Factors impacting vaccine hesitancy toward Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) vaccination in Brooklyn, New York.
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AuthorSmith-Norowitz, Tamar A
Silverberg, Jonathan I
Norowitz, Esther M
Hammerschlag, Margaret R
Journal titleHuman vaccines & immunotherapeutics
Publication Begin page4013
Publication End page4014
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to the development of several candidate vaccines. However, current research suggests that the potential of successful vaccines is tempered by vaccine skepticism or hesitancy. If vaccine efficacy is 80%, then the herd immunity required from vaccination is about 75-90%. The aim of the current study was to study factors impacting COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in a representative sample of adults (age≥18 years) in a COVID-19 hotspot COVID-19: coronavirus disease-19.
CitationSmith-Norowitz TA, Silverberg JI, Norowitz EM, Kohlhoff S, Hammerschlag MR. Factors impacting vaccine hesitancy toward Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) vaccination in Brooklyn, New York. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2021 Nov 2;17(11):4013-4014. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2021.1948786. Epub 2021 Jul 9. PMID: 34242124; PMCID: PMC8828105.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in an Underrepresented Minority Community.Balhotra, Kimen; Chahal, Kunika; Silver, Michael; Atallah, Fouad; Narayanamoorthy, Sujatha; Minkoff, Howard (2023-01-24)To assess factors influencing acceptability of COVID-19 vaccine in a population of predominantly indigent, minority, pregnant and non-pregnant people of reproductive age. Cross-sectional survey using a modified Health Belief model administered between January 2021 and January 2022 at four hospitals in Brooklyn. Participants included English-speaking reproductive aged persons attending clinics at the participating sites. Descriptive and univariate data analyses were used for analysis. 283 eligible reproductive persons were approached of whom 272 completed the survey (96%). Three quarters said they would take the vaccine under certain circumstances ("as soon as it is ready" [28.6%], "when my doctor recommends it" [21.3%] or "when enough people have received it to know if it works" [25%]), while 25% said they would never take the vaccine. When comparing persons that would take it under certain circumstances to those that never would, the "never" group was significantly more likely to note that, "they would not trust any COVID vaccine" (71.4% vs. 28.5%; p ≤ 0.0001). This greater level of distrust extended to greater distrust of doctors, government, family, newspapers, and media. However, 36% said they would be influenced by their doctor's recommendation. Pregnant participants were significantly more likely to wait until their doctor recommended it (17.6% of pregnant persons compared to 3.7% of non-pregnant p < 0.0001). Despite mistrust and other discouraging factors, many persons, under appropriate circumstances (e.g., reassurance about vaccine safety) may be motivated to take the vaccine. Even those who claimed that they wouldn't take the vaccine under any circumstance may be influenced by their health care providers.