summarize both the technical and commercial aspects of these growing data collection and analysis processes. Formerly, much discussion of Big Data was focused on its transformational potential for technological innovation and efficiency; however, less attention was given to its ethical implications beyond the generation of commercial value. In this paper, the authors investigate the wide-ranging ethical implications of Big Data technology in a digital society. They inform that strategies behind Big Data technology require organizational systems, or business ecosystems, that also leave them vulnerable to accidents associated with its commercial value and known as data accidents. These data accidents have distinct features and raise important concerns, including data privacy during COVID-19. The authors suggest successful risk mitigation strategies.