Welcome to the SUNY Open Access Repository
The SUNY Open Access Repository (SOAR) is a centrally managed online digital repository that stores, indexes, and makes available scholarly and creative works of SUNY faculty, students, and staff across SUNY campuses. SOAR serves as an open access platform for those SUNY campuses that do not have their own open access repository environments.
Access to SUNY campus communities in SOAR are available below under SUNY sectors and also listed alphabetically under the Campus Communities in SOAR on the navigation bar on the left.
Additional information includes
- Approved SUNY Campus Open Access Policies (clicking on this link will take you out of SOAR)
- Links to additional SUNY repositories
- SOAR guidelines
Communities in SUNY Open Access Repository
Select a community to browse its collections.
The ABCs of CPL: How to simplify the very complex concept of credit for prior learningHow can the workbook help you? Credit for Prior Learning (CPL) has been demonstrated as an effective tool in increasing student engagement in the learning process and student degree completion. This self-guided workbook was developed to address the most frequently asked questions about CPL. The workbook allows students to reflect upon essential factors before enrolling in a degree program at a college or university. It can also assist students in assessing their knowledge and determining their ability to complete learning and obtain college-level credits within a particular area. It answers common questions about CPL and considers the advantages and obstacles students may face in this process. This workbook was also designed to help administrators, faculty members, and professional staff understand the value and importance of CPL. The workbook will help them explore existing areas for creating opportunities for students to access CPL and reflect on essential considerations when integrating this policy at their institution. The purpose of this workbook is to create a more equitable and transparent path toward CPL for any students interested in pursuing at any institution.
The Relationship of Cocaine Use and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Serostatus to Incident Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among WomenBackground and objectives: To assess the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in a group of heterosexual women as a function of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) serostatus and to ascertain the effect of crack cocaine use on these relationships. Study design: At baseline, 445 HIV type 1 (HIV-1) seronegative and 232 seropositive women were provided interviews ascertaining demographic and behavioral risk factors. All participants were tested for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis at baseline and at 6-month intervals. Results: HIV serostatus was not related to STD incidence. Although HIV-positive women reported more condom use than did HIV-negative women (P < .01), only 65% reported using them consistently. Increases in the frequency of crack cocaine use, measured on a 4-point scale, were positively associated with rates of new STDs (relative risk [RR] = 1.23, P < .01). Crack cocaine use was also associated with greater numbers of sexual partners and less consistent condom use. The relationship between HIV status and the probability of acquiring an STD was not influenced by frequency of crack use. Conclusion: Women infected with HIV or who use crack cocaine are at risk for transmitting HIV and acquiring other STDs. Whether women are infected with or at risk for HIV, programs are needed to prevent and treat crack addiction. Interventions should target high-risk sexual practices among both female crack users and women living with HIV.
Sexual, contraceptive, and drug use behaviors of women with HIV and those at high risk for infection: results from the Women‚s Interagency HIV StudyObjective: To document the sexual and contraceptive practices of women with HIV infection or who are at risk for infection. Design: Data on the baseline behaviors of 561 HIV-negative and 2040 HIV-positive women were collected as part of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). WIHS is a multisite, longitudinal study following the natural history of HIV infection among women in the United States. Methods: Each participant contributed an interviewer administered, self-report interview including questions on sexual and contraceptive behavior. Results: Women with HIV were less likely to report heterosexual activity in the previous 6 months (65% HIV-positive, 76% HIV-negative). Among sexually active women, there were no differences in the proportion of those reporting vaginal (97% HIV-positive, 98% HIV-negative) or anal sex (12% HIV-positive, 10% HIV-negative), although women with HIV were less likely to report cunnilingus (41% HIV-positive, 70% HIV-negative) and fellatio (48% HIV-positive, 57% HIV-negative). Of women with HIV, 63% always used condoms during vaginal sex (versus 28% HIV-negative), with lower rates reported during other sexual activities. Crack, cocaine, or injecting drug use, reported by 27% of HIV-positive and 35% of HIV-negative women, was associated with inconsistent condom use, independent of serostatus. HIV-positive women who reported using condoms and another contraception method were less consistent condom users (57% consistent versus 67%). Conclusions: The prevalence of sexual risk behavior in this sample suggests that, although women with HIV exhibit lower levels of sexual risk behavior than uninfected women, many have not been successfully reached with regard to implementing safer behaviors. These findings have implications for more widespread and effective behavioral intervention efforts.
Predictors and Risk-Taking Consequences of Drug Use Among HIV-Infected WomenObjective: To determine rates of drug use among women with HIV, and to examine associations between drug use, health, risk behavior, and sexually transmitted diseases (STD). Design: A longitudinal cohort study of 260 women with confirmed HIV-positive serostatus. Methods: Each participant contributed a self-report interview, a clinical examination, laboratory testing of cultures for Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and urinalysis for the presence of metabolites of cocaine and opiates. Data were examined on 140 women at 1-year follow-up. Women were defined as drug users if they reported crack, cocaine, or heroin use in the 6 months before the interview or if they had a positive toxicologic test result for cocaine or opiates. Results: 34% of those in the sample were classified as positive for drug use. Drug use was associated with the number of sexual partners, age at first intercourse, prevalence of STDs, and lower quality of life. STDs were present at baseline in 33.7% and 15.5% of drug users and nonusers, respectively. Drug use among this population was also associated at both baseline and follow-up with the likelihood of having a Karnofsky score below 80, and with overall perceived general health. Conclusions: Drug users in this cohort were more likely to engage in behaviors that place them at risk for STDs, to have elevated STD prevalence, and to have lower perceived health across several indices. Identification of drug use and treatment for it need to be a central component of HIV care for women.