Medicinal and recreational marijuana use among HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) cohort, 1994-2010.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
Matson, Pamela A
Grady, Cynthia D
Weber, Kathleen M
Wilson, Tracey E
Journal titleJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Publication Begin page618
Publication End page26
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Despite the major benefits of effective antiretroviral therapy on HIV-related survival, there is an ongoing need to help alleviate medication side effects related to antiretroviral therapy use. Initial studies suggest that marijuana use may reduce HIV-related symptoms, but medical marijuana use among HIV-infected individuals has not been well described.
Methods: The authors evaluated trends in marijuana use and reported motivations for use among 2776 HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study between October 1994 and March 2010. Predictors of any and daily marijuana use were explored in multivariate logistic regression models clustered by person using generalized estimating equation. In 2009, participants were asked if their marijuana use was medical, "meaning prescribed by a doctor," or recreational, or both.
Results: Over the 16 years of this study, the prevalence of current marijuana use decreased significantly from 21% to 14%. In contrast, daily marijuana use almost doubled from 3.3% to 6.1% of all women and from 18% to 51% of current marijuana users. Relaxation, appetite improvement, reduction of HIV-related symptoms, and social use were reported as common reasons for marijuana use. In 2009, most marijuana users reported either purely medicinal use (26%) or both medicinal and recreational usage (29%). Daily marijuana use was associated with higher CD4 cell count, quality of life, and older age. Demographic characteristics and risk behaviors were associated with current marijuana use overall but were not predictors of daily use.
Conclusions: This study suggests that both recreational and medicinal marijuana use are relatively common among HIV-infected women in the United States.
CitationDʼsouza G, Matson PA, Grady CD, Nahvi S, Merenstein D, Weber KM, Greenblatt R, Burian P, Wilson TE. Medicinal and recreational marijuana use among HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) cohort, 1994-2010. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Dec 15;61(5):618-26. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318273ab3a. PMID: 23011399; PMCID: PMC3508315.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
- The Impact of Substance Use on Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women in the United States.
- Authors: Zhang Y, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Milam J, Cohen J, Cohen M, Golub ET
- Issue date: 2018 Mar
- Initiation of regular marijuana use among a cohort of women infected with or at risk for HIV in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).
- Authors: Kuo WH, Wilson TE, Weber KM, Madhava V, Richardson J, Delapenha R, Des Jarlais D
- Issue date: 2004 Dec
- Medicinal and recreational marijuana use by patients infected with HIV.
- Authors: Furler MD, Einarson TR, Millson M, Walmsley S, Bendayan R
- Issue date: 2004 Apr
- High-intensity cannabis use and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people who use illicit drugs in a Canadian setting.
- Authors: Slawson G, Milloy MJ, Balneaves L, Simo A, Guillemi S, Hogg R, Montaner J, Wood E, Kerr T
- Issue date: 2015 Jan
- Miscarriage among women in the United States Women's Interagency HIV Study, 1994-2017.
- Authors: Wall KM, Haddad LB, Mehta CC, Golub ET, Rahangdale L, Dionne-Odom J, Karim R, Wright RL, Minkoff H, Cohen M, Kassaye SG, Cohan D, Ofotokun I, Cohn SE
- Issue date: 2019 Oct